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Slavery in ancient Greece and Rome
Transcript of Slavery in ancient Greece and Rome
By Matt Spishakoff and Marcos Araque
Slavery in Ancient Greece and Rome
Joined The Roman army where he was a part of the Roman auxiliary. He deserted the army. Spartacus was then captured, sold into slavery, and trained at a gladiator school.
"The World of Rome" by Micheal Grant
Slaves that were not owned by an individual, but by the Roman public. These slaves were usually more qualified than others. Since they worked for the public, they could become relatively successful.
Led a slave revolt in 73BCE. He escaped along with 70 other gladiators using kitchen tools. Spartacus then gathered an army of 90,000 slaves and fought the Third Servile War. He died in battle in 71BCE. His 6,000 remaining followers were crucified.
Born in Thrace as a freeman. He lived from 109BCE-71BCE. Not much else is known about his early life.
House Slaves- slaves that worked in masters home, land, or shop, and lived with him
Freelance Slaves- slaves that didn't live with master, worked in a shop or field, and got paid taxes
Public Slaves- Slaves that worked as police officers, ushers, secretaries, and other service industry jobs
War Captives- Unskilled workers where they could be chained, often physical labor
Athenian Slaves- Slaves were property of master and could do whatever they wanted with them
Gortyn Slaves- Very dependent on their master; few rights
Italy and North Africa had large slave based economies
Roman Slave Markets- Capua and Delos
Greeks mainly used slaves for agriculture and mining
Importance to Greek and Roman Economies
Greece and Rome
A slave society is a civilization whose base is made up of slavery.Both Greece and Rome were slave societies. They both relied on slaves for labor and money.
The Romans treated their slaves very callously. Their masters would often beat them, and if they ran away, they could be killed. However, some slaves were given many privileges and their masters were affectionate with them. This often varied based on their job. The Greeks were not as brutal.
Treatment of Slaves
Increase of wealth among Roman elite.
Improved agriculture in both Rome and Greece
Made economy dependent on slavery
Began in Ancient Rome when Romulus allowed fathers to sell children into slavery
Began in Greece when Solon abolished holding citizens for labor.