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Sephardic Jews from 1400-1700

The Spanish Expulsion and Where Jews Went Afterwards
by

Shifra Kaufman

on 18 November 2016

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Transcript of Sephardic Jews from 1400-1700

The Spanish Expulsion
1391
1492
1654
anti-Jewish riots in Spain
King Ferdinand, Queen Isabella expel all Jews from Spain
1481
Spanish Inquisition
Jews expelled from Portugal
Dutch expelled from Recife
Conversos

Crypto-Jews

Marranos

New Christians
http://www.sephardicstudies.org/decree.html
1581
Jews move to Dutch colony of Recife, Brazil
Alhambra Decree / Edict of Expulsion:
La Rosa Enflorese : a Ladino song
Lost Jews in Spain reconnect to their Jewish roots after 600 years.
http://www.haaretz.com/jewish-world/jewish-world-features/hidden-for-generations-a-community-of-spanish-jews-explores-its-roots.premium-1.472206
(the converso benching)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-5cZIEEhTIo
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bendigamos
Isaac Luria moves to Tzfat
1569
"Sefirot"
songs - like Lecha Dodi
Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Northern Africa
Italy
Ottoman Empire
Jews move to:
Ghetto
Sephardic Synagogue
mix of Sephardi & Ashkenazi
Holland / Netherlands
(Amsterdam)
Rembrandt
Portuguese Synagogue
Rabbi Menashe
ben Israel
Jewish Quarter
Amsterdam
Jews joined "Mizrahi" (Eastern) Jews
dhimmi
protected minority religion
paid taxes
were allowed to live in peace
walls of Jerusalem
Gracia Mendes Nasi
1510-1569
1497
in Spain
(and Portugal)

after the
expulsion

Conversos in Portugal
To the New World
Recife Synagogue
First Jews arrive in New Amsterdam
Kabbalists
"sparks"
(non-Jewish painter)
An interesting modern article...
Bendigamos
religious freedom
Dome of the Rock
Thinking Question -
Why would someone do something like this for no personal gain and taking great personal risk?
First Jewish communities in North America
1. New Amsterdam
2. Newport, Rl
3. Philadephia, PA
4. Charleston, SC
5. Savannah, GA
**All of these were Spanish & Portuguese Jews looking for new homes in places with religious tolerance
Keeping their Culture and Jewish Practices Secretly
Don Isaac Abarbanel
Reconquista
1300s Barcelona Haggadah
Golden Age of Spain
Abraham Ibn Ezra
August 3,
1089-1164
Toledo Synagogue
Under Islam's rules, separate legal courts for
Muslim sharia
Christian Canon law
Jewish halakha law
Morocco
Essaouira
Jews= 40%
Jewish quarter (mellah)
synagogues and cemeteries
Caravan Trade and Business with Europe
Traditions
henna
Tunes and
Prayers
mimouna
clothing
Shema
Shir HaShirim
how to find a synagogue
In North America
Rabbi Abraham Saba
1440-1508
Torah commentary
December 24, 1496

King Manuel I of Portugal ordered:
1. all Jews expelled from Portugal
2. all Jewish children become Christians
3. all Hebrew books burned
Castille
Oporto
Fez
Italy
https://yaelleazagury.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/traje_de_berberisca.pdf
http://sefarad.org/sefarad/sefarad.php/id/29/

I am a Marrano: article by Anne Cardoza
The Last Marranos
Hidden Judaica inside a teapot
(modern re-creation)
https://playingintheworldgame.wordpress.com/2013/04/17/the-hidden-synagogue/

Jews move to Naples
welcomed by Kings of Naples

(Ferrante I & Alfonso II
Pope Alexander VI (Borja)
Jews were "permitted to lead their life, free from interference from Christians, to continue in their own rites, to gain wealth, and to enjoy many other privileges."
ignored the "Council of Basil"
"Jews can not be physicians to Christians"
Solomon of Udine
Venice
Ferrara
1533
Jews expelled from Naples
Duke Ercole II
3 famous family members:
Abraham Usque- founded a large printing business
Samuel Usque- historian
Solomon Usque- merchant of Venice & Ancona, and a poet - translated the poems of Petrarch into Spanish
Ashkenazic Synagogue
built 1541
synagogue
mellah
Tzur Mishelo: a Shabbat zemer
Using Music to React to What Happened to Them
start at 1:35
ruled (1520-1566)
Suleiman takes land in Persia, conquers Hungary, expands his empire
built by Samuel ha-Levi Abulafia, Treasurer to King Peter of Castile, in about 1356.
How would you decide where to go?
What are you looking for in a new home?
Rome
Abarbanel given a place at court
but later...
1555
Cum Nimis Absurdum
by Pope Paul IV
Full transcript