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Transcript of Interpreting Dreams
and Breanna Honig Interpreting Dreams Ancient Interpretation 19th Century Interpretation
and Philosophers Since Then Modern Sleep Psychology The Beginning Modern Sleep Psychology STAGE 5 http://www.dreammoods.com/commondreams/ Examples of Dream Interpretation - a series of images, ideas, emotions, and sensations occurring involuntarily in the mind during the REM stage of sleep Everyone Dreams http://www.doctoroz.com/videos/what-are-your-dreams-telling-you-pt-1 We spend 2 hours a night dreaming,
approximately 6 years of our life. They can last from it means they are not dreaming When someone is snoring 5 to 20 minutes shrews, and opossums. These activities have also been found in some birds and reptiles Brain activity, similar to the type found in humans during sleep, has been recorded
for many other mammals that have been studied so
far: these include monkeys, dogs, elephants, REM sleep on experiences during a period of sleep Dream recall is not related to the amount of recall dreams reflects a repression or denial of personal experiences Evidence suggests that an inability to Stage 4 Stage 3 Stage 2 Stage 1 This stage is the lightest stage of sleep. Characterized by the act of drifting
in and out of sleep school class presentations. This stage can be experienced during extremely boring high This is the longest stage of sleep During this part of sleep electrical
activity in the brain begins
to slow Transition stage between
light and deep sleep Brain waves are slow and no consistent
eye movement or muscle activity is present The first stage of deep sleep This stage generally lasts about
30 minutes This stage is also called the REM
stage of sleep a period during the normal sleep cycle. Characterized
by rapid movement of the eyes; accelerated respiration and heart rate, increased brain activity, and muscle relaxation. REM (Rapid Eye Movement) Sleep- This is the stage during which dreaming
occurs. The REM stage is the 5th and last stage
of sleep. STAGES Of SLEEP The mid 20th century was the first time scientific research was used to study dreams objectively He was a physiology professor at the University of Chicago and known as the first "sleep psychologist". Nathaniel Kleitman In September of 1953 Kleitman and one of his students monitored the action of
REM in sleeping infants. They associated these eye movements with the
accelerated and irregular functions of the brain, heart, and
respiratory system during sleep. They also discovered that brain waves during REM sleep are as active as when the person is awake; in order to measure brain activity an electroencephalogram (EEG) which electrically records the activity of brain waves If you are awakened during REM sleep
it is most likely that you will remember your dream, at least for a short time. In 1959, Kleitman and another one of his students refined the process of recording brain activity during an entire sleeping period. Their research was conducted using humans- Kleitman used himself and his family going as far as recording the sleeping patterns of his two daughters from infancy to college- and animals such as newborn kittens and chicken embryos inside their eggs. From their research they discovered: Two distinct sleeping states (one with dreams, one without) Dreaming decreases with age. Dreams can occur even before memory develops Dreaming occurs in the most primitive part of the brain. Dreaming is essential to life. During the experiment if human subjects were awakened just as they were starting the REM stage, before they started to dream, they had alarming psychotic symptoms, necessitating an early ending to the experiment. Mesopotamia The Mesopotamians believed that dreams came from the Underworld. They thought dreams delivered a
warning of impending doom. An example of this is the hero of their "Great Flood" story learned of the flood from a dream. Oneiromancy- interpretation of dreams in order to foretell the future- was an established practice. Mesopotamians shared similar views and interpretation techniques as Egyptians. Biblical Examples Dreams are a primary way God communicates His will. One example of both ancient dream interpretation and a time when God communicated his will through a dream was, in the Old Testament, when Joseph foretells of seven years of plenty for Egypt followed by seven years of famine, by interpreting Pharaoh's dream. Greek and Roman Dreams were seen as the primary way that gods communicated with men; that men might learn of the future In most epics, the Hero benefits from Oneiromancy to achieve their goals/quests. Dreams were highly regarded by philosophers because:
-Dreams of good men are pure and prophetic
-When sleeping a mans soul is free Professional interpreters were created in these civilizations. They practiced Incubation to obtain dreams of divine origin
-Slept in Temple of the respective god they need the assistance of. German writer, who observed dreams and and kept a diary on his experiments, using his own dreams. Jean-Paul Alfred Maury He wrote a book called Sleep and Dreams (1861), it was about the link between dreams and the mentally ill, as well as the images during the intermediate stages between waking and sleeping, and the hallucinations of the mentally ill. He also worked with F.W. Hildebrandt on the theory that dreams are caused by "external stimuli". He performed experiments on his and Maury's theory, using his own dreams. He discovered that neither external or internal stimuli cause the dream itself but could cause the pretext of the dream. F.W. Hildebrandt He was an Austrian neurologist who later became known as the "Father of Psychoanalysis". His theory of dreaming was that our dreams are the reflections of our deepest desires. This shows that he believed dreams are very important and are more than just entrainment. Sigmund Freud When dreaming there are no boundaries and our brains make very broad connections that bring together several unrelated things, both from the day before and the more distant past. Whether these seemingly random connections mean something is still highly debated. During the REM stage of sleep your body goes into a minor state of paralysis.