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ELEMENTS OF ART IN PHOTOGRAPHY

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olga gorbenko

on 18 January 2013

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Transcript of ELEMENTS OF ART IN PHOTOGRAPHY

OLGA GORBENKO ELEMENTS OF ART IN PHOTOGRAPHY VALUE LINE SHAPE COLOR FORM SPACE TEXTURE level of brightness
tone or brightness of an image as assessed subjectively: high values give light grays; low value grays are dark in appearance
the step or zone, in the Zone System, which corresponds to a certain range of brightness
camera setting or range of settings based on scales of shutter time, lens aperture, exposed light, luminance and film speed Detail texture- the detail of an object's surface is the most significant aspect of an image.
Drama texture- photo depends on the texture to add drama.
A key point is that, generally, the contrast or color of the texture serves to capture the viewer's attention.
The visual and especially tactile quality of a surface. "In fine art photography, the presence of the element color over rides the impact of the other elements of art. So do not shoot images in color, shoot images of color." Rule of thirds
Golden square rule A regular pattern that joins together a number of elements in the image. The line doesn't have to straight. The strongest images involve curved lines. The power of the line comes from it's ability to capture the eye and direct it how to scan the image. The nature of the curve is important- a line curving into the image is stronger than a line curving out of the image. Zone System A photographic technique for determining optimal film and exposure and development, formulated by Ansel Adams and Fred Archer Contrast the difference in the luinance and/ or color that makes on object distinguishable
determined by the difference in the color and brightness of the object and other objects within the same field of view contrast = Lmax - Lmin
Lmax Shape is a two-dimensional element basic to picture composition and is usually the first means by which a viewer identifies an object within the picture. Silhouettes emphasize shape. Shapes can be made more dominant by placing them against plain contrasting backgrounds.
(noun) - A shape is an element of art. Specifically, it is an enclosed space, the boundaries of which are defined by other elements of art (i.e.: lines, colors, values, textures, etc.).
Shapes are limited to two dimensions: length and width. Geometric shapes - circles, rectangles, squares, triangles and so on - have the clear edges one achieves when using tools to create them. Organic shapes have natural, less well-defined edges (think: an amoeba, or a cloud). Key High key-
A high key image must have:
1-A white or very light pastel background.
2. Subjects(s) dressed in white or light pastel clothing.
3. Little or no contrast.
4. Little or no heavy shadows.
5. Few middle tones.

A high key image will not have:
1. Any overexposure of the subject.
2. Any areas below the middle tone except for small areas like the iris of the eyes CAMERA OPERATIONS Forms are defined by their lines, shapes, and volume.
3-dimensional
The shape and structure of something as distinguished from its material
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