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John Dewey - Expert Character Educator
Transcript of John Dewey - Expert Character Educator
"The self is not something ready-made, but something in continuous formation through choice of action"
"Education is a social process; education is growth; education is not preparation for life but is life itself"
John Dewey - Expert Character Educator
A Few Facts
Known as The Father of Progressive Education
Founded the Laboratory School of the University of Chicago (1896)
Formulated a five-step “Method of Intelligence” approach to learning
Supported the group that eventually became the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
He argues that "education should fuel what he calls "moral knowledge": an understanding of justice, freedom, and virtue bound up in one's knowledge of reading, writing, science, mathematics, art, history, and so forth" (Hansen, 175)
He was a supporter of such causes as women’s suffrage and the Settlement House movement of his friend Jane Addams
His commitment to make learning relevant and interesting to the child
John Dewey: His Life and Works
The deficiencies exhibited by John Dewey I least admired were
His support for the "Outlawry of War' movement in the inter war years (Festenstein, 2009, para. 3)
Participated in the defense of Leon Trotsky, a Marxist, in Mexico
John Dewey best exemplifies the character value of respect:
He advocated for recognition of the child’s interests, desires, and needs in the curriculum
He staunchly argued in defense of both equal education for woman and co-education classrooms
He fought for equal treatment of all races
He thought that learning best occurred when it was self-directed and facilitated by a teacher
A second value lens John Dewey exemplifies is integrity:
He argues that the teacher should not only know her or his subject but "be" that subject (Hanson, pg. 74)
The qualities in John Dewey I admired were
"I believe that the school is primarily a social institution. Education, being a social process, the school is simply that form of community life in which all those agencies are concentrated that will be most effective in bringing the child to share in the inherited resources of the race, and to use his own powers for social ends."
The best quote from the research that captures the essence of John Dewey is
Dewey, J. (2012). Education and Democracy in the World of Today (1938). Schools: Studies In Education, 9(1), 96-100. Retrieved
June 25, 2013 from http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.cu-portland.edu/ehost/
Dewey, J. (2010). The Need for a Philosophy of Education (1934). Schools: Studies In Education, 7(2), 244-245. Retrieved June 25,
2013 from http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.cu-portland.edu/ehost/
Festenstein, Matthew, "Dewey's Political Philosophy", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2009 Edition), Edward N..
Zalta (ed.). Retrieved 6/26/2013 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/dewey-political/
Fallace, T. D. (2011). Tracing John Dewey's Influence on Progressive Education, 1903-1951: Toward a Received Dewey. Teachers
College Record, 113(3), 463-492. Retrieved June 25, 2013 from http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.cu-portland.edu/ehost/
Hansen, D. T. (2007). John Dewey and a Curriculum of Moral Knowledge. Curriculum & Teaching Dialogue, 9(1/2), 173-181.
Mayer, S. (2007). The Ideal as Real: John Dewey and the Social Construction of Moral Coherence. Journal Of Curriculum &
Pedagogy, 4(2), 176-186.
Waks, L. J. (2013). John Dewey and the Challenge of Progressive Education. International Journal Of Progressive Education, 9(1),
73-83. Retrieved June 25, 2013 from http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.cu-portland.edu/ehost/
"Give the pupils something to do, not something to learn; and the doing is of such a nature as to demand thinking; learning naturally results"
"Failure is instructive. The person who really thinks learns quite as much from his failures has from successes"
Philosopher - Educator - Pragmatic
The one sentence I would use to summarize the ethics of John Dewey would be:
"Dewey regarded democracy as the social embodiment of experimental intelligence informed by sympathy and respect for the other members of society" (Mayer, p. 183).
The one value I would ascribe to John Dewey: