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Transcript of Adverbs
Phrases Kinds of
Adverbs Adverbs are words that modify:
another adverb Adverbs often tell when, where, why, or under what conditions something happened.
Adverbs frequently in -ly. He drove slowly. (Verb)
He drove a very fast car. (Adjective)
She moved quite slowly down the aisle. (Adverb) Examples: - are group of words containing a subject and the verb acts as an adverb (modifying the verb of the sentence) Example: When this class is over, we're going to the movies. ADVERBIAL CLAUSES - are group of words that DO NOT contain a subject and the verb acts as an adverb ADVERBIAL PHRASES PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES - frequently have adverbial functions (telling place and time, modifying the verb) EXAMPLES: He went to the movies.
She works on holidays.
They lived in Canada during the war. INFINITIVE PHRASES - can also act as adverbs (usually telling why) EXAMPLES: She hurried to the mainland to see her brother.
The senator ran to catch the bus. Walk faster if you want to keep up with me.
The student who reads fastest will finish first. Like adjectives, adverbs can have comparative and superlative form to show degree. EXAMPLES: We often use MORE and MOST, LESS and LEAST
to show degree with adverbs. EXAMPLES: With sneakers on, she could move more quickly among the patients.
The flowers were the most beautifully arranged creations I've ever seen.
She worked less confidently after her accident.
That was the least skillfully done performance I've seen in years. The as ---- as construction can be used to create adverbs that express likeness or equality. EXAMPLES: He can't run as fast as his sister. Adverbs often functions as INTENSIFIERS. 3 different functions of an intensifier: EMPHASIZE I really don't believe him.
She simply ignored me.
AMPLIFY The teacher completely rejected their proposal.
They heartily endorsed the new restaurant. DOWNTONERS I kind of like this college.
His mother mildly disapproved his actions. EXAMPLES: ADVERB OF
MANNER - tells us HOW the action was performed. She moved slowly and spoke quietly.
The little girl ran quickly. ADVERB OF
PLACE - indicates WHERE something happened. EXAMPLES: My passport is inside my bag.
She lives on an island. ADVERB OF
FREQUENCY - tells us how often something is done EXAMPLE: I pay my rent monthly.
She goes out occasionally. ADVERB OF TIME - tells us WHEN something happened. EXAMPLES: She left early.
I'm going to the mall later. KINDS OF
CLAUSES ADVERB OF
PURPOSE She drives her boat slowly to avoid hitting the rocks.
She shops in stores to get the best buys. ADVERB OF DEGREE You are not as clever as you think you are.
He is as modest as he is as brilliant. ADVERB OF
CONDITION If I have the time, I will show you the cellar after the shift.
I will come with you provided my suit is back from the dry cleaners. ADVERB OF
REASON We were forced to abandon the match because the skies opened up.
Since it is your birthday, you can sit in front.