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Invasion Of Poland
Transcript of Invasion Of Poland
Background Info - Adolf Hitler
Hitler, like many others, was unhappy and furious with the German government. He soon joined a political group that opposed the government. In November of 1923, he attempted a coup of the government. He failed, and was sentenced to five years in Landsberg Prison, but he only served 9 months before being released. While in prison, he had thoughts of a new Germany. He also wrote Mein Kampf. In July of 1932, he had gathered enough support and he ran for President. He lost to Paul Von Hindenburg. However, Hitler was made Chancellor of Germany. Within a year and a half, Hitler got the President position and combined it with the Chancellor, thus creating the Fuhrer.
1) To give the German people lebensraum, which means space to roam.
2) He believed that Chamberlain would not dare to stop him. He felt nobody was standing in his way so he felt able to pursue his aims.
3) Hitler said that there were Germans being persecuted in Poland (there was some truth to this.)
4) Hitler wanted to overturn the Treaty of Versailles. He wanted Germany to get back all of the land that they had lost after World War I.
5) Hitler was intending to move towards Russia, and Poland just happened to be in the way.
The attack came without warning or declaration of war. At 4;45 AM on September 1st, 1939, the Germans made their move. Some 1.5 million German troops entered Poland all along its 1,750 mile border. Simultaneously, German war planes bombed Polish airfields, while German warships and U-boats attacked Polish naval forces in the Baltic Sea. At 8 PM on August 31st, Nazi troops wearing Polish uniforms staged a phony invasion of Germany, damaging several minor German installations. They did this to have a reason to invade Poland. Nazi propagandists publicized this as an act of aggression.
Invasion of Poland
By Erik Eckert
The German forces employed a military strategy known as Blitzkrieg, or "lightning war." The troops smashed through the Polish defense lines and isolated segments of the army. The enemy was then encircled and captured by motorized German infantry while the panzer tanks employed the same strategy. The German air force, called Luftwaffe, provided air support and also bombed Polish cities such as Warsaw in order to further terrorize the enemy. The Polish army was able to rally one million men, but they were outmatched in every way. Instead of taking a defense position, they ran straight up to the Germans. Many of them were either captured or killed on the spot.
Polish troops hoped to hold out long enough so that an offensive attack can be mounted against Germany in the west. But on September 17th, the Soviet Union invaded from the east and there was no more hope. The next day, Polish government and military leaders had to flee the country. On September 28th, the Warsaw garrison finally surrendered. Later that day, Germany and the USSR reached an agreement over their controlled zones in the country.
6) Hitler also wanted to teach Chamberlain a lesson as well. In March of 1939, Chamberlain had promised to guarantee freedom for the Polish people. Hitler said "I'll cook them a stew they'll choke on."
7) To prevent an anti-German alliance. He realized that the world was starting to gang up on him. In April, he also saw that Poland was starting to mobilize troops in order to resist Germany. Hitler said this broke Poland's non aggression act with them.
8) Hitler had a pact with Russia. This left Hitler free to attack Poland because he had a secret agreement with Stalin to split up the land they would take over from Poland.