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1st Century Palestine: Places and People
Transcript of 1st Century Palestine: Places and People
3 Regions: Judea
Judea was located on the western hills of Palestine. The climate was dry and arid. The economy of Judea and most of Palestine, gocused on agriculture, trade, and large government building projects.
3 Regions: Samaria
Samaria, like Judea, was located on the western hills. The climate was dry. And the economy was exactly the same as Palestine.
3 Regions: Galilee
Galilee was located on the coastal plains of Palestine. Galilee was dry as well. Palestine's economy was the same for all 3 regions.
The 6 Jewish Groups
The Sadducees were a conservative, upper class jewish groups who did not believe in the afterlife. They associated with the Pharisees and wanted to maintain power and wealth. In the bible, they are referred to as Cheif Priests or Elders. They were destroyed after the temple was demolished.
The Zealots formed a rebellious movement of militant Jews who yearned and battled for the independance of the Jews.The Zealots are responsible for an outreach of violence against Rome from CE 66-70. Judas was the Zealot ruler. The movement
The Essenes withdrew from society to prepare for the iminent coming of God. They were apart of the Qumran movement who didnt like how the jewish people worshipped. The Essenes resided in desert communities to become pure. They had no political structure.
•They interpreted and scribed the law
•Closely affiliated with the Pharisees
•associated with Sadducees
•Not a religious party
•Jewish scholars who wrote and told jews about their religous traditions
•The title "scribe" means one who is learned in the law of Moses
•Most influential religious sect in life time of Jesus
•Mentioned more than any other religious group in the New Testament
•Strict observance of Sabbath
•Excluded the unclean
•Models of obediance to the law
•Name comes from the hebrew root "to seperate"
John the Baptist
In Albert Nolan's book, "Jesus Before Christianity", John the Baptist is characterized as a bold prophet that wasn't afraid to tell the people of Israel the harsh truth.
John the Baptist's Message:
-God was angry and planned to punish and destroy Israel
-He made a prophecy that Israel would burn down
-He said this would happen unless the Jewish people become more faithful
John the Baptist:
-First prophet in Israel in a long time
-He would baptise them after they repented their sins
-He was arrested and beheaded
Relation with Jesus
John the Baptist and Jesus:
-Was the only one to impress Jesus
-Jesus's message was very similar to John the Baptists's message
The Great Majority
The majority of Jewish people were poor and uneducated, ordinary people who either worked for themselves or other masters. The only religion they were exposed to was the only nearest temple around them.