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Equity Issues in Fitness and Activity: Race, Gender, and SES
Transcript of Equity Issues in Fitness and Activity: Race, Gender, and SES
and Activity: Race, Gender,
and SES BY: Donell Babino Overview In 2009–2010, 35.7% of U.S. adults were obese and approximately 17% of children aged 2—19 years are obese.
It is apparent that gender, race, and socioeconomic factors play a role in recognizing the fitness and health crisis that exists today in the United States
Although each of these factors are dependent amongst one another; to get a better understanding on how these factors play a role it would to be easier to acknowledge each factor discretely and to better understand the affects of obesity Fact Traditionally, most of the research of fitness only catered to males and as a result of the negligence, females tend to be more at risk of being obese or overweight compared to their male counterparts. 1st Trend 2nd Trend 3rd Trend Start Currently there are three important trends in girls' physical-activity participation First, girls are participing in record numbers, from youth sport to interscholastic, action sports, and Olympic sports Girls' participation in moderate to vigorous physical activity outside of organized sports declines Girls' participation rates in all types of physical activity lags consistently behind those of boys and the dropout rates for sports are also higher than for boys. Ladies, why is this the case? (cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr (cc) photo by tudor on Flickr Socioeconomic Status: Fitness and Activity Equity Fitness levels and activity between different people can be used to recognize the relationship between fatness (a physical variable) and SES (a social variable).
SES determines how much resources are offered to a person and it is sometimes responsible for the limited environmental possibilities that are available to the public vs. Did you Know: The first automobile crash in the United States occurred in New York City in 1896, when a motor vehicle collided with a bicyclist. In 2008, 716 people were killed in bicycle accidents in the United States. In urban areas there is more crime, high-density housing with few open spaces, few recreation facilities, and working parents not supervising children In suburban areas: more open space, less density housing, relatively less crime, and more opportunities to help children get involved in their community Compared to their counterparts, residents of lower socioeconomic neighborhoods in urban areas are particularly at risk for health problems associated with physically inactive lifestyles Gender: Fitness and Activity Equity Race: Fitness and Activity Issues In the states shown, blacks had the highest race of obesity, followed by hispanics, and then whites. Greater rates of obesity for blacks and whites were found in the Midwest and South; among Hispanics, the highest rates were found in the southwest compared to other regions. Among blacks in 45 states and DC, the rate of obesity ranged from 23.0% to 45.1%, with a total of 40 states having an obesity rate of ≥30%, including 5 states (Alabama, Maine, Mississippi, Ohio, and Oregon) with a prevalence of ≥ 40%. Among Hispanics in 50 states and DC, the rate of obesity ranged from 21.0% to 36.7%, with 11 states having an obesity prevalence of ≥ 30%. Among whites in 50 states and DC, the rate of obesity ranged from 9.0% to 30.2%
First, racial and ethnic groups differ in behaviors that contribute to weight gain.
Second, there may be differences in individual attitudes and cultural norms related to body weight.
Third, there may be differences in access to affordable, healthful foods and safe locations to be physically active. (cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr Defintion:
Body mass index (BMI) is calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared, rounded to one decimal place. Obesity in adults is defined as BMI greater than or equal to 30 Solution
Consequently, they only way we could get out this structural problem as a whole nation would require public policy and programs for the solution. Siedentop, Daryl. Introduction to
Physical Education, Fitness
& Sport. 7th. New York, NY
Companies, Inc., 2009, 2007,
2004. 12,163, 219-221.
Print. References <bit.ly/wuTnfc> Example of these public policies incudes: Obesity Advocacy Coalition (OAC) and Let's Move! The ongoing struggle Americans have with the imbalance of fitness and physical activity is a process that will not change unless we act together Video: Girls not getting enough exercise Safe Riding Unsafe Riding BMI=kg/m^2 Three reasons may account for the racial and ethnic differences in obesity Obesity- CDC. "Compared with Whites, Blacks Had 51% Higher and Hispanics Had 21% Higher Obesity Rates." Centers For Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 05 Apr. 2010 Web. 14 Mar. 2012 Sidentop, Daryl. Introduction
to Physical Education,
Fitness & Sport. 7th.
New York, NY 10020:
Inc., 2009, 2007, 2004.
12,163, 219-221. Print References