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EDU4CCS - Task 1 - Liesl Thom - 15561069
Transcript of EDU4CCS - Task 1 - Liesl Thom - 15561069
Graduating from School
Tip of the Iceberg
EDU4CCS - The Contexts and Directions
of Australian Education
Historical and Political Effects on Education
Social Effects on Education
By Liesl Thom - 15561069
JUST THE TIP OF THE ICEBERG
Industrial Effects on Education
The Australian Government has put money into schools since the 1960's.
The Australian Government spends over $30 billion on schools each year.
The Most Recent Are:
Philosophical Effects on Education
On this earth for thousands of years education has occurred.
Many issues have effected education.
Issues such as historical, social, political, economic, industrial, global and philosophical.
Many people have tried, and sometimes failed at bettering the education for students.
The question remains,
what is the best way to educate the younger generations?
As time moves on many changes occur, so that which would have worked once, may no longer.
The early 1800's cast a different light on what a school is considered to be today.
Schools took shape in whatever building was deemed available - huts, churches, shops, houses and barns.
Teachers could be of either gender and begin at a young age.
Dance at the Conclusion of the Cavarra Ceremonies (2).
Everyday Life (1).
This was a time before the First Fleet arrived in 1788.
Aboriginal children were taught to hunt and gather food.
Teachers included parents, elders and other family members.
As the boys matured they were taught the art of making spears, boomerangs and other
As the girls matured they were taught cooking, how to make fishing nets, bags and baskets.
History was taught through stories, songs, dances and celebrations about their people.
Traditional laws of their tribe were taught.
Respect for their elders.
Protection for their family.
Providing for their family.
The arrival of the First Fleet occurred in 1788.
The first school was born in 1789, established by Captain Arthur Phillip and run by two convicts.
The students were taught how to read and write including simple mathematics.
The HMS Supply (3).
In order to establish universal literacy, compulsory, secular and free education began in Australia.
Schools were modeled on England - eg. English history was taught.
Literacy was gained through spelling, dictation and composition.
Rote learning was the main teaching method with exception of reciting tables.
For teachers to begin teaching only a pupil - teacher apprenticeship was needed.
Pupil - teacher apprenticeship replaced with tertiary teacher training.
1911 NSW was the first to produce curriculum documents.
Students generally started at 4 and left at 14 to begin working.
The key goal was now equality of opportunity.
State school fees were abolished and scholarships provided for the less fortunate working class children.
Schools were now concerned with cultural heritage, character building and citizenship.
Studies now included
- Nature studies
- Home Science
- Manual Training
- Needle work
1930's - 1940's
The Great Depression hits.
More freedom for teachers in their classroom.
Reduced income for teachers with some loss of jobs.
This was commonly seen during the
Great Depression (4).
Throughout the media it was believed that education was in crisis as standards were falling.
The media blamed the:
- Decline in quality teachers.
- Decline in average age of teachers.
Change brought the reconstruction of education, schools and the curriculum.
Mixed ability classrooms became standard.
A recognition of multiculturalism began.
In 1973 the Karmel report was released.
The report battled to combat educational disadvantage for the working class children.
Supported by the Whitlam Government.
Initiatives to fund education by the Federal Government.
In 1986 the National Policy of Education was released placing emphasis on woman's equality in education.
Every child must read write and count.
Social change occurs in society when the “existing social system or network of social institutions fails to meet the existing human need and when new materials suggest better ways of meeting human needs” Patil (2012).
Values of those who control educational institutions will ultimately affect the education:
A teachers values will affect the education of the students:
- What they are taught.
- How they are taught.
Parents values will decide where their child goes to school and what they
Since the acceptance of multiculturalism in the 1960's there is no longer a forced segregation of students based on race or sexual orientation.
School Multiculturalism (5).
Leaving age has been increased to 16 years.
The social norm of leaving school early to work is no longer the case.
Completion of VCE is now expected for many jobs.
The 1918 Fisher Act ensured the minimum leaving school age as 14.
In 1947 the minimum leaving age was 15.
In 1972 the minimum leaving school age was 16.
This was to combat youth unemployment.
School Leaver (6).
Changes of Acceptance
Due to an increase in accessible and affordable technology, information is readily accessed in schools. Some technologies will change the need for different teaching styles, others will inform not only students but parents.
