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Vina Articona

on 30 October 2013

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Who it Affects?
Affects people of all ages
Young Adults
Middle aged people
Women are 2x more prone to insomnia than men
Cures and Treatments
Prescription sleeping pills / OTC sleep aids
Behavior Therapy
Education about good sleeping habits
Relaxation techniques (abdominal breathing, muscle relaxing)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (replacing sleep worries with positive thoughts)
Calming music or sounds to help you fall asleep at night

Prevention (At-home remedies)
Stick to a sleep schedule
Avoid taking naps during the day
Relax before bed (read, take a bath, do breathing exercises)
Exercise regularly (but at least 5-6 hours before bed)
Limit caffeine/alcohol/nicotine intake
Avoid large meals and beverages before bed
Check your medications for stimulants (like caffeine)

"Primary Insomnia ." Primary Insomnia. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
"Insomnia (Chronic and Acute Insomnia) Causes and Symptoms." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
"Teens With Insomnia at Double the Risk for Major Depression, Study Finds." Promises Addiction Treatment Alcohol Drug Rehab Malibu. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
"Teenage Insomnia Part I." Insomnia Free. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
"Many Teens Suffer From Chronic Insomnia." FusionSleep. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
"PMS Health Center." Why PMS Gives You Insomnia. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
"Primary Insomniaor Secondary Insomnia?" Primary Insomnia or Secondary Insomnia? What's the Difference? N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.

What is Insomnia?
It is the inability to sleep or fall asleep
Symptoms (of most Insomnias):
Drowsy/sleepy during the day
Memory problems
Difficulty paying attention
Mood swings
Disciplinary issues
Tense about having to go to bed (since they are unable to fall asleep)
Causes of Insomnia
Average Number of Sleep
Number of hours of a person with insomnia
Two Types of Insomnia
Primary Insomnia
Secondary Insomnia
Primary Insomnia
Sleeping abnormality which does not have a direct relationship with another disorder or medical condition.
Three Types of Primary Insomnia

Nupur Murthy

Vina Articona
Jessica Montone
Besong Tataw
Period 2

Secondary Insomnia
Sleeping abnormality that is correlated with another medical condition.This is the most common type of insomnia.
Occurs when there is another medical, psychiatric,or environmental problem with the patient.
Secondary insomnia is also evident in people with medical problems involving emotional, neurological, and physical disorders.
Stress (work/school; change in everyday environment)
Disorders (ADHD, Restless Leg Syndrome, etc.)
Irregular intake (medications, food before bed, caffeine, nicotine, alcohol)
Poor sleep habits (irregular sleep schedule, uncomfortable sleeping environment, stimulating activities-like watching TV-before bed)
For women: menopause, pregnancy, hot flashes, etc.
Pain: arthritis, headache, any physical discomfort
Thyroid: Mostly in hyperthyroid patients due to their hyper activity
Obesity, Alzheimers, diabetes, etc
14% teenagers develop at least one symptom of insomnia in a given year
5% develop enough symptoms to qualify for diagnosis
Young adults are often diagnosed with Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome (DSPS)
a sleep disorder caused by changes in sleeping time (like getting up early for school)
Girls are 2.5 times more likely to get insomnia than boys after starting their period due to changes in hormone levels during the menstrual cycle

Occasional periods of stress which result in poor sleeping cycles as well as behavioral habits in order to fall asleep (e.g. constantly brushing teeth). Even if the habits do end, insomnia does still continue.
This begins from infancy or from childhood and is a lifelong/chronic disorder. It is aggravated by stress and tension. In these types of patients, there is a malfunction in neurological control of the sleeping and waking cycle.
Aka ‘Sleep State Misperception’.
Not fully researched but is known to have extremely severe sleeplessness during the night without any daytime sleepiness.

National Sleep Foundation
(703) 243-1697
Visit www.sleepfoundation.org for more information.
Hotline from the sleep foundation
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