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Tae Kwon Do
Transcript of Tae Kwon Do
May 10th, 2013 Tae Kwon Do:
The Training Tae Kwon Do:
The Philosophy Beliefs The Five Tenets of Tae Kwon Do Promotion Forms and Movements A Day in the Life of a
Tae Kwon Do Student The Three Rival Kingdoms:
Goguryeo, Silla, and Baekche Korean Independence:
The Rise of Tae Kwon Do Japanese Occupation Tae Kwon Do: The History Physically, students develop flexibility, speed, endurance, strength, and of course self-defense skills. 1. Forms
2. The breaking of boards to demonstrate power and control
3. Sparring and self-defense to demonstrate practical application and control of techniques
4. Physical fitness
5. Answering quesitons on terminology, concepts, and history to exhibit understanding Respect is often called the most important component of Tae Kwon Do. Students learn that respect to themselves, family, teachers, friends, and aquaintances is much more than any Tae Kwon Do move. The main philosophical goals of a Tae Kwon Do student can be summarized by its Five Tenets: The Joseon Dynasty
(1392-1910) Tae Kwon Do Today How does Tae Kwon Do influence and improve
one's daily life and philosophical outlook? Conclusion "If someone asked me what Tae Kwon Do is in one word, I would say, 'Tae Kwon Do is respect.'" -Senior Grandmaster Yoon "Practice doesn't make perfect. Perfect practice makes perfect." -Master Russell Aupied Thank You
For Watching! Music Credits:
Overture by Tan Dun Questions? Confucianism and Buddhism Why was Tae Kwon Do created in the first place? How do Tae Kwon Do students develop physically? How do Tae Kwon Do students develop mentally and emotionally? Tae Kwon Do may be a young art, but its history is ancient. During the 6th century AD, Korea was divided into three kingdoms which were constantly at war: (37 BC-558 AD) 18 BC-600 AD 57 BC-936 AD Chin Heung was the 24th King of Silla, the smallest and weakest kingdom. To protect Silla, he formed an elite group of male warriors in the early 7th century known as the Hwarang. The Hwarang's lives were dedicated to perfecting their skills and saving Silla. The Hwarang studied weapons and an unarmed form of combat known as Subak. Subak was primitive and used mostly foot techniques. With these skills and mentality, the Hwarang defeated both Goguryeo and Baekche, unifying the Korean peninsula into one country, Koryo. In the Koryo Dynasty (918-1392), martial arts became immensely popular. In fact, annual festivals were held in which winners were given high court offices. Chin Heung appointed Won Kang, a Buddhist monk and scholar, to take charge of Hwarang training. Won Kang created not only fine warriors, but also a way of thought for the Hwarang inspired by Buddhism. During the Joseon Dynasty, martial arts experienced a great downfall. Martial arts studies were eventually banned to all but the military. As the Hwarang fighting style was rooted in Buddhism, people lost interest in the art. Buddhism was the primary religion during the Koryo Dynasty. However, during the Joseon Dynasty, Confucianism became the main religion due to Chinese influence. Belts In 1910, Korea's military decline led to a Japanese takeover. Competitive sports and martial arts were outlawed to all but the Japanese military. However, due to peace treaties between Japan and Korea, Japanese martial arts such as Kendo, Judo, Karate, and Aikido were eventually taught in Korean schools. Once again, martial arts began to flourish in Korea. In 1945, Korea was liberated from Japan, allowing Korean martial arts to once again develop. On May 28th, 1973, the World Tae Kwon Do Federation was established at the Kukkiwon (headquarters) by Dr. Un Yon Kim. In April 1955, this unified art was named Tae Kwon Do. To simplify matters in 1955, a board of instructors, historians, and prominent society members unified all the schools. Within Korea, there were five major martial arts academies, also known as Kwans. Located in Seoul, South Korea, the World Tae Kwon Do Federation is a governing group which preserves Tae Kwon Do's history, controls testing requirements, and promotes Tae Kwon Do internationally. Tae Kwon Do has also been an Olympic sport since the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. Tae Kwon Do is now bigger than ever. It has been accepted internationally as both a sport and an art. Tae Kwon Do is also statistically the most popular martial art, with more than 5 million practitioners in the United States alone. Each day of practice, a student removes his or her shoes, bows to the school, then enters. Students are then organized into lines, bowing to their native flag, the Korean flag, the head instructor, and other assistant instructors. The routine is followed by basic warm-ups, then practice of movements. Meditation is often incorporated at the end of classes to relax the mind. Students then bow to their native flag, the Korean flag, and their instructors once more. Before leaving, they bow once more to the school. Like Subak, Tae Kwon Do uses mostly kicks. However, Tae Kwon Do incorporates other forms of self-defense much more than Subak. Moves practiced in Tae Kwon Do include kicks, hand strikes, blocks, stances, weapon offense and defense, sparring, breaking of boards, and forms. Degrees or levels of black belt can go up to 10th degree, but 10th degree is an extremely rare and honorable title for those who have dedicated their lives to Tae Kwon Do. 1st through 3rd degree are Instructor ranks, 4th degree is Master rank, and Grandmaster rank varies between 6th and 9th degree. Although belt levels differ slightly based on schools, they usually follow the basic outline of: White
Black To be promoted, students demonstrate their proficiency to higher-ranked teachers. Promotion tests vary from school to school, but usually include: Philosophy is a very important part of Tae Kwon Do. Tae Kwon Do is considered by practitioners a method to live by, as it translates to "The Way of the Fist and Foot." Fighting is not the focus of Tae Kwon Do, as practitioners learn that fighting should only be used as an absolutely necessary last resort. Focus is another important aspect of Tae Kwon Do. Tae Kwon Do uses ki hap in every move. Ki hap translates as "spiritual yell," the concentration of spiritual energy. 1. Courtesy
5. Indomitable Spirit Confucian influence accounts for the fact that Tae Kwon Do is perhaps the most rhythmic martial art. Every basic skill is performed in relation to the next motion, as is every Poomse. Although martial arts experienced a downfall in the Joseon Dynasty, the Chinese influence in Korea remained. Both Confucianism and Tae Kwon Do stress focus and discipline. In addition, both Tae Kwon Do and Confucianism represent change and flow of energy. The Taeguk Poomse techniques (main forms of Tae Kwon Do) are based on the Confucian Book of Change. 1. Be loyal to your king (of course, this was written in different context- Tae Kwon Do still stresses loyalty to one's country).
2. Be obedient to your parents.
3. Have honor and faith among friends.
4. Have perseverance in battle.
5. Never take a life without a cause. Buddhism is of course at the heart of Tae Kwon Do, as the Hwarang warriors learned from a Buddhist teacher. Buddhism stresses self-sacrifice, meditation, and spiritual concentration, which are also important aspects of Tae Kwon Do. Modern practitioners of Tae Kwon Do still follow the rules set forth by the Buddhist monk mentor of the Hwarang warriors: In conclusion, Tae Kwon Do teaches students more than violence, or even self-defense. Practitioners of the art learn that focus, respect, discipline, and harmony are essential to fulfilling lives. Tae Kwon Do is an art, a teaching, and a way of life.