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THE GOLDEN AGE OF RADIO

History 12 presentation
by

Alice Thornburgh

on 19 May 2010

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Transcript of THE GOLDEN AGE OF RADIO

Franklin Delano Roosevelt - Born 1882, Hyde Park, NY
- Attended Harvard and Columbia law school
- Married Eleanor Roosevelt in 1905
- Elected to NY senate in 1910
- Was Asst. Secretary of Navy under Wilson
- Contracted polio in 1921 at age 39
- Elected governor of NY in 1928
- Elected President in 1932, re-elected 4 times
- Died in office in 1945 of a cerebral hemorrhage The Golden Age of Radio The Invention of the Radio Guglielmo Marconi is credited with the
invention of the radio. 1864 James Clark Maxwell, radio wave theorem 1888 Heinrich Hertz, Augusto Righi, Temistocle
Calzecchi-Onesti experimented and improved on
Maxwell's theory 1894 Oliver Lodge improves on Hertz and Righi Alexander Popov and antennae FDR AND THE RADIO Roosevelt was very concerned about the image of his disability. He never appeared publicly in the wheelchair Even people who saw him often didn't know the extent of his disease How was this possible? Using the new media The radio was just gaining
popularity in the 1930s FDR used the new technology to speak directly
to the people with his Fireside Chats. The popularity of the radio was boostered, as well as the president's. FDR's style of news
A president as a friend fireside chats 1st one delivered 8 days after inauguration 39 broadcast during FDR's presidency Americans found new unity through listening to evening broadcasts Inspiring, bolstering, and comforting First communication directly between the President and the entire nation A presentation by erin hayden and alice thornburgh Ship-to-Shore to Living Room Floor War of the Worlds soundbite Centralized American culture of the 20th century What Radio Meant to Americans First major use of radio was for navigation at sea Continous-wave radio signals (early 20th c.) 1900-1917 Ham radio. Local and open transmissions. 1914-1918 WWI, radio taken over by government/civilian use suspended 1919-1922 return of civilian radio 1919-1929- development of national networks supported by advertising Transportation Urbanization National bureaucratic organizations Networks/Advertising Concentrated sources of media/entertainment Shift of focus from private to public Mass production Offered a personal aspect to an increasingly impersonal society Provided a uniform and available source of information and entertainment Directly connected individuals to public life By 1939 90% of American families owned a radio War of the Worlds October 30, 1938
An episode of Orson Welle's series Mercury Theatre on the Air A fictional report of an alien invasion from Mars Of six million listeners about one million believed the broadcast was real and broke out into a dramatic reaction Demonstration of mass hysteria and the influence of radio Reactions to the event reexamined the role of radio and the blind faith of a lost America
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