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Major Belief Systems

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Jay Falk

on 4 November 2014

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Transcript of Major Belief Systems

Major Belief Systems

By Jay Falk 10.12.4 Period 7 Ms. Freitag
Unit 2 Project:
Hinduism
Judaism
Islam
Confucianism
Daoism
Buddhism
Christianity
The Basics
Effect on Society
1. Founded:
around 2000 B.C.E
in the Indus River Valley Civilization
2. Deities(y):
polytheistic
Hindu Triumvirate
Brahma: creator, originator of caste system, not worshiped
Vishnu: guardian & keeper, many animal incarnations, regarded as most important
Shiva: destroys world in order to re-create it, "seed of the universe"
3. Founder:
no distinct founder
4. Holy Books:
Vedas:
Samhitas: hymns and praise, included Rig-Veda
Upanishads: commentary, became part of scriptures later
Bhagavad Gita
The Ramayana
1. Effect on the region's Social/political/economic culture:
caste system
Vaishnavism/Shaivism/Shaktism by region
subjugation of women
2. Role of Women:
confined to duties in the home:
reproduction was primary role
caretaker of children
housekeeping
3.Diffusion of the beliefs:
trade
migration
1. Founded:
around 1800 B.C.E
in the city of Ur, Babylonia
2. Deities(y):
monotheistic
God
only one
creator of world
chose the Jewish nation
3. Founder:
Abraham:
son of pagan statue maker watched the shop and smashed all the statues, blamed it on the statues themselves, got his father to admit, they had no power and could not break themselves.
Issac:
Abraham's son, passed down the religion
Jacob:
Issac's son
fought with brother, Esau, thought to be origination of Islam
4. Holy Books:
Torah:
5 books of law/history
Tenakh:
collection of all the holy scriptures
includes the law, the prophets, and other writings
Talmud:
rabbinic commentary and explanation of Torah
The Basics
1. Effect on region's social/political/economic culture:
jews were isolated and not assimilated
stayed an individual nation with not much effect
2. Role of Women:
confined to home & raising children
rarely involved in synagogue and public life
right to buy/sell/own property
3.Diffusion of the beliefs:
spread almost entirely through decent and migration of decedents
conversion was rare and not encouraged
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8

Effect on Society
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
The Basics
1. Founded:
610 B.C.E
in Saudi Arabia around Mecca
youngest of the "world religions"
2. Deities(y):
monotheistic
God
is also known as Allah
has no gender and no plural
is "eternal, omniscient, and omnipotent" (BBC, Basic Articles of Faith)
3. Founder:
Muhammad:
saw visions from God
preached going back to monotheism
4. Holy Book(s):
Qur'an:
word of god written down through scribes
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15
Effects on Society
The Basics
Effects on Society
1. Founded:
(Confucious born) 551 B.C.E.
inspired by writings of Confucius
2. Deities(y):
not pertaining to a deity
3. Founder:
Confucius or K'ung Fu-tzu
taught and composed about what made up a good person
4. Holy Book(s):
Analects of Confucius
The four books
1. Effect on region's social/political/economic culture:
Social:
education system
Political:
stability
encouraged political careers
Economic:
just social order promoted economic prosperity
2. Role of Women:
strictly defined roles as lower then men (male-centered)
education of women focused on housekeeping and child rearing
Filial Piety
3.Diffusion of the beliefs:
throughout china into japan
from japan to Korea, Taiwan, Menchuria and throughout east asia
Fig. 17
Fig. 16
Fig. 18
Fig. 19
1. Effect on region's social/political/economic culture:
unification of the arabian peninsula
establishment of new calender
destruction of the tribal system
2. Role of Women:
raising children
wealth determined level of education and required dress.
3.Diffusion of the beliefs:
Abu Bakr consolidated power in the arabian peninsula and set sights on conquering
Wars of expansion (with the first 4 caliphs)
Fig. 20
Fig. 21
The Basics
1. Founded:
by Laozi in 500 B.C. when he wrote down his teachings in a book now called Tao Te Ching
2. Deities(y):
many deities that were subject to Tao borrowed from other religions
3. Founder:
Laozi (Laozu) wrote down his teaching and beliefs about Tao (the way)
4. Holy Book(s):
Tao Te Ching
Chuang-tzu
Effects on Society
1. Effect on region's social/political/economic culture:
rites and rituals from Daoist practices were used within the political system.
martial arts, sciences, and meditation ideas derived from Daoism.
2. Role of Women:
confined to duties in the home:
reproduction was primary role
caretaker of children
housekeeping
half of the yin yang symbol (yin)
3.Diffusion of the beliefs:
adopted by leaders, spread through politics
diffused through Laozi's journey west
1. Founded:
Siddhartha Gautama in in India around 450 B.C.E
2. Deities(y):
Buddhas and Bodhisattvas
far in the process of becoming enlightened who have stayed back to help others with the process
3. Founder:
Siddhartha Gautama in 450 B.C.E became enlightened after realizing that balance between poverty and luxury was the way live.
4. Holy Book(s):
Tripitaka
Mahayana Sutras
The Basics
1. Effect on region's social/political/economic culture:
influence on religious art
dismissed caste system, lessened it's influence
introduced democratic principles to India
2. Role of Women:
differentiated from men in religious responsibilities and rituals
3.Diffusion of the beliefs:
along silk road
via trade routes and migration
through out southern, eastern and western Asia as well as into small parts of the Mediterranean
Effects on Society
1. Founded:
In the year 0 by Jesus of Nazereth, Israel part of the Roman Empire during Augustinian rule
2. Deities(y):
God
omnipotent & omniscient
one true deity

