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German Grammar

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by

E Fitzpatrick

on 21 October 2011

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Transcript of German Grammar

German Grammar Making the future tense in German In German, there are two ways to make the future tense. One way is to used the immediate future, another way is to use werden + infinitive (at the end). Flipping German occurs when you use a time
phrase. The verb is always the second 'idea' and
therefore cdomes straight after the time phrase.

eg. Jeden Tag gehe ich schwimmen.
Every day I go swimming.

Morgen sehe ich fern.
Tomorrow i watch TV. flipping german Infinitives An infinitive is usually the root of a verb add -en. It means 'to' something. eg.

to play=spielen
to go=gehen
to dance=tanzen

There are exceptions to this rule. eg.

to be=sein Cases Mit changes der, die and das to...

With the With a With my

Mit + die (f) Mit der Mit einer Mit meiner

Mit + der (m) Mit dem Mit einem Mit meiner
Mit + das (nt)

Mit + die (pl) Mit den...n n/a Mit meinen...n

comparatives Werden=will.

Like all the other verbs in German, you need to first know how to form
werden. Then we have to remember to put the infinitive at the end... Ich werde - I will
du wirst - You will
Er/sie/es wird - He/she/it will
wir werden - we will
ihr werdet - you (plural informal) will
Sie/sie werden - They/You (formal) will
Other things you could
use to imply the future...
Eg: Nächstes Wochenende möchte ich ein Tshirt kaufen, und ich werde auch neue Schulschuhe kaufen. - Next weekend I would like to buy a t-shirt and I will also buy new school shoes.


Eg: Ich will mit meinen Freunden nach Leeds fahren, aber ich darf nicht und muss mit meinen Eltern nach Skipton fahren. – I want to go to Leeds with my friends but I’m not aloud to and I must go to Skipton with my parents.


Eg: Ich hoffe viel Geld auszugeben und Handtaschen zu kaufen – I hope to spend lots of money and buy handbags.

Ich möchte – I would like (to) Ich will – I want (to)
Ich hoffe …….zu (infinitive) – I hope to making the Past tense in german Ich + habe + extra info + past participle (ge + STEM(-en) + t).

For example:
Ich habe Tennis gespielt. - I played tennis.
(spielen - spiel - ge+spiel+t= gespielt)

Ich habe Musik gehört - I listened to music.
(hören - hör - ge+hör+t=gehört) Stative = ich bin nett
I am nice.

Comparative = Frau Berry ist netter
Mrs Berry is nicer.

nett-netter-nett
The comaparative is the 'er' added to the end of the adjective! so ...
Adjective

alt

jung

hoch

kalt

kurz

lang Comparative

älter

jünger

höher

kürzer

länger

wärmer You can do this
for every adjective
but these are just
a few!
Full transcript