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Transcript of Ancient Greece
Emergence of City-States
Participated in olympics
Two major cities: Sparta and Athens
Contact with Egypt and Mesopotamia
Decline around 1400 B.C.
Did it really happen?
Decline due to sea raiders
The Iliad and the Odyssey
Geography of Greece
Hundreds of islands
Surrounded by water
The Peloponnesian War
Ruled by two kings and council of elders
Military training since childhood
Education= strong warrior
Aristocracy led to resentment
Education for males only
Spartan vs. Athenian Women
The Persian Wars
King Darius I demand's "earth and water"
Three major battles
Battle of Marathon
Battle of Thermopylae
Battle of Salamis
Result: Delian League
Athens Under Pericles
AKA Age of Pericles
Rebuilding of Athens
flourishing cultural life
Resentment towards Athens
Athens vs. Sparta
Result of the war
Ended Athens domination
"The unexamined life is not worth living"
Brought to trial
Jury condemned him to drink hemlock (poison)
Student of Socrates
3 classes: philosophers, soldiers, and workers
analyzed different government
single leader rule
Alexander the Great
Son of Philip II
Conquered the Persian Empire
Spread of Greek culture
Learning encouraged by Alexander
Science and technology