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Different Roles in the American Revolution
Transcript of Different Roles in the American Revolution
Deborah Sampson, born in 1760, wanted to fight in the Continental Army. Only men were allowed to do this, so she cleverly disguised herself as a man. When she was 21 years old, she successfully enlisted under Noah Taft.
During her first battle, she got two musket balls to the thigh and a huge cut on her forehead. She wanted her fellow soldiers to abandon her, but they would not. Afraid her identity would be revealed, she removed one the musket balls herself (but couldn't get the other one). When she became ill, her gender was discovered and was given an honorable discharge in 1783.
Molly Pitcher was a nickname for women who brought water to cool the men and the guns. The original Molly Pitcher is believed to be Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley, who fought in the Battle of Monmouth. This nickname most likely arose from men yelling "Molly! Pitcher!"
Margaret Corbin, born in 1751, was another woman that fought in the Continental Army. She herself was a "Molly Pitcher", and even manned a cannon herself after she witnessed her husband's death.
Some African Americans fought as "Black Loyalists". These were African Americans who fought for the British to earn their freedom.
Although, many thought fighting with the Americans would also give them freedom. Enslaved served in local militia to defend their villages.
They did not only fight for freedom, though. Many free African Americans fought along side slaves and whites for the same reasons.
Despite women, like Abigail Adams, trying to give women more rights, they did not get what they wanted (and deserved). Even after the American Revolution, which fought for rights, women did not treated as well as men. The constitution never considered giving women more rights. They were thought of household managers and child incubators. The rights of women did not change in any significant way, despite their valiant efforts in the war.
Slavery was not abolished until the Civil War, and African Americans didn't get equal rights until the Modern Civil Rights Movement, the Revolutionary War gave part in their rights. America had strong ideas on "equality" and "liberty" in their declaration.
The Iroquois at first did not want to side at all. They ultimately decided to side with the British because they were mad at the colonists for taking their land. He also convinced the Mohawks, Senecas, Onondagas, and Cayugas to join with England.
Not all Native Americans sided with the British. The Oneidas and Tuscaroras fought with the Americans. The Oneidas even fought in the Battle of Saratoga and supplied food to General Washington's Army.
After the war was over, the sides the Native Americans chose affected what happened to them. The Mohawks attacked the Oneidas, and there were only 8,000 Iroquois left after the war.
After the war was concluded there were no Native American representatives on either side, so they didn't get the right treatment they deserved. Americans thought of their victory over the British as a victory over Natives as well, and didn't care to give them any thanks.