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Sharpies and Permanent Markers

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Jane Loney

on 2 January 2014

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Transcript of Sharpies and Permanent Markers

Sharpies and Permanent Markers
By Jane Loney
Period 3
1/2/14
The History of the Sharpie
The Function of the Sharpie
Major Materials in the Permanent Marker
Why These Materials?
Origin of One of the Materials
The Sharpie (permanent marker) was invented by the Sanford Ink Company in 1964.

This Company had multiple locations around the United States of America.
Over time, the permanent marker has gained multiple new colors. When it was first invented, it had only black, but now the Sharpie has a total of 39 different colors.
The purpose of the Sharpie/permanent marker is to write on surfaces such as wood, paper, metal, and glass and write just like a pen.
The three main materials in a permanent marker are plastic, felt and ink.
The ink is so that the user can write in multiple colors, just like a pen.
The felt is used as the tip of the marker.
The plastic is used in a casing for the ink, and is connected to the felt tip.
The ink in permanent markers is made out of a colorant (a dye or pigment), a solvent (alcohol that dries the ink by evaporating once put on a surface), a resin (a polymer that is similar to glue), and linseed oil, which comes from flax seeds and is mixed with the colorant.
3 Hole Paper Notebook. 2013. Photograph. Wayfair LLCWeb. 30 Dec 2013. <http://

www.wayfair.com/3-hole-paper-notebook-th.html>.

I used the picture of the notebook paper from this website.


"BALL PEN INKS." Hi-Shine. Hi-Shine. Web. 27 Dec 2013. <http:// www.hishineinks.com/

msds_bp.htm>.


Felt-Tip Marker . 2013. Photograph. Good HousekeepingWeb. 30 Dec 2013. <http://

www.goodhousekeeping.com/home/stain-buster/stains-felt-marker-may07>.

I used the picture of the permanent markers form this website.


Greene, Brian. Midnight Blue Fountain Pen Ink . 2013. Photograph. Office Supply Geek. Web. 30

Dec 2013. <http://officesupplygeek.com/ink-review/blue/midnight-blue-fountain-pen-ink-by-

papier-plume-in-new-orleans/>.

I used the picture of the ink from this website.


Green, William. "Early History of the Sharpie Marker." The Sharpie Stories. William Green. Web.

27 Dec 2013. <http://www.thesharpiestories.com/sharpie-history/>.


Grieve, M.. "Flax." A Modern Herbal. Botanical.com, n.d. Web. 31 Dec 2013. <http://

www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/f/flax--23.html>.


"HDPE High Density Polyethyelene." UL Ides. UL Udes, n.d. Web. 30 Dec 2013. <http://

www.ides.com/pm/HDPE.asp>.


Iluvjesse, . Sharpie. 2013. Photograph. fanpop!Web. 30 Dec 2013. <http://www.fanpop.com/clubs/

sharpies/images/413771/title/sharpie-photo>.

I used the picture of the sharpies from this website.




Bibliography
The purpose of the ink is for the user to be able to write in different colors, just like a pen.
The purpose of the felt is to have a tip for the marker that allows the ink to come out at a moderate pace.
The purpose of the plastic is to have a comfortable case for the marker that prevents the ink from coming out anywhere but the tip.
Bibliography Continued
McGraw-Hill. "Ink." McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology. 9th. New York: 2002.


"Permanent Markers: General Information." Background Information. Background Information.

Web. 27 Dec 2013. <http://www.odec.ca/projects/2008/chau8v2/info.html>.

"Plastic Properties of High Density Polyethylene (HDPE)." Dynalab Corp Supplying Science and

Education. Dynalab Corp, n.d. Web. 30 Dec 2013. <http://www.dynalabcorp.com

technical_info_hd_polyethylene.asp>.


"Polyethylene." All About Plastic Moulding. D&M Plastics Inc., n.d. Web. 30 Dec 2013. <http://

www.plasticmoulding.ca/polymers/polyethylene.htm>.


"Safety Data Sheet for Linseed Oil." Safety Data Sheet. N.p., 10 Feb 2010. Web. 28 Dec 2013.

<http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic993183.files/Linseed-Oil_MSDS.pdf>.


Sharpie Ultra Fine Point Permanent Markers . 2013. Photograph. Couponing101.comWeb. 30

Dec 2013. <http://www.couponing101.com/amazon-12-sharpie-ultra-fine-point-permanent

markers-only-4-38-reg-15-49/>.

I used the picture of the sharpie from this website.


"Stain Devils Ballpoint Ink & Felt Tip." SAFETY DATA SHEET. N.p.,15 Jun, 2007. Web. 28 Dec,

2013. <http://www.dr-beckmann.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/SDevils-Ink-Felt-Tip.pdf>.





The ink is not flammable, not toxic, and it has very low acidity, which makes it safe. The ink also has a high boiling point (349 degrees Celsius), so it can withstand high temperatures. The ink can be many different colors depending on the dye used, and ink has low sensitivity to light which make it permanent.
Bibliography Continued

"The History of Pigments." Winsor & Newton. Winsor & Newton , n.d. Web. 31 Dec

2013. <http://www.winsornewton.com/about-us/our-history/history-of-pigments/>.


The Spectator, . "History of Sharpies." The Spectator. The Spectator, 15 Oct 2007.

Web. 27, Dec 2013. <http://www.spectatornews.com/showcase/2007/10/15/

history-of-sharpies/>.


Vitolo, Joe. "Acid & Alkaline Levels." . Joe Vitolo. Web. 27 Dec 2013. <http://

www.iampeth.com/text_docs/Acidity of inks.pdf>.

The felt tips are not toxic or acidic, which makes them safe to use. Also, it is not sensitive to light, and it does not oxidize, which keeps the tip from drying out. The felt also allows the ink to be efficiently delivered to the surface.
The plastic casing does not oxidize, and it is strong, so it will not be easily damaged. Also, it is not sensitive to light so the marker will last for a long time. Also, the plastic is not toxic or acidic and it has a high melting point, making it safe for the user.
Dyes and pigments (the colorant) were first used by cavemen over 15,000 years ago to create drawings, but since it was so long ago, the first actual location of dyes being used is unknown.
Flax seeds (linseed oil) is cultivated in many parts of the world, and it has been cultivated for a long time, so the geographical origin of flax seeds is unknown
The solvent and resin in ink are not natural resources (they are chemicals), so they have no real geographic origin
Full transcript