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The Pacific Coast First Nations

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Ella Brooke

on 5 May 2015

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Transcript of The Pacific Coast First Nations

*They ate: salmon, halibut,clams,periwinkles,abalones,
mussels,oysters,crabs,seaweeds,shellfish, whales, e.t.c
*In season they would gather berries
*Salmon was their main source of food
*The Pacific ocean provided many different seafood for them to eat
*Nets,harpoons,hooks were weapons in order to catch fish
*Oil was very important to their diet and provided a lot of fat
*After the fish was eaten, the fish was sent to a smoke house to be preserved in the winter seasons
*Many foods were preserved for the winter seasons

*They didn't wear much clothing because of the warm temperate climate
* If they did wear clothes they wore different capes during rain season
*The capes were made with a hole for the head and a piece of fur around the hole
*The Pacific Coast Nations most woman wore only short fringed skirts made of cedar bark
*The woman skirts were lightweight and cool, and dried quickly if the woman was caught out in the rain
*The man wore either nothing at all or, if they were fishing in the rain a protective cape woven from cattails or cedar bark

*The west coast had moderate temperatures
*The Pacific Coast people lived in an area with many mountains
*They lived on the coastal line of the Pacific Ocean
*There were many cedar, spruce and fir trees
*Summers were cool and winters were wild and wet
*Land wasn't good for farming
*There was an endless supply of freshwater fish, saltwater fish, and sea mammals such as seals and whales
*Fishing and whaling was more dangerous during the summer
Natural Environment
*Cedar was used to build homes
*The Nookta, Bella Coola and the Salish built different homes for mobile dwelling
*The outer walls can be detached and re-built
*The inside of these houses were quite large
*Their sleeping arrangements were place close to the walls
*Each family would have their own pit to cook
*They sat on mats which were woven from cedar bark
*Clan crests were carved into the tops and side of the walls

Traditions and Customs
The Pacific Coast First Nations
Creators: Lauren, Julio, Angela
Canada Map Slide
The Pacific Coast First Nation lived along Southern British Columbia
Way of Life
Way of life
Decorative Mask worn by the Pacific Coast First Nations
~The Pacific Coast First Nations ranked every family(from nobles to commoners and to slaves)
~The oldest member who had the highest ranking in each family was known as the Chief
~As a whole tribe, each family claimed a different site area to hunt and build their homes
~The village chief was the person who was the chief of the most important and influential family
~As a village chief his/her had more rights such as being able to hang specific things on totem poles and to be the first guest in ceremonies
~The village chief helped the slaves and the other elders
~The nobles usually organized special ceremonies during the winter

Social Structure
Some Clothing that was worn by the Pacific Coast First Nations
The Totem Pole
*The Pacific Coast peoples shared many myths for centuries
*The folktale which was told by the Haida was called "The Raven's Tale".
* Summary:
Centuries ago, when there was no connection with animals and humans, a mischievous raven planned to change that. This raven stole the sun from his grandfather to create the moon and stars, he created lakes and rivers which were scattered with fish. As he was placing all the animals into the ocean, he had created a human in a clam shell. Once it was raised to life, the raven gave the human the power to connect with humans. After that, the raven disappeared and was never seen again.
*The tale which was told by the Tsimshian was known as "Rebirth of a Corpse"
A long time ago, a very young boy died. Weeks later after mourning for days, this boy came back to life. He leaned on a stone and scattered berries around him. Suddenly, trees and crops started to grow, and islands were formed. The village was amazed but sooner or later he was gone.

~They believed in the salmon people and many other supernatural beings
~Shamans from all of the tribes made dramas, dances and mimes to catch fallen souls
~The potlach was a very important festival
~ It was a time where the chief gave out presents and food
~They danced, sang, and did plays during this festival
~The totem pole represented the ancestry of a tribe
~It was a way to mourn and commemorate a chief when he or she died
~The animals on a totem pole represented a characteristic belonging to that person or tribe
*They settled in one area because all of their food was already provided for them
*The Nookta, Bella Coola, and the Salish moved fishing sites every few months
*Like today, children learn their life skills at a very young age
*Kids would help their tribe and/or family with any work suited for their own gender
*Women had to catch shellfish and collect oil
*Men were typically the hunters and the canoe makers of the tribe
*In there spare time, they would usually play a game which was called the "Bone and Stick Gambling Game"

A village that belonged to the Kwakiuitl
*The Europeans arrived to Vancouver Island and disrupted the Pacific Coast First Nations lifestyle
*The Europeans made the First Nation Pacific Coast children believed in Christianity and go to a "white" school
*Instead of thinking about the whole group they only cared about themselves after the europeans arrived
*They were force to obey the European laws
*Europeans made Aboriginals reject the shamans' ways
*Were forced to start to speak English
*Forced to wear, eat and live differently
Full transcript