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The Concept of State and Government

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Jezreel Mercado

on 10 February 2013

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Transcript of The Concept of State and Government

Definition Theories Origin of the State * As to number of persons exercising sovereign powers:
a) Monarchy
b) Aristocracy
c) Democracy
* As to extent pf powers exercised by the central or national government:
a)Unitary Government
b) Federal Government
* As to relationship b/w the executive and the
legislative branches of the government:
a) Parliamentary government
b) Presidential Government Forms of Governments - the agency through the will of the state is formulated, expressed, and carried out.
-machinery of political administration, which is obeyed by the people and which is able to enforce its authority
-the exercise of aggregate authorities in the administration of the affairs of a state, community, and/or society. Government The Concept of State and Government State Government - a political community under one government or forming a part of a federation in which nation states unite under one central authority.

- "a community of person more or less numerous, permanently occupying a definite portion of a territory, independent of external control and possessing an organized government to which the great body of inhabitants render habitual obedience" - James W. Garner Elements of the State 1.) People - the most essential element of the state
- refers to the mass of population living within
the state.
- entails a sufficient number of both sexes

2.) Territory - constitutes adequate territorial area that is subject of sovereign rights and interests under the control of every state that exercises jurisdiction over property and persons within such territory with limitations enforce compliance with international law.
- it includes not only the land over which the jurisdiction of the state extends, but also the rivers and lakes therein, a certain area of the sea which abuts upon its coasts and the air space above it. Thus, the domain of the state maybe describe as territorial, fluvial, maritime, and aerial. 3.) Sovereignty - supreme authority in internal affairs and freedom from foreign control.
TWO MANIFESTATIONS:
> internal or the power of the state to rule within its territory;
> external or the freedom of the state to carry out its activities without subjection to or control by other states. it is often referred to as independence. Divine Right Theory ...the state is of divine creation and the ruler is ordained by God to govern the people Social Contract Theory ...states must have been formed by deliberate and voluntary compact among the people to form a society and organize a government for their common good. Force Theory ... states must been created force, by some great warriors who imposed their will upon the weak.
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