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Main parts and their Function

Dala Kalash

on 12 January 2013

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Transcript of Brain

Parts and Functions of the Brain Serena Salman & Dala Kalash Parts of the Brain: 4 main parts:
-Limbic System
-Brain Stem What is the Cerebrum? largest part of the human brain
associated with higher brain function such as "thought" and "action".
divided into four sections(lobes) the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, and temporal lobe
location: situated above the other two parts of the brain(cerebellum and brain stem. What is the Brain stem? Underneath the limbic system
responsible for basic vital life functions such as breathing, heartbeat, and blood pressure.
composed of 3 parts: midbrain, pons, and medulla.
References http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/bb/kinser/Structure1.html
http://www.homeeddirectory.com/blog/using-movement-enhance-classroom-learning Brain Whats is the cerebellum? regulates and coordinates :
location: situated at the back of the brain below cerebrum emotional brain
buried within the cerebrum
contains the thalamus, hypothalamus, amygdala, and hippocampus What is the function of each lobe? Frontal Lobe- associated with reasoning, planning, parts of speech, movement, emotions, and problem solving
Parietal Lobe- associated with movement, orientation, recognition, perception of stimuli
Occipital Lobe- associated with visual processing
Temporal Lobe- associated with perception and recognition of auditory stimuli, memory, and speech What is the Limbic System? Thalamus a large mass of gray matter deeply situated in the forebrain at the topmost portion of the diencephalon
structure -->sensory and motor functions Almost all sensory information enter this structure where neurons send that information to the overlying cortex. Hypothalamus position: ventral to the thalamus
controls homeostasis, emotion, thirst, hunger, circadian rhythms, autonomic nervous system
controls the pituitary gland Amygdala part of the telencephalon(cerebrum)
located in the temporal lobe
involved in memory, emotion, and fear. Hippocampus the portion of the cerebral hemispheres in basal medial part of the temporal lobe
important for learning and memory
converting short term memory to more permanent memory
recalling spatial relationships involved in functions such as vision, hearing, eyemovement, and body movement.
anterior part has the cerebral peduncle(huge bundle of axons traveling from the cerebral cortex through the brain stem and these fibers along with other structures) --> important for voluntary motor function
Midbrain Pons part of the metencephalon in the hindbrain
involved in motor control and sensory analysis(example:information from the ear first enters the brain in the pons)
has parts important for the level of consciousness and for sleep
some structures are linked to the cerebellum (involved in movement and posture)
Medulla Oblongata between the pons and spinal cord
responsible for maintaining vital body functions (like breathing and heartrate) How to improve your brain? Cerebrum:
solve puzzles and brainteasers.
Cultivate ambidexterity(Use your non-dominant hand to brush your teeth, comb your hair or use the mouse. Write with both hands simultaneously)
Embrace ambiguity. Learn to enjoy things like paradoxes and optical illusions.
solve mental math questions
Block one or more senses. (Eat blindfolded, wear earplugs, shower with your eyes closed)
catching and throwing a ball
March in Place- stand tall and march in place
touch the right hand to the left knee and vice versa
Eye movements- stand tall and place playing cards on a wall in the positions of 2,3,4,6,8,9,10 and12. Space the cards equally to simulate a clock at a distance of 2-4 ft. Look in various directions, targeting the different numbers on the cards.
One leg balance- increase the challenge,recite recently learned information like math facts, spelling.

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