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natalie mikhael

on 20 October 2015

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Will usually play some role in the committing of a crime e.g. Drug, property, embezzlement for self-profit.

White-collar crimes are a good example of criminal activity being driven by greed and self-interest rather than by underlying factors.
Social Factors

E.g. A person brought up in an abusive home may have experienced trauma and this may affect future decisions
Psychological Factors
Political Factors
Offences against the sovereign/state are likely to have some political influence. However, some public order offences, such as riots or intense protests, may also have political aspects, especially in situations where public political protests become intense.

Of course protesting itself is not an illegal activity; only when public disorder is involved

Terrorism-related offences are the most extreme political offence
Economic Factors
People from disadvantaged backgrounds are more likely to commit crimes e.g. statistics released by the AIC show that 33% of male and 50% of female offenders receive a welfare or government payment as their
main source of income.

Poor education and lack of skills will often be closely related to economic factors, with such criminals often habitually unemployed and unskilled.
- Measure the criminal's head to see if there was any physical characteristics to pick people as potential criminals
Genetic Theories
Phsychological, Social & Self-Interest
Economic & Political Factors
Numerous theories have been developed to attempt to explain criminal behaviour, some less convincing than others.

The scientific study of crime and criminal behaviour is known as
Factors affecting criminal Behaviour
psychological factors

social factors


economic factors

political factors

genetic theories

Psychological or pathological factors will often be relevant to the commission of an offence, with many forms of mental illness affecting a person’s behaviour.

The accused state of mind will be raised by the prosecution or defence during a criminal trial.

Psychological factors can affect the sentencing.
May include their family situation or personal relationships
Social groups that people associate themselves with will influence a person's attitudes and views of acceptable behaviour
Testing DNA
- comparing criminals DNA to see if there is one common gene that can predict criminal behaviour
N.B. None of these studies are conclusive
Phrenology & Testing DNA

Testing DNA
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