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Orange Elephant Ear Sponge

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by

Matthew Crumpton

on 12 May 2014

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Transcript of Orange Elephant Ear Sponge

Orange Elephant Ear Sponge
Agelas clathrodes
Domain: Eukaryote
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
Class: Demospongiae
Order: Agelasida
Family: Agelasidae
Genus: Agelas
Species: Agelas clathrodes
Reproduction and Food Sources
Reproduction happens once a year during the end of July
Spawning event
Can reproduce in two ways:
1. Sexual - Hermaphrodites
2. Asexual
Filter eaters; use their pores to eat small ocean particles
Why are they important?
http://deepbluehome.blogspot.com/2012/04/oyster-eggs.html
http://thephylumporiferaproject.wikispaces.com/Orange+elephant+ear+sponge+(Agelas+clathrodes)
http://www8.nos.noaa.gov/onms/Park/Parks/SpeciesCard.aspx?refID=4&CreatureID=1343&pID=9
http://movies.disney.com/finding-nemo
http://www.gettyimages.com/creative/giant-elephant-ear-stock-photos
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agelas_clathrodes
http://animals.pawnation.com/sea-sponges-eat-1790.html
Where is this found?
Mainly found in the Carribean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Coast of Florida
Thrives in tropical areas
Lives with-in 35ft. -130ft. below sea level
Can grow up between 2-6ft in length and 1-1.5 inches in width.
3 textures:
Rounded
Lobated
Indented
Importance to humans...
1990, scientist discoved speacial cells that the sponges released were helpful to cancer research.
2010, MIT researchers found a way to extract the cells. Unknown if they are actually beneficial.
Ecological Importance...
Help provide small fish with a secure hiding place to hide from predators.
Also act as nurseries for fish to lay eggs and breeding grounds
References
Full transcript