Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Modernism

No description
by

Cheryl Lee

on 7 November 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Modernism

New inventions included the vacuum cleaner, air conditioning, plastic, radio broadcasting, & assembly lines

1908: Model T Ford

Lament of the Frontier Guard
By the North Gate, the
wind
blows full of
sand
,
Lonely
from the beginning of time until now!
Trees
fall, the
grass
goes
yellow
with
autumn
.
I climb the towers and towers
to watch out the barbarous land:
Desolate
castle, the
sky
, the wide
desert
.
There is
no wall
left to this village.
Bones white with a thousand frosts,
High heaps, covered with
trees
and
grass
;

And
sorrow
,
sorrow
like
rain
.
Sorrow
to go, and
sorrow
,
sorrow

returning
,
Desolate, desolate

fields,
And no children of warfare upon them,
No longer the men for offence and defence.
Ah, how shall you know the
dreary

sorrow
at the North Gate,
With Rihoku's name forgotten,
And we guardsmen fed to the tigers.

Modernism
1901-1950
Historical Context

Antique Act of 1906: allow President to create Historic Landmarks
Art Deco
Victrola appears
Tail End of Art Nouveou

Poets discovered
Poem
Modernism
Groups that were oppressed break free
Break of traditions; individualism is valued
Confusion; mass deaths
Rise of cities/technology
Questioned sense of self
Thought values of modern society were impersonal
Victorian vs. Modernism
Industrialization & Production: farmers' income & average income increased

Isolationist Attitude

Censorship: media & mail being censored

African Americans were treated more equally b/c of need

Women had to take over men's jobs
New Stuff
Representative Poet
Homefront WWII
Cheryl , Sarah V., Shamilka, Allegra
Childhood

education

Publishing

friends with Hemingway, F.Scott Fitzgerald etc...

depression, alcoholism, attempted suicide (poems show this too)

civil rights activist

Dorothy Parker
formally trained

discovered Ezra Pound and Gertrude Stein who played with traditional expectations of poetry

WWI

part of the Greenwich village scene, + Parisian

Picasso

played with form, punctuation, syntax, spelling
popular

e.e. cummings
Victorian
era of wealthy, white males; gender & race discrimination
Modernists embraced the unknowns of poetry vs. propriety of Victorian Era
formal training, structure, tradition
Patriarchal society in Victorian era

Major Themes:

By the North Gate, the wind blows full of sand,
Lonely from the beginning of time until now!
Trees fall, the grass goes yellow with autumn.
I climb the towers and towers
to watch out the barbarous land:
Desolate castle, the sky, the wide desert.
There is no wall left to this village.
Bones white with a thousand frosts,
High heaps, covered with trees and grass;
Who brought this to pass?
Who has brought the flaming imperial anger?
Who has brought the army with drums and with kettle-drums?
Barbarous kings.
A gracious spring, turned to blood-ravenous autumn,
A turmoil of wars-men, spread over the middle kingdom,
Three hundred and sixty thousand,
And sorrow, sorrow like rain.
Sorrow to go, and sorrow, sorrow returning,
Desolate, desolate fields,
And no children of warfare upon them,
No longer the men for offence and defence.
Ah, how shall you know the dreary sorrow at the North Gate,
With Rihoku's name forgotten,
And we guardsmen fed to the tigers.

Things to consider:
Erza Pound
war
love
disillusionment
nationalism
philosophy
fortitude
unpredictability
Censorship

Media self censoring with question: If I were the enemy, would I like to have this information?

“Reporters knew the war's biggest story—the coming atom bomb—two years in advance, and kept the secret”

“1942, 10,000 civil servants were reading and censoring a million pieces of mail weekly, especially those to or from POW's and other internees.”

20s
The Great Depression
Beginning of Great Depression: Stock Market Crash 1929
Farmers were also affected by dusts storms & drought (Dust Bowl)
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt established New Deal
End of Great Depression: bombing of Pearl Harbor & entrance into WWII

Harlem Renaissance

Urbanization

Lost Generation: (Hemingway, Stein, Fitzgerald)
vs. censorship of language and sexuality

Prohibition

Women
Suffrage! Ratified, 1920


WWI
1914-1918
Who
brought this to pass?
Who
has brought the
flaming
imperial
anger
?
Who
has brought the army with drums and with kettle-drums?
Barbarous kings.
A gracious
spring
, turned to blood-ravenous
autumn
,
A
turmoil
of wars-men, spread over the middle kingdom,
Three hundred and sixty thousand,
Purple
: questioning the reader
Teal:
who he is addressing.
Green
: nature
Red
: Themes of anguish
Green
: nature
Sorrow
: soldiers
Returning
: was absent for a time
Red
: themes of anguish
Red
: Themes of anguish
Green
: nature/distortion/vulnerability

T.S. Eliot

Formally educated

Spent much of his life in Europe

Moved to Italy --> became involved in Fascism

declared mentally ill


"[he] is more responsible for the twentieth-century revolution in poetry than is any other individual"
~T.S. Eliot
IMAGISM
Japanese and Chinese characters

image: “interpretative metaphor”

rhymes in order to:"compose in the sequence of the musical phrase, not in the sequence of the metronome."

They rythm of a poem, "corresponds exactly to the emotion or shade of emotion to be expressed."

Requirements:
"1) Direct treatment of the 'thing' whether subjective or objective

2) To use absolutely no word that did not contribute to the presentation

3) As regarding rhythm: to compose in sequence of the musical phrase, not in sequence of a metronome."
Langston Hughes
difficult childhood

Leader of Harlem Renaissance

used writing to voice concerns for race and social justice

blues & jazz

"Dream Deferred"
"I, Too, Sing America"
Setting up context for his complaint.
Thesis
Rihoku
Subject:
Speaker:



War
What do we learn about the nature of war from this poem?
Frontier guard
What is your interpretation of nature in this poem? Romanticism?
What does the line, 'barbarous kings'
reveal about how the frontier guard
or Ezra Pound view Europe, specifically the leadership of Europe?
Situation:
Historical Context
Introduction to audience, blame.
Ezra Pound's use of Imagism to interpret a ancient Chinese poem criticizes a general blindness concerning the senselessness of WWI. The Modernist themes of disillusionment, distance, and unconventionality are reflected in his attitude towards war.
Lived in London where he was under influence of Ezra Pound

Pound considered Eliot most influential poet of 20th century

"The Waste Land"; considered most important poem of 20th century
Full transcript