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The Impressionism Movement of the 19th Century
Transcript of The Impressionism Movement of the 19th Century
OF THE 19th CENTURY I'isle Joyeuse by Debussy L’embarquement pour Cythère
by Watteau Woman with a Parasol by Monet Le déjeuner des canotiers by Renoir Visual Arts Impressionism was originally a movement in the art world.
It spanned from late 1860's - 1890's; originated in France.
Sometimes it's called optical realism, due to the impressionists' scientific interest in visual experience, light, and motion. How was it different? Impressionist painters focused on the atmosphere and feeling of an artwork, instead of paying much attention to the actual object.
Their fascination with light and movement correlates to their love for nature, and landscapes.
Goal: Capture the fleeting aspects of a scene. This required them to work fast, developing the style of short, fast paint strokes. These paintings were also more bright, and vibrant due to new discoveries of colour application.
It eventually became a well accepted and popular art form of the 19th century though in the beginning, many critiques insulted it as looking unfinished. Subject matter:
Most paintings were of landscapes, scenery, and even of the weather.
Because of the continuing industrialization of Paris, there were also many paintings featuring urban life. Bridge at Villeneuve-la-Garenne by Alfred Sisley The Cliffs at Etretat by Monet Boulevard Montmartre by Camille Pissaro Lydia Leaning on Her Arms
(in a theatre box) by Mary Cassatt Claude Monet (1862-1918) Perhaps the most well known impressionist painter
The term Impressionism came from his painting "Impression, sunrise".
Liked painting changing light and weather, also his own garden in Germany.
Impression, Sunrise by Monet Music Impressionism in music did not appear until later in the 19th century. It was influenced by the art movement.
Similarly, impressionist music aimed for creating mood and atmosphere.
Melodies are short, repeated, and sometimes not clear. There is less structure, and the rhythm is vague and free.
Chords do not have to serve harmonic purpose, but are used to achieve a fluid, and delicate texture. Sonata No.11 in A, K.331, mov.3 by Mozart L'isle Joyeuse by Debussy Claude Debussy (1862 - 1918) Most well known Impressionist composer.
Used swift sounds, wavering tones, and harmononiously dissonant chords.
Though beyond what is considered normal.
Bridged the gap between Romanticism and Modern eras of music.
You may know him for "Claire de lune". Literature Impressionism was not a very notable era in literature, though many works of the early 20th century could be put into that category.
Much like music and art, impressionist literature used details to convey the vague and at times complex feelings/impressions left by a scene or incident.
It is quite similar to the French Symbolist movement.
Focuses on one's mental experience more than the logistics of the experience itself. Virginia Woolf (1882 - 1941) More noted for leading in the Mordernist movement.
But also fits under the impressionism category by focusing on the psychological aspects of her characters, straying away from plot and structure, and writing with a stream of consciousness.
How Politics and Society aspired Impressionism The beginning of the art movement was a reaction to the government institutionalizing art.
The Academie des Beaux Arts had an annual juried exhibit that decided what was standard in art.
Subject matter was strictly historical events, mythology, or religion.
Artists were angered by the establishment, and sought out new ways of creating. Government Science and Technology New science of mixing colours into shadows/lights to make painting more vibrant.
Development in photography showed the artists what something looked like and not just how one sees it. Impact With the Impressionism movement, more than ever, people have a more potent sense of self, and an open mind to new sciences, and morals.
Impressionists questioned how they as people perceived the world; how unique and different it was. With that they explored new ways of creating.
It was the first stepping stone to the modern era. Houses of Parliament by Monet Work Cited (Impressionism, huntfor.com) (Impressionism, artmovements.co.uk) (Samu, 2000,metmuseum.org) (Impressionism, huntfor.com) (Impressionism, huntfor.com) (Samu, 2000,metmuseum.org) (Lin, Impressionism, library.thinkquest.org) (Kauble, Music History, kaublepianostudio.com) (Lin, Impressionism, library.thinkquest.org) (Impressionism in Literature, 2001, thinkquest.org) (Kaur, 2004, literarybonanza.blogspot.com) (Merriman, 2007, online-literature.com) (Samu, 2000,metmuseum.org) (Crowther, 2005, artist-perspectives.com) (Crowther, 2005, artist-perspectives.com) "Art Movements: Impressionism." Artindustri.com. Web. 11 Dec. 2010. "Claude Monet, Biography & Gallery." Huntfor.com. Ed. Sasa Damjanovic. Web. 11 Dec. 2010. Crowther, John. "Impressionism: More Than Meets the Eye." Artist Perspectives. 2005. Web. 13 Dec. 2010. "Impressionism Art." Huntfor.com. Ed. Sasa Damjanovic. Web. 11 Dec. 2010. . "Impressionism in Literature." The Impressionist Era. Think Quest, 2001. Web. 13 Dec. 2010. . Kauble, Martin E. "Music History - The Impressionistic Period." Piano Studio of Martin E. Kauble, NCTM. 2003 - 2004. Web. 12 Dec. 2010. Kaur, Amritbir. "'Impressionism' in Literature." Literary Jewels. 24 Oct. 2004. Web. 13 Dec. 2010. Lin, Alvin, Charles Han, and Debdeep Maji. "Impressionism." The Music Chamber. Web. 12 Dec. 2010. . Merriman, C. M. "Virginia Woolf - Biography and Works." The Literature Network. Jalic Inc., 2007. Web. 13 Dec. 2010. Samu, Margaret. "Impressionism: Art and Modernity | Thematic Essay." The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Metmuseum.org. 2000. Web. 11 Dec. 2010. .