3. Founder:
Jesus of Nazereth:
poor jew in Israeli province of the Roman Empire
sought to teach and enlighten the population about God
was crucified by the Roman empire
4. Holy Book(s):
Old Testament & New Testament
The Basics
Effects on Society
1. Effect on region's social/political/economic culture:
after period of ban, Christianity became Rome's official religion
After the Byzantne empire broke off from western Rome, the schism occurred, and broke Constantinople off from friendly relations with Rome
Caesaropapism
Nicene Creed/Council
diversion from paganism in major Empire
2. Role of Women:
not allowed major roles within religions (bishops or priests)
3.Diffusion of the beliefs:
through Paul of Tarsus
official religion of Byzantine Empire & Rome
trade/migration
missionaries
crusades
Fig. 22
Fig. 23
Fig. 24
Fig. 25
Fig. 26
Fig. 28
Fig. 27
Hinduism Citations:
"Hinduism." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/hinduism/ >

"URI Kids :: World Religions." URI Kids :: World Religions. United World Religions, 2002. Web. 28 Oct. 2014. <http://www.uri.org/kids/world_hind_basi.htm>.

Harvilla, Casey. "The Impacts of Hinduism in India." The Impacts of Hinduism in India. N.p., 17 Feb. 2010. Web. 30 Oct. 2014. <http://www.slideshare.net/charvi38/the-impacts-of-hinduism-in-india>.

"Welcome to the Heart of Hinduism." Welcome to the Heart of Hinduism. The Hinduism Project, 2004. Web. 30 Oct. 2014. <http://hinduism.iskcon.org/>.

Picture Links: (figures)
1. http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/indus07.gif
2. http://qph.is.quoracdn.net/main- qimg-3dc1c5e216b0fc4ec5c5419b3394a1ca?convert_to_webp=true
3. http://lifefm.com.au/wp/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/unknown-person.png
4. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/02/Rigveda_MS2097.jpg

11.http://monisacademy.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/11041.jpg
12. http://www.justletmelearn.org/images/casteSystemGraph.jpg


Fig. 29
Fig. 30
Fig. 31
Fig. 33
Fig. 32
Fig. 34
Fig. 35
Judaism Citations:
"URI Kids :: World Religions." URI Kids :: World Religions. United Religions Initiative, 2002. Web. 02 Nov. 2014. <http://www.uri.org/kids/world_juda_basi.htm>.

"Judaism." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/>.

Rich, Tracey R. "Judaism 101." Judaism 101: What Is Judaism? N.p., 2011. Web. 02 Nov. 2014. <http://www.jewfaq.org/judaism.htm>.

Picture Links: (figures)
5.http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Kassite_Babylonia_EN.svg/2000px-Kassite_Babylonia_EN.svg.png
6. https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-A69GxBfDFKw/TxKxYZ4jrKI/AAAAAAAAWIA/fQpX8kKqoHU/s400/Abraham_Idols.jpg
7. http://www.childrenstory.info/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/ilst10.jpg
8. http://www.gaychristian101.com/images/TorahScroll.jpg
9. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_PGM5komqCws/Sdjtdc4RpCI/AAAAAAAAG50/WkFrTgJ0Z1g/s400/Jewish+snood.bmp
10. http://www.pjvoice.com/v7/Arbre3.jpg


Islam Citations:
"URI Kids :: World Religions." URI Kids :: World Religions. United Religions Initiative, n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2014. <http://www.uri.org/kids/world_isla.htm>.

"Islam." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/>.

