Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

2013-14 Dr. MLK, Jr. Essay Contest Assignment

2014 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr Essay Outline
by

Susie Myers

on 4 November 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of 2013-14 Dr. MLK, Jr. Essay Contest Assignment

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
30th Annual USOE Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Contest Instructions
2013-14
http://www.schools.utah.gov/equity/Martin-Luther-King-Jr--Contest.aspx
As you write your essay or create your video, reflect on the following quote and answer the three questions:
Quote: “IN THE END, WE WILL REMEMBER NOT THE WORDS OF OUR ENEMIES, BUT THE SILENCE OF OUR FRIENDS.” – Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. – 1967



CONTEST ENTRY RULES
30th Annual USOE Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Contest Instructions Who: 7th-12th grade Utah public school, charter school and private school students
are eligible to enter the contest.
What: Essay Entry: Typed, 500 words or less Video Entry: Three (3) minutes or less
When: All entries MUST be delivered or postmarked on or before the contest
deadline of Wednesday, November 20, 2013. How: As you write your essay or create your video, reflect on the following quote
and answer the two questions.
2014 contest theme quote: “IN THE END, WE WILL REMEMBER NOT THE WORDS OF OUR ENEMIES, BUT THE SILENCE OF OUR FRIENDS.” – Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., 1967
Questions:
1. What does this quote mean to you? 2. How can you use this quote to honor Dr. King and the legacy he left the
world?
Students should study the writings and speeches of Dr. King. They should have an understanding of what Dr. King valued and believed, what he preached and taught, and how our society is different because of his legacy.
Why: Prizes:
To honor Dr. King’s legacy of civil rights, unity, equality and human rights.
Awards will be given in two age groups: grades 7-9 and grades 10-12
Grand Prize Winners:
 Essay Category (7th-9th)—$150 cash prize  Video Category (7th-9th)—$150 cash prize (prize divided for group
entries)  Essay Category (10th-12th)—$150 cash prize and scholarship to Camp
Anytown, hosted by the Utah Inclusion Center ($300 six-day camp)  Video Category (10th-12th)—$150 cash prize and scholarship to Camp
Anytown, hosted by the Utah Inclusion Center (prize divided for group
entries, $300 six-day camp)
Grade Level Winners:
 Essay Category (four winners)—$75 cash prize  Video Category (four winners)—$75 cash prize
In addition, all Grand Prize and Grade Level winners will be invited to attend the Winners Luncheon on Tuesday, January 15, 2014, at Hilda B. Jones Center 382 East Baird Ave (3600 South) Salt Lake City, UT, where they will receive their awards with a keynote presentation.
RIGHTS: By participating in the contest, participants give the Utah State Office of Education the right to reproduce essays and videos for publicