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Sports Safety

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by

sam norris

on 22 May 2015

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Transcript of Sports Safety

If you or your child is a pitcher, he/she has about a fifty-fifty chance of experiencing pain in his/her elbow or shoulder in his/her baseball or softball career every pitcher no matter what their age generates enough force to rupture the ulnar collateral ligament in his/her elbow. Every pitcher that has undergone Tommy John surgery has one thing in common, mechanical fault in their delivery that causes the arm to lag behind the rest of the body. 1 in every 7 pitchers need Tommy John surgery. 31 MLB players have undergone Tommy John surgery since 2011.
You get Tommy John surgery by rupturing your ulnar collateral ligament in your elbow. you rupture this ligament by: If you can see this mans elbow it is lagging behind him and it is putting strain on his elbow which will eventually put to much strain on the elbow and will tear the muscle in your elbow.
Who he was
How To Get Tommy John Surgery
Tommy John By:Ty,Ale,Sam,Ethan and Malik
Tommy John Surgery

Once you rupture your elbow you have to get Tommy john surgery because that is the only way to fix the rupture or tear. In the surgery they open up your elbow and take out the ligament leading from your elbow to your wrist and replace it with your left forearm ligament if you are a right handed thrower, if you are a left handed thrower, then they replace it with the right forearm ligament.
Tommy John Treatment
After you go through the surgery of Tommy John you need to do about a years worth of rehabilitation. You have to do a lot of stretches to work in your elbow. It takes a while but eventually your elbow is stable and ready to go back into baseball.
The first person to have Tommy John surgery was Thomas Edward John Jr. A.K.A Tommy John. He was a former pitcher in the Major Leagues who's 288 career victories rank him as the seventh most career wins in Major league history. He was born on May 22, 1943 in Terre Haute, Indiana. For college, he went to Indiana State University. Tommy bats right and throws left. He is 6 foot 3, and weighs 180. He was signed by the Cleveland Indians, and his numbers were 37, 25,(6 times) and 35.
About Tommy John Surgery
The procedure, first performed on John by Dr. Frank Jobe in 1974 has prolonged countless careers at all levels of the game. Over the years, sports medicine doctors have indeed reported inquires from young, uninjured baseball players regarding purely elective Tommy John surgery [source: Fraser].
The Chances of having to get Tommy John Surgery
Football Mental Aftershock/Concussion
By: Ty, Ale, Sam, Malik and Ethan



Concussions
Concussions are brain injuries caused by a blow to the head or a violent shaking of the head and body. Concussions are very common, there are more than 3 million cases per year. It usually doesn't require lab tests or images, and it is medically treatable by a doctor or professional.
How it Happens
Concussions Ages
When people get hit hard in the upper body and head multiple times throughout their career they have a chance of getting a Mental Aftershock after or late in their career.
0-2
3-5
6-13
14-18
19-40
41-60
60+
These are ages and how they are affected by concussions
Concussion symptoms
Concussions are also called mild traumatic brain injury, aka MTBI. Concussions have no symptoms but people may experience: Headache: Can be persistent or severe. Pain: can be mild. Cognitive: Disorientation, forgetfulness, mental confusion, or amnesia. Sleep: sleep disturbances, difficulty falling asleep, or sleepiness. Visual: seeing light, sensitivity to light, or blurred vision. Psychological: mild depression or anxiety. Whole body: fainting, lightheadedness, vertigo, poor balance, nausea, blackouts, fatigue, or dizziness. Also common: Slurred speech, sensitivity to sound, irritability, black eye, ringing in the ears, bruising, or vomiting.
Concussion treatment
Specialists'
Radiologist:Uses images to diagnose and treat disease within the body.
Physical medicine and rehabilitation: Restores function and quality of life to those with physical disabilities.
Sports Medicine: Treats and prevents sports and exercise injuries
Neurologist: Treats nervous system disorders
Pediatrician: provides medical care for infants, children, and teenagers
emergency Medicine Doctor: Treats patients in the emergency department
Concussion

Definition
A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that alters the way your brain functions.
Concussion Causes
Your brain has the consistency of gelatin. Its cushioned by casual jolts and bumps by a cerebrospinal fluid inside of your brain. A serious hit to your head, neck, or upper body can cause your brain to slide back and forth against the inside of your head. Car crashes and being violently can also cause brain injury. These serious injuries can affect brain function, usually for a brief period of time, and usually resulting in the symptoms of a concussion. A brain injury.
How Often They Happen
Most concussions happen in practices because you have more practices than games so there is more time to get a concussion in practice. But that is only for college and high school students, in the NFL the concussion or head injury rate raises.
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