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Sephardic Jews from 1400-1700
Transcript of Sephardic Jews from 1400-1700
anti-Jewish riots in Spain
King Ferdinand, Queen Isabella expel all Jews from Spain
Jews expelled from Portugal
Dutch expelled from Recife
Jews move to Dutch colony of Recife, Brazil
Alhambra Decree / Edict of Expulsion:
La Rosa Enflorese : a Ladino song
Lost Jews in Spain reconnect to their Jewish roots after 600 years.
(the converso benching)
Rabbi Yitzchak Luria moves to Tzfat
Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Jews move to:
mix of Sephardi & Ashkenazi
Holland / Netherlands
Jews joined "Mizrahi" (Eastern) Jews
protected minority religion
were allowed to live in peace
walls of Jerusalem
Gracia Mendes Nasi
Conversos in Portugal
To the New World
First Jews arrive in New Amsterdam
"Or Ein Sof / "tzimtzum"
An interesting modern article...
Dome of the Rock
Thinking Question -
Why would someone do something like this for no personal gain and taking great personal risk?
First Jewish communities in North America
1. New Amsterdam
2. Newport, Rl
3. Philadephia, PA
4. Charleston, SC
5. Savannah, GA
**All of these were Spanish & Portuguese Jews looking for new homes in places with religious tolerance
Keeping their Culture and Jewish Practices Secretly
Don Isaac Abarbanel
1300s Barcelona Haggadah
Golden Age of Spain
Abraham Ibn Ezra
Under Islam's rules, separate legal courts for
Christian Canon law
Jewish halakha law
Jewish quarter (mellah)
synagogues and cemeteries
Caravan Trade and Business with Europe
how to find a synagogue
In North America
Rabbi Abraham Saba
December 24, 1496
King Manuel I of Portugal ordered:
1. all Jews expelled from Portugal
2. all Jewish children become Christians
3. all Hebrew books burned
I am a Marrano: article by Anne Cardoza
The Last Marranos
Hidden Judaica inside a teapot
Jews move to Naples
welcomed by Kings of Naples
(Ferrante I & Alfonso II
Pope Alexander VI (Borja)
Jews were "permitted to lead their life, free from interference from Christians, to continue in their own rites, to gain wealth, and to enjoy many other privileges."
ignored the "Council of Basil"
"Jews can not be physicians to Christians"
Jews expelled from Naples
Duke Ercole II
3 famous family members:
Abraham Usque- founded a large printing business
Samuel Usque- historian
Solomon Usque- merchant of Venice & Ancona, and a poet - translated the poems of Petrarch into Spanish
Tzur Mishelo: a Shabbat zemer
Using Music to React to What Happened to Them
start at 1:35
Suleiman takes land in Persia, conquers Hungary, expands his empire
built by Samuel ha-Levi Abulafia, Treasurer to King Peter of Castile, in about 1356.
How would you decide where to go?
What are you looking for in a new home?
Abarbanel given a place at court
Cum Nimis Absurdum
by Pope Paul IV
1553: Inquisition Burns the Talmud
memorial plaque on the street where they burned it
Rabbi Yitzchak Luria - the "Ari"
Rabbi Yosef Karo - the Beit Yosef
Rabbi Moshe Alshich
independance from Spain