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Transcript of Gilligan
Student Carol Gilligan Gilligan's Model of Women's Moral Development Theory In a Women's Voice? Gilligan recognizes... Stage 2 Connects care and responsibility
Uncertainty about her own worth
Inequality between self and other
Defines her moral worth on her ability to care for others
Searches for solutions where no one gets hurt
Feels responsible to give others what they need and want
Makes decisions on the basis of others choices or advice
Puts others before her and believes in pleasing others
Begins to feel manipulated
Begins to doubt moral worth Stage 1 Egocentric
Self is sole object of concern
Look out for themselves
Focus of caring for self in order to survive
Feel they are alone
Sense of isolation
No feeling of "should"
Others influence her decision only through their power to affect its consequences Stage 3 Begins to take responsibility for choices
Takes control over her life
Understands the ideas of selfishness & responsibility
Finds moral equality between self & others
Cares for and protects self and others
Care becomes universal
Obligated to take care of self as well
Understands the psychological dynamics of relationships Theory's Kolhberg Gilligan Age Birth - 9 9-20 Stage Substages Preconventional Avoid Punishment Gain Reward Conventional Gain Approval
Duty & Guilt 20+ maybe
never Postconventional Agreed upon rights
Personal moral standards Stages of Moral Development Stages of the Ethic of Care Stage 1 Preconventional Individual survival Transition 1 Selfishness to Responsibility Connectedness and
responsibility to others Stage 2 Conventional Goodness as Self-Sacrifice Reliance on others,
social acceptance Transition 2 Goodness to Truth Questions comparative value of self vs. others Truth that she is a person too Stage3 Postconventional Morality of Nonviolence Heightened understanding of choice between own needs and care for others; do not harm others or self Student/Research Assistant of Kohlberg
Kohlberg: Theory of Moral Development
Relied almost exclusively on male subjects
Average adult female scored a full stage lower than male counterpart
Gilligan agrees with the ethic of justice
Her thesis is that most women speak in a different but not inferior moral voice. Men's Voice Women's Voice Masculine ethic of justice A feminine ethic of care Men Women Fear intimate situations Fear isolation Fear rejection Fear Success Concerned w/getting the job done Concerned w/ holding group together Distinguish themselves by accomplishments Define who they are by relationships Distinguish themselves by solitary pursuit Define themselves as daughter, wife, mother, lover, & friend Wide circle of friends Closely knit friendships Abide by rules See relationships as replaceable Women change rules to preserve relationships Gilligan's Stages of the Ethic of Care Preconventional Morality Age Range - Not Listed Gilligan's Stages of the Ethic of Care Conventional Morality Age Range - Not Listed Gilligan's Stages of the Ethic of Care Postconventional Morality Age Range - Maybe Never Transition 1 Transition from selfishness to responsibility to others Transition 2 Transition is from goodness to truth that she is a person too.