Programs such as myspace, facebook and twitter, google, prezi, voicethreads and blogs are readily available.
However some social networking can increase the likelihood for increased bullying.
This is website presents various data on 9,500 schools of which you can compare resources and performance.
Teaching styles have changed due to technology and readily accessible information.
Young people no longer have to wait, but have the information readily at their finger tips.
Their are now various ways students receive information, therefore teachers can no longer dictate how students must uptake information.
In 2008 national testing via NAPLAN occurred.
NAPLAN is also seen on the MySchool website (shown later).
VELS was first published in 2005 with AusVELS now the standard curriculum which began in 2013.
AusVELS is a single curriculum for levels F-10.
Gonski review and Better Schools Plan have also been implemented
The Gonski Review
This review is intending to spend more money on schools, consistently and more fairly across Australia.
Already $3.7 billion is allocated to Victoria alone.
Better Schools Plan
This plan will deliver an extra $12.2 billion to public schools over the next 6 years.
Global Effects on Education
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) showed that Australia was one of the top 10 countries to receive above average in reading, mathematics and science.
Teachers strike for better pay and conditions (7).
The most recent industrial action occurred before the last federal election where Ted Baillieu promised to make Victorian teachers the highest paid in Australia.
On June 13, 2013 Victorian teachers accepted the offered pay rise of up to 20% after an 18 month battle.
Australia was 9/10 with a reading score of 515.
China was placed 1st with a reading score of 556.
The average score was 493.
Australia was 10/10 with a mathematics score of 514.
China was placed 1st with a mathematics score of 600.
The average score was 496.
Australia was 9/10 with a science score of 527.
China was placed 1st with a science score of 575.
The average score was 501.
While Australia's Results Are Good ..........
We still need to work harder
to reach the top for better education of our students, so they can achieve to the best of their abilities!! (9).
What The Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority Intends To Do!
Goal 1: Australian schooling promotes equity and excellence.
Goal 2: All young Australians become successful learners, confident and creative individuals, and active and informed citizens. (ACARA, 2012)
A Commitment to Action
• In developing stronger partnerships.
• Supporting quality teaching and school leadership.
• Strengthening early childhood education.
• Enhancing middle years development.
• Supporting senior years of schooling and youth transitions.
• Promoting world-class curriculum and assessment.
• Improving educational outcomes for Indigenous youth and disadvantaged young Australians, especially those from low socioeconomic backgrounds.
• Strengthening accountability and transparency. (ACARA, 2012).
Outcomes Which Need to be Achieved
• All children are engaged in and benefiting from schooling.
• Young people are meeting basic literacy and numeracy standards, and overall levels of literacy and numeracy achievement are improving.
• Australian students excel by international standards.
• Schooling promotes the social inclusion and reduces the educational disadvantage of children, especially Indigenous children.
• Young people make a successful transition from school to work and further study. (ACARA, 2012).
• Lift the Year 12 or equivalent or Certificate II attainment rate to 90 per cent by 2015.
• Lift the Year 12 or equivalent or Certificate III attainment rate to 90 per cent by 2020.
• Halve the gap for Indigenous students in reading, writing and numeracy by 2018.
• At least halve the gap for Indigenous students in Year 12 or equivalent attainment rate by 2020. (ACARA, 2012).
Therefore, we as educators should never give up, never stop trying to find the best for the younger generation.
Whether that means
More money into the system.
More ICT in classrooms.
More well paid teachers.
Smaller class sizes.
And the list goes on.
No matter what, we keep trying to be the best We can be for Our students.
The Problem Is - People Do Give Up
Because we are human.
And teaching is hard.
So what should happen to combat this?
What Should be Our Future Aim?
For the benefit of our future students our aims should be:
Available resources for all schools (such as ICT).
Government help to gain resources.
Accessible schools for all children regardless of background or culture.
Teacher support including available and achievable teacher training.
Smaller class sizes to aid teachers in giving more time to each student.
Buildings that are well looked after and comfortable for both staff and student.
