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The genius of Charles Darwin

The man who changed the world and the way we see it today


on 7 October 2014

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Transcript of The genius of Charles Darwin

Darwin's theory evolution
Theory of evolution
Early life
The Voyage of the Beagle

The Voyage of the Beagle
Galápagos Islands
15 September 1835
Galápagos giant tortoise
The galápagos suggested that animals could evolve
Darwin finches
Slight variations on each island
Heavy beaks for crushing nuts
Long beaks for picking insects
"The natural history of this archipelago is very remarkable: it seems to be a little world within itself; the greater number of its inhabitants, both vegetable and animal, being found nowhere else."

- Charles Darwin
Shell size and shape vary between populations
27 December 1831
Madeira Island
4 January 1832
6 January 1832
Cape Verde Islands
16 January 1832
Fernando de Noronha Island
16 February 1832
Salvador, Bahia
28 February 1832
Rio de Janeiro
3 April 1832
26 July 1832
Bahía Blanca
5 September 1832
Falkland Islands
1 March 1833
Tierra del Fuego
23 July 1834
19 July 1835
What did call Darwin´s attention?
15 November 1835
New Zealand
21 December 1835
5 February 1836
12 January 1836
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
1 April 1836
Mauritius Island
19 April 1836
Cape Town
31 May 1836
Azores Islands
20 September 1836
Ascension Island
19 July 1836
St. Helena Island
8 July 1836
1 August 1836
31 August 1836
2 October 1836
Born in Shrewsbury (England) on 12 February 1809 (same day than Abraham Licoln)
``He is always flying around, fooling about with stuff and nonsense, and never doing a stroke of anything that was the slightest bit useful´´
Studied at the Universities of Cambridge (theology) and Edinburg (medicine)
Darwin as a child
Darwin in his youth
The Voyage of the Beagle
Lamarck & Erasmus Darwin
Both plants and animals had evolved from some few primitive species according to heir needs
Charles Lyell
He held that the present geology of the earth was the result of an interminably long and
gradual evolution
Thomas Malthus
``An Essay on the Principle of Population´´
J. B Lamarck
Erasmus Darwin
Even quite small changes could cause huge geological upheavals, considering the aeons of time that have elapsed
``Principles of Geology´´
If there were no limiting factors in nature, one single species of plant or animal would spread over the entire globe
But because there are many species, they keep each other in balance
Biological evolution
Countinuos change of species
All especies desced from more primitive living things
Longer time perspective
Gradual and small changes over a very long period of time
Natural selection
Survival of the fittest:
it is the most adaptable to change species that survives, neither the strongest nor the most intelligent
Conflict with the Church
Afraid to be punished
Darwin seen as a threaten
doubted about God's existence
Didn´t want to harm his devoted wife
Darwin´s theory
Church´s theory
Living things had evolved from a few primitive forms
Human beings linked with lower animal (monkeys)
Free interpretation of the Holy Bible:
All living things were fixed by God at Creation at once
Human beings are superior to other lower animals and were created separately
Darwinist theory of evolution:

Greeted without the furore that surrounded ``The Origin of Species´´
His ideas soon became part of the main stream

4, 500 Million years ago
Creation of the Earth
J. S. Henslow
Captain R. Fitzroy
The HMS Beagle
He graduated from university in 1831
In 1859
Sold out the same day of its publication!
Emma Wedgwood
``I am not the least afraid to die´´
Died on 19 April 1882 in Down House Cottage owing to a heart disease
``Without doubt, no progress is possible´´
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