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History of educational (in)equality

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brian cruz

on 13 October 2014

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Transcript of History of educational (in)equality

CSU, Dominguez Hills
Summer 2014
History of educational (in)equality
“You can’t truly know where you are,
or where you’re going, unless you understand where you’ve come from.”

Plessy v. Ferguson, (1896)
Prohibits segregating Mexican American children in California
One of many court cases that aimed to challenge the unequal educational opportunities available to non-white students
Mendez v. Westminster, (1946)
separate but equal for schools
Brown v. Board of Education, (1954)
was a landmark U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students
The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896 which allowed state-sponsored segregation. Handed down on May 17, 1954, the unanimous (9–0) decision stated that "separate educational facilities are
inherently unequal
." This ruling paved the way for integration and the civil rights movement.

Students fought for their right to quality education
The civil rights movements of the 1960’s inspired many college students to play an active role in effecting changes with a system that created economic and social barriers that lead to poverty and discrimination.

The 1960’s were a time when students from east and west coast universities began to develop a political consciousness.

Poverty, discrimination, and other socio-economic barriers began to be linked to the lack of higher education opportunities for many minority and socially disadvantaged students.

Students fought for their right to quality education
1960’S The Civil Rights Movement
Minorities did not have the resources or financial means and were not prepared for a four year institution.
A major issue that emerged was the lack of access to a higher education.

1968 at San Francisco State University
Students had sit-ins and strikes to have demands met by the administrators.

1968 LA High School Walkouts
While college students were fighting for equal access to higher education, K-12 students were fighting for equal treatment in schools.

Los Angeles High School Walkouts (1968)
More than 50 years after Brown v. Board of Education:

Many students do not have adequate guidance from high school counselors
The student to counselor ratio is 600/1
This makes it difficult for counselors to keep up with students demand

Many schools lack the resources and rigor to ensure that students are well-prepared to succeed in college.

Many students are still fighting for equal treatment and educational access

LAUSD c/o 2013 – 66% graduated in 4 years

Only 41% of LAUSD 2013 graduates completed the A-G requirements.

Only 44% of high school graduates in LA County went on to attend college.

High School Statistics
Think – Pair - Share
Think about your educational experience.

Do you think you and your peers had equal access to educational opportunities?
If so, why?
If not, why not?

Do you think you and your peers had the educational opportunities you needed to be prepared for college?
Provide 1-2 examples.

What, if any, connection do you see between the East LA High School Walkouts and the LAUSD Battle for A-G?
Battle for A-G in LAUSD (2005)
Group discussion
What are your initial reactions to the video?
What role do you believe students can play in making change?

Did you observe or participate in any type of student movement during your years in high school?
If so, explain.
You are part of this legacy…
Remember that there was a time in our nation’s history (not so long ago) when many students had little or no access to higher education.

Remember that people in our local community and across the country fought for years and are still fighting for equal educational access for all.

REMEMBER, the tools you are provided, the skills you develop, and the relationships you build through your participation in EOP/ETE & Summer Bridge will benefit you for the rest of your life!

Group Dialogue
What was the most interesting thing you learned through your participation in the Social Justice Academy?

Now that you know more about Social Justice, do you think/feel any differently about being a student at CSUDH?

Now that you have been educated about Social Justice, who will you educate?

Social Justice Review
Social Justice is YOU!

Equal access to opportunities
Standing up for what you believe in
Knowing injustice when you see it
"education doesn't change the world: it changes
the people that will change the world"
Paulo Freire
Did you know?
Plessy v. Ferguson, (1896)

Mendez v. Westminster, (1946)

Brown v. Board of Education, (1954)
Why are programs like EOP & ETE still needed today?
Full transcript