Picture Links: (figures)
13. http://www.indianetzone.com/photos_gallery/39/ProphetMuhammad_24658.jpg
14. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/04/Saudi_Arabia_map.png
15. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8a/Kur'an.jpg
20. http://www.themuslimtimes.org/wp-content/themes/advanced-newspaper/timthumb.php?src=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.themuslimtimes.org%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2012%2F06%2FIslamMap.jpg&q=90&w=479&zc=1
21. http://islamstory.com/sites/default/files/styles/300px_node_fullcontent_img/public/13/02/06/download%20(10).jpg


Confucianism Citations:
"URI Kids :: World Religions." URI Kids :: World Religions. United Religions Initiative, 2002. Web. 02 Nov. 2014. <http://www.uri.org/kids/other_conf.htm>.

Weiming, Tu. "Confucianism." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/132104/Confucianism>.

"Women and Confucianism." Lesson: (Women in World History Curriculum). N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014. <http://www.womeninworldhistory.com/lesson3.html>.

Picture Links: (figures)
16. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0fCommentaries_of_the_Analects_of_Confucius.jpg
17. http://confuciusinstitute.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/confucius.png
18. screen shot of: watch?v=ylWORyToTo4
19. http://media-cache-ec0.pinimg.com/236x/7e/b9/d5/7eb9d59c35a306ae7e4d16292c98cdde.jpg
Daosim Citations:
"What Do Daoists Believe?" ARCworld.org. ARC, n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2014. <http://www.arcworld.org/faiths.asp?pageID=35>.

"URI Kids :: World Religions." URI Kids :: World Religions. United Religions Initiative, n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2014. <http://www.uri.org/kids/other_taoi.htm>.

"Taosim." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/taoism/>.

Picture Links: (figures)

22. http://e08595.medialib.glogster.com/media/f1/f1414584f3eace951008513540e6e12052e0e2f6ef42377992701f471fb5e4c7/laozi.jpg
23. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/73/%E7%9F%B3%E6%BF%A4_tao_te_ching.jpeg
24. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CAcQjRw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fdriwancybermuseum.wordpress.com%2F2013%2F06%2F28%2Fthe-chinese-imperial-ceramic-artwork-found-in-indonesia-continiu-14%2F&ei=A4VRVKjNKIOZyAThwoKIBw&bvm=bv.78597519,d.aWw&psig=AFQjCNHsBma2Sxy8f6vSQzWXR3pJ-TisAg&ust=1414714999789013
25. http://www.carlagoldenwellness.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/man-woman-yin-yang-symbol.jpg
26. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_8S7b5DFCpPU/TE1CbseTICI/AAAAAAAAAig/Zwc-8wkhf-o/s1600/mapZhengHe_01.jpg



Buddhism Citations:
"URI Kids :: World Religions." URI Kids :: World Religions. United Religions Initiative, n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014. <http://www.uri.org/kids/world_budd_basi.htm>.

"Buddhism." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/>.

Banerjee, Prof. Anukul Chandra. "Buddhism-Its Contribution to Indian Cultures." Buddhism--Its Contribution to Indian Culture (n.d.): n. pag. Http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/. Cambridge University. Web. <http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/bot/pdf/bot_1981_03_01.pdf>.

Ray, Gary, and Jefferey Macko. "Women in Buddhism." Http://departments.colgate.edu/. Colgate University, n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2014. <http://departments.colgate.edu/greatreligions/pages/buddhanet/theravada/women.txt>.

"Buddhism and Its Spread along the Silk Road." Silk-road.com. Silk Road Foundation, n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.silk-road.com%2Fartl%2Fbuddhism.shtml>.

Picture Links: (figures)
27. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/12/Korea-Haeinsa-Tripitaka_Koreana-01.jpg
28. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_0g_8lFERpDY/S_mZWtxp8mI/AAAAAAAABU0/yQtX6CUaE-Q/s1600/L-11.jpg
34. http://www.artnindia.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/IMG29a1.jpg
35. http://go.hrw.com/venus_images/0306MC06.gif

Christianity Citations:
URI Kids :: World Religions." URI Kids :: World Religions. United Religions Initiative, n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2014. <http://www.uri.org/kids/world_chri.htm>.

"Christianity." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/>.

Guisepi, Robert A. "Christianity, The Origins Of Christianity." Christianity, The Origins Of Christianity. International World History Project, n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014. <http://history-world.org/origins_of_christianity.htm>.

Clark, Elizebeth. "The Roles for Women." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/religion/first/roles.html>.

Picture Links: (figures)
29. http://images5.fanpop.com/image/photos/31600000/jesus-in-my-heart-jesus-31696640-1088-1200.jpg
30. http://cdn.lifehopeandtruth.com/image-cache/ten-commandments-in-the-new-testament_472_314_80.jpg
31. http://www.creatingfutures.net/images/christcross.jpg
32. http://jfortunato.weebly.com/uploads/8/6/3/7/8637101/5252414.gif?408
33. http://www.passionistnuns.org/Saints/StPaulTarsus/StPaulTarsus2.jpg

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