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Naturalism in Education (Agencies, Organization and Methods)
Transcript of Naturalism in Education (Agencies, Organization and Methods)
(Agencies, Organization and Methods) Agencies and Organization
Parents are tasked to educate a child by protecting him from artificial society
Parents should develop the child's inherent qualities
Education should follow the natural stages of development of the child Natural stages of Development
Adolescence Infancy Stage - from 0 to 5 years - growth of the body - motor activities - sense perception Here, the child has to be free from restraint and the body hardens by actual participation in nature. Through trial and error technique, the child learns what he can and cannot do. Childhood Stage - 5 to 12 years old - laissez-fair approach: do nothing and allow nothing to be done. - avoid books and emphasize in games - let nature be the teacher Boyhood Stage - 12 to 15 years old - education by human agencies should begin - the child's natural desire to learn should develop - the child should recognize the usefulness of knowledge. Adolescence Stage - 15 -20 years old - a perception of human relations arises - sex impulses appears to be strong at this stage and reason has to check the sexual desires and channel them to more desirable outlets. - ethical point-of-view - spiritual inspiration - aesthetic Educational Idea
The child should be the CENTER of the Educational Process
The child should determine the processes and techniques of teaching
Education should never hamper, nor restrain the child's natural capacities and interests Three Modern Principles of Teaching a pupil should not be subjected to any regimen - he is allowed to grow naturaly THE PRINCIPLE OF GROWTH The Principle of Pupil Activity "Nothing can be done for the pupil, if he can do it himself." The Principle of Individualization Each child should be allowed to develop on their own. Despite one's limitation, nature will find a way to make the child learn in the process Prepared by ORLY S. AGAWIN