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chapter 29: the Vietnam war era 1954-1975
Transcript of chapter 29: the Vietnam war era 1954-1975
Southeast Asia ( Vietnam ) did not attract the attention of America until the 1960s.
American involvement had its roots in European colonialism, coldwar politics, and Vietnam call for national independence.
Origins of the Vietnam War
With no debate and ony 2 senators voting against Johnson and congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution- authorize the president "to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the united states and to prevent futher aggression".
The new power gave Johnson to send troops to S. Vietnam and attack N. Vietnam at war without going to congress and asked their permission of declaration of war.
Congress gives Johnson Brand Military powers
1800s, France military forces controlled Indochina- peninsula that included Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos.
The french had controlled Vietnam's large rice and rubber plantations, minerals wealth, and imported high taxes.
Ho Chi Minh- Born in 1890, became the most important voice demanding independence. got involved in anti- French organization and fled Vietnam in 1912.
He traveled to America, London,, Paris, and Moscow writing abut Vietnam. He embraced Communism and eventually Soviets came to his cry of help.
France rules Indochina in Southeast Asia.
France controlled Vietnam until WWII, then Japan controlled Vietnam, after the war France controlled Vietnam again however WWII had strengthened nationalist movements and weaken the economy and military positions.
President Truman had aided France in order for to keep an alliance.
Truman after the communist civil war in China Truman had giving all support to Vietnam (1950-1954 U.S. had contributed bout 2.4 billion dollars).
Th French Battle Natinalism and Communism
The Domino Theory and Dien Bien Phu
Dwight D. Eisenhower followed Truman politics in Vietnam.
Domino Theory- if Vietnam fell to Communism then its neighbor to will fall (Japan, Philippines, and Australia).
1954, Vietnam trapped a french garrison at Dien Bien Phu- a military base in N.W Vietnam for 55 days. During those days Vietnam troops destroyed the french airstrip, supply lines, and dug trenches to attack key French position.
May 7 1954, suffering 15,000 casualties France surrendered.
France granted Vietnam's independence. It was then divided in two, N. Vietnam= communist and S. Vietnam= anti-communist gov.
By: Basilio Gonzalez, Earlyn Hernandez, and Eric