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Jean Piaget: Stages of Cognitive Development
Transcript of Jean Piaget: Stages of Cognitive Development
(1896 - 1980)
Piaget's view of how children's minds work and their cognitive development has been enormously influential, particularly in educational theory.
Infants are not born with innate (inborn) knowledge of anything.
Children activly create their world by interacting with their environments
Children go through various stages at about the same time and in the same order.
Learning and Teaching. (2010, February 10). Piaget's developmental theory. Retrieved from
Stages of Cognitive Development
Presnell, F. (1999). Jean piaget. Retrieved from
Concrete Operational (7-11 years)
Stages 3 - 4
can think logically about objects and events
work out story that only deals with facts alone
understand conservation: mass, length, area...
Formal Operational (11 years & up)
capable of thinking logically, abstractly, as well as theoretically
children are self-motivators, planners
becomes concerned with hypothetical, the future, & ideological problems
Piaget believed stage 4 was the ultimate stage of development & not everyone reaches this stage.
"basic building blocks of knowledge"
way of organizing knowledge
using an existing schema to a new situation
existing schema (knowledge) needs to change to take in new information
McLeod, S. (2009). Jean piaget. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html
Stage 1 (Sensorimotor):
matching sensory experiences with physical actions
Stage 2 (Preoperational):
do not expect students to see the world from other's point of view
Stage 3 (Concrete Operational):
reinforce & use hands-on materials, be concise & brief, relate new topics to prior experiences, and allow students to group things
Stage 4 (Formal Operational):
stage 3 with added difficulty
Child-Central.com. (n.d.). Child development stages. Retrieved from http://www.child-central.com/Child-Development-Stages.html
Funderstanding.com. (2011). Jean piaget: Cognitive developlement in the classroom.
Retrieved from www.funderstanding.com/educators/jean-piaget-cognitive-development-in-the-classroom/
Losabia, J. (2010, March 22). Applications: Piaget's concrete operational stage. Retrieved from http://jaylordlosabia.blogspot.com/2010/03/applications-piagets-formal-operational.html
Losabia, J. (2010, March 22). Applications: Piaget's formal operational stage. Retrieved from
Sucking, rooting, and grasping reflex
goal directed behaviors
"A not B" error
use of symbols to represent things
inability to understand transformations