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STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION STRATEGIES

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by

Eduardo Xochihua

on 23 February 2014

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Transcript of STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION STRATEGIES

INVERTED SUBJECTS AND VERBS
TOEFL preparation course
STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION STRATEGIES
Check for:

13. Present/past participle replacing "that is"
REDUCED CLAUSES
Check for..
1. Missing subject or verb
2. Objects of prepositions
Check for:

6-9. Conectors
MULTIPLE CLAUSE SENTENCES
2O. Subject-verb
AGREEMENT PROBLEMS
3. Appositives
4. Present participles (-ing)
5. Past participles
An
-ing
word replaces the words
that is ___-ing
.
10-11. Connectors
which
are also
subjects
When
a
connector
heads a sentence
,
a comma is needed.

A comma is not needed

when
a connector is in the middle of the sentence.

* Punctuation given in a sentence is a clue for predicting the needed connector.
14. Using a present/past participle to omit
The woman
who is

waving
a me is the tour guide.

The letter
which was

sent
last week hasn't been received.
Although he feels (
feeling
) rather sick, the speaker will take part in the seminar.

* The reduction is possible since the subject in both clauses is the same.
15. Questions & embedded questions

C of place

V
--->
S

In the closet

are

the clothes
that you need.
Nowhere

had

I

seen
such beautiful weather

16. Place expressions
17. With (almost) negative words
- Negative words:

No, not, never
- Almost negative words:
Hardly (ever), barely, scarcely, only (once)
- Agreement expressions:
Neither, so
* With this inversion auxiliaries are required
18. Conditionals (2nd & 3rd)
19. Comparisons
Many times a prepositional phase between the subject and verb results in confusion.

Spot them and make sure they agree.
This is only extra information that is set off between commas.

Who
is she
?

I don't know who
she is
.
21. Quantity expressions
Full transcript