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Vincent van Gogh

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Sam L

on 28 February 2011

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Transcript of Vincent van Gogh

incent van Gogh: Between November of 1881 and July of 1890, Vincent van Gogh painted just over 900 paintings. Since his death, he has become one of the most famous painters in the world. V Childhood father was a pastor
religious family
3 sisters & 2 brothers
left school at the age of 15 (1853-1890) Careers Joined a firm of art dealers, Goupil & Cie.
Bookstore clerk
Tried to take after his father and became a preacher
An artist Self-Portrait 1889 Best-known works are: The Potato Eaters (1885), Starry Night (1889), and Irises (1889) Starry Night 1889 Sunflowers 1888 On May 8, 1889, Vincent Van Gogh was committed to the asylum at Saint Paul-de-Mausole in France after many instances of hospitalization and self-mutilation. While there he painted some 130 paintings, the surrounding gardens and clinic becoming his main subjects for painting. Among these were the famous The Starry Night and Irises. Irises is on the list of the most expensive paintings ever sold, selling for 54 million dollars in 1987. Irises 1889 Poppies 1886 The Potato Eaters 1885
He died in Auvers, France two days after shooting himself in the chest with a pistol on July 29, 1890. He was born in Groot-Zundert, Holland on March 30, 1853. This was just 1 year after his brother died during birth. It is believed that he was the replacement child. nervous temperament making him a difficult companion
working long into the night and painting all day was detrimental to his health
He decided to go south to Arles where he hoped his friends would join him to help found a school of art
Gauguin joined him = disastrous An ear for Art Van Gogh pursued him with an open razor, was stopped by Gauguin, but ended up cutting a portion of his own ear lobe off
Gauguin left Arles
Van Gogh then began to have fits of madness and was sent to the asylum in Saint-Remy for treatment. BORN DIED Impact on Modernism Modernism describes and encompasses three fundamental changes in artistic attitude, practice, and culture:
(1.) radical changes and innovation in artistic form and content
(2.) a new conception of the legacy and role of artistic tradition and subsequently, the emergence of a distinct, cohesive, and persuasive culture
(3.) a new understanding of reality in the wake of significant scientific and technological discoveries 2. Isolation 3. Reflection of Modernism 1. His works are:
striking colours
unusual perspectives
familiar subject matter
not realistic
ex: The Bedroom The painting conveys a sense of loneliness in the fields - a powerful image of Van Gogh as a defeated and solitary artist in his final years. Ex: Wheat Field Under Threatening Skies (1890) In a letter to his sister he wrote:
"Here you have a night picture without any black in it, done with nothing but beautiful blue and violet and green, and in these surroundings the lighted square acquires a pale sulphur and greenish citron-yellow colour. It amuses me enormously to paint the night right on the spot. They used to draw and paint the picture in the daytime after the rough sketch. But I find satisfaction in painting things immediately." Critique of Starry Night The smaller part of the picture's elements are points, that together complement each other and became a whole image. In Starry Night and some other paintings of Van Gogh, these elements are connected so that winding lines become stars in the dark sky, energetic strokes and curved surfaces become mountain crests, and geometric forms reflect the architecture of the buildings. Critique of Self-Portrait with Straw Hat Overall the painting appears to be unfinished, a hastily done portrait that has been abandoned to create more lasting works. In it's incomplete state it parallels “an unfinished life,” and in the wild strokes of the blue background and splashes across the artist’s garments we are confronted with the sense of growing “more and more out of control.” Van Gogh used the symbolic and expressive values of colors for expressing emotions rather than for the reproduction of visual appearances, atmosphere, or light. More emotion Critique of Cafe Terrace on the Place du Forum by van gogh Famous Works Van Gogh took Gauguin's subjective color choices a step further, his substantial influence on the development of Expressionism is due to his unique skill as a skilled worksman and his immediately recognizable heavy, sculptural line. He wrote to his brother, "Instead of trying to reproduce exactly what I have before my eyes, I use color more arbitrarily in order to express myself forcibly...to exaggerate the essential and to leave the obvious vague". Van Gogh's revolutionary approach to painting had a strong influence on the next generation of artists, beginning with Matisse and the French Expressionists, also known as the Fauves. He offered these early modernists a powerful alternative to the new technique of delicate Parisian Impressionism and post-Impressionism.
His innovative and radical use of:
unnatural color
angular and heavy lines
compression of three- dimensional space into two-dimensional discreet pictorial elements
stylized distortion and exaggeration of reality
All appealed to the Expressionist artists.
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