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Leadership Theories: Participative and Transformational Leadership
Transcript of Leadership Theories: Participative and Transformational Leadership
When we think of leadership, we often think of a group of people following one person; the leader. In this presentation, we will examine two leadership styles that challenge the traditional take on leadership; and discuss their similarities and differences. The two leadership theories we will discuss are Participative and Transformational.
Participative and Transformational Leadership
Role of the Leader
What it looks like
According to Chin ( 2007)
"...transformational leadership examines the relationship between leader and follower and considers that by engaging the higher needs of the followers, instead of merely working for the greater good, the followers become self actualizing and finally grow to be leaders themselves" (p. 166)
Role of the leader
Looks for potential in everyone
Is a role model
Spends time with individuals
Recognizes individual differences and strengths
Is an open book
What it looks like.
There is an obvious goal (it is clear what the team is working on and why.)
Everyone has a part in achieving that goal (based on their individual strengths and talents.)
Everyone can see how the goal will affect them for the better (this makes them want to combine their talents to work toward that goal and provides intrinsic motivation.)
Coutts (2010) says that, "Participative leadership is a style of leadership that involves all members of a team in identifying essential goals and developing procedures or strategies for reaching those goals. From this perspective, participative leadership can be seen as a leadership style that relies heavily on the leader functioning as a facilitator rather than simply issuing orders or making assignments" (para. 1).
University of Phoenix
Learning Team A
Kristen Pate, Doreen Franklin, Buena Lacno
Chin, J.M., (2007).
Meta-analysis of Transformational School Leadership
Effects on School Outcomes in Taiwan and the USA.
Retrieved from Eric database. (EJ 776335).
Coutts, L., (2010.).
Leadership in Organizations: Concepts and Theories.
Retrieved from http://blog.epsi-inc.com/2012/04/23/leadership-in-organizations-concepts-and-theories-3/
Hartzel. S., (2013).
Leading in Organizations
. Retrieved from http://education-
The leader presents a problem (something they want to work on) ←
The team brainstorms ideas (everyone's ideas are valued)
The team votes on the ideas (everyone feels involved) ←
Team members choose what job they do to reach the goal (some gaps may occur as this is not necessarily based on individual goals and strengths.
Involves people in decision making
Directs the project