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The Journey Through the Middle East

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Lisa Bishop

on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of The Journey Through the Middle East

The Journey Through the Middle East
- Men and women hardly ever display any form of affection in public.

- At least an arm’s length when speaking to members of the opposite gender.

- Back slapping is common when having conversations between friends and family members.

- Male friends often walk holding hands or with their arms around each other.

Timing
- Middle Easterners view time as something flexible.

- Puts more emphasis on people and relationships rather than deadlines and keeping to set schedules.

Eye Contact
- Direct eye contact in usually the norm between members of the same gender and age.

- Indirect eye contact is usually the norm when speaking to elders and members of the opposite gender.

Family Life
Family Life
Nuclear or Extended Family
Divorce permitted in extreme cases
Husband primary provider
Husband has authority
Wife obeys her husband
Children respect their parents

Lisa Bishop
Aubrey Connaghan
Brittnie Richards
Brittany Stetson

Personal Space and Touching
Religion
- Is a faith centered in:
Scripture, worship, theology, and ethics
- Scripture:
Quran or Koran
- Worship:
Rendering of alms, the fast (Ramadan), annual pilgrimage, prayer (5 times a day, face Mecca)
Holidays:
Eid Al-Fitr (sugar festival)
Eid Al-Adha (sacrifice)
- Theology:
Concept of Allah (God) and his prophet Mohammed
- Ethics:
Follows a set pattern fixed by the Prophet
Don't eat pork
-Follows the 5 pilars of Islam (alms, pligrimage, fast, prayer, one god)
- The Middle East is part of the Muslim Culture.

- The culture tends to be centralized around the Islamic religion.

- Mohammed
Not divine person, prophet
Spiritual and psychological help
Epitome of Muslim behavior
Mecca- birthplace of Mohammed
Demographics
- Size:

A little smaller than the United States
(scholastic.com)

- Population:

246 million people

- Ethnic groups:

Arabs
Turks
Iranians
Kurds
Jews
Pakistanis
Armenians
Greeks
Migration
Communication and Learning Styles
- High context culture

Relationship
Group
Intuition & feelings
Time is fluid
Informal & indirect

- Communication

Work in groups
Avoid change (know what's happening)
Superior has power
Women have no power
Egypt
Iraq
Kuwait
Lebanon
Lybia
Saudi Arabia
Power Distance
Individualism
Masculinity
Uncertainty
Avoidance
Gregg (2005)
Misconceptions
- Terrorists
- Hijabs for women
- Polygamists (not widely practiced)
- Rebellious

Teaching Help (Parents)
- Cleanliness
No long nails
Breath
Odor
- Parents affectionate w/reasonable expectations
- Education important (Islamic education)
- Men work, not necessarily women
- No obnoxious laughing (don't snort!)
- Not supposed to bully (respect others)
- Talk with respect and honor
Contributions

- Improved & introduced chess
- Calligraphy
- Astronomy (Ptolemy)
-Algebra
-Established Hospitals

•http://www.iium.edu.my/deed/articles/family_islam/ch04.html
•http://www.al-islam.org/islam_faith_practice_history/34.htm
Teaching Help (Students)
-Don't talk back & look in the eye
-Don't address their parents by first name
-Respect
Corrections
Calling out
Avoid negativity of beliefs
Timeline
1000 BC
Monotheistic emerge
570-632
Life of Mohammed
11-13th c.
Crusades
1993
Israel has right to exist
May 21, 1996
UN allows Iraq to sell oil
1922-1971
Gaining independence
500-400 BC
Alexander the Great claims Middle East
History
References
Afghanistan - Culture, Customs & Etiquette. (n.d.). Country Guides to Culture, Etiquette, Customs & more!. Retrieved October 8, 2013, from http://www.culturecrossing.net/basics_business_student.php?id=1
'Contributions.' Retrieved from: http://www.mitchellteachers.org/WorldHistory/RiseofIslam/ContributionsofMuslimstoWorldCivilization.html.

Kublin, Hyman. "Background: Middle East." Scholastic Teachers. Ed. Arthur C. Turner. Scholastic Inc., 2013. Web. 08 Oct. 2013.

"Net Migration Rate - Middle East." Net Migration Rate by Country. Index Mundi, 2012. Web. 29 Sept. 2013.

"State Profiles." The Arab American Institute. Arab American Institute, 2013. Web. 01 Oct. 2013.

"THE HOFSTEDE CENTRE." Arab World. ITIM, n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2013.

'Timeline.' Retrieved from: http://library.thinkquest.org/3526/facts/timeline.html.




Ahmad, K. (n.d.). Family Life in Islam. Retrieved from: http://www.iium.edu.my/deed/articles/family_islam/ch04.html

Al-Kaysi, M.I. (1986). Morals and Manners in Islam: A guide to Islamic Adab. Leicester: The Islamic Foundation.

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