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Ancient Greece

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by

Shivani Patel

on 27 September 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece
Emergence of City-States
Polis
Governance
Monarchy
Aristocracy
Oligarchy
Independent city-states
Participated in olympics
Two major cities: Sparta and Athens
Conclusion
Successful traders
Contact with Egypt and Mesopotamia
Polytheistic religion
Decline around 1400 B.C.


Minoan Civilization
Mycenaean Civilization
Sea traders
Trojan War
Did it really happen?
Decline due to sea raiders
The Iliad and the Odyssey
Geography of Greece
Balkan peninsula
Hundreds of islands
Surrounded by water
Skilled sailors
City-states
The Peloponnesian War
Dorians
Ruled by two kings and council of elders
Military training since childhood
Education= strong warrior
Isolation
Independent women
Sparta
Athens
Aristocracy led to resentment
Reformers
Solon
Pisistratus
Cleisthenes
Limited rights
Education for males only
Dependent women
Spartan vs. Athenian Women
The Persian Wars
King Darius I demand's "earth and water"
Three major battles
Battle of Marathon
Battle of Thermopylae
Battle of Salamis
Result: Delian League
Athens Under Pericles
AKA Age of Pericles
Rebuilding of Athens
Direct democracy
Jury system
flourishing cultural life
Resentment towards Athens
Peloponnesian League
Athens vs. Sparta
Result of the war
Ended Athens domination
"The unexamined life is not worth living"
Brought to trial
Jury condemned him to drink hemlock (poison)
Socrates
Student of Socrates
The Republic
3 classes: philosophers, soldiers, and workers
Aristotle
Plato's student
analyzed different government
single leader rule
Alexander the Great
Son of Philip II
Greece control
Conquered the Persian Empire
Spread of Greek culture
Hellenistic Civilization
Learning encouraged by Alexander
Alexandria, Egypt
Science and technology
Greek Achievements
Architecture
Theater
Poetry
Plato
Full transcript