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2. Micheals, W. (2002). One hundred years of education in Australia – A social history. Retrieved from: http://0-search.informit.com.au.alpha2.latrobe.edu.au/fullText;res=AEIPT;dn=115581
3. Patil, N.P. (2012). Role of education in social change. International Education E-Journal 1(2), 205-210
4. Bechtel, K.J. Women’s Rights in the American Century. Old Mill High School. Retrieved from http://www.umbc.edu/che/tahlessons/pdf/Women's_Rights_in_the_American_Century.PrinterFriendly.pdf
5. Australian Women’s History Forum (2013). Timeline. Retrieved from http://www.womenshistory.com.au/timeline.asp
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8. ACARA (2013). My School. Retrieved on the 8th August 2013 from http://www.myschool.edu.au/
9. Miceli, N. (2013). How Teaching Styles Have Changed Over the Past 10 Years. GO Articles. Retrieved on the 8th August 2013 from http://goarticles.com/article/How-Teaching-Styles-Have-Changed-Over-The-Past-10-Years/6305552/
10. ACARA (2011). National Report on Schooling in Australia 2009. Retireved on the 8th August 2013 from http://www.acara.edu.au/reporting/national_report_on_schooling/student_achievement/naplan.html
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12. World News Australia (2013). Vic Signs Onto Schools Deal. Retrieved on the 8th August 2013 from http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1796035/Victoria-signs-up-for-school-funding-deal
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16. ACARA (2013). Measurement Framework for Schooling in Australia. Sydney: ACARA. Retrieved on the 13th August 2013 from http://www.acara.edu.au/verve/_resources/Measurement_Framework_for_Schooling_in_Australia_2012.pdf
1. Ross, J. (2013). Aboriginal Population’s ice age plunge. The Australian. Retrieved on the 8th August 2013 from http://www.theaustralian.com.au/higher-education/aboriginal-populations-ice-age-plunge/story-e6frgcjx-1226628888365
2. Monash University Rare Book Collection (1993). Early Images of the Australian Aborigines. Retrieved on the 8th August 2013 from http://monash.edu/library/collections/exhibitions/aborigines/xabor.html
3. First Fleet Fellowship Victoria Inc (2011). HMS Supply. Retrieved on the 8th August 2013 from http://firstfleetfellowship.org.au/ships/hms-supply/
4. 100 Years of Australian History 1901 to 2001. King George V-Gold Bearing Series 1923 to 1933. Retrieved on the 8th August 2013 from http://www.aussiecurrency.com/chapt3.htm
5. McDougall, B. (2011). Australian School Curriculum Force Acceptance of Multiculturalism. Courier-Mail. Retrieved on the 8th August 2013 from http://www.news.com.au/national-news/textbook-approach-to-multiculturalism/story-e6frfkvr-1226129336796
6. Sheldon, N. The School Leaving Age: What can we Learn from history? Historyextra. Retrieved on the 8th August 2013 from http://www.historyextra.com/feature/school-leaving-age-what-can-we-learn-history
7. Hosking, W., Johnston, M. (2013). Striking teachers vote to continue industrial action. Herald Sun. Retrieved on the 9th August 2013 from http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/victoria/teachers-strike-to-throw-victorias-education-system-into-chaos/story-e6frf7kx-1226576019776
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10. ZeroDean (2013). Results. Retrieved on the 13th August 2013 from http://www.google.com.au/search?safe=active&q=inspirational+keep+trying&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&bvm=bv.50500085,d.dGI,pv.xjs.s.en_US.ciY8R2R6XC8.O&biw=1280&bih=695&wrapid=tlif137638259639710&um=1&ie=UTF-8&hl=en&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=hO4JUrDxOYPIkwX_uIHwAg#facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=J84WtInZnf4kXM%3A%3BnjtFqxSNMBP-DM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fblog.zerodean.com%252Fwp-content%252Fuploads%252F2012%252F11%252Fgetting-results-keep-trying2.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fblog.zerodean.com%252F2012%252F10%252Fpage%252F4%252F%3B550%3B450
By Liesl Thom
Anticipating What May Happen In the Future
Technology will continue to be prominent in education - though not as far as to have teacher-less classrooms.
The working environment of teachers should continue to improve - though teachers will still have to fight for their rights.
Hopefully our political leaders will continue to introduce funding for education.
The curriculum will continue to encompass all states with a national curriculum.
Students will continue to change with the times.
Therefore we as teachers have to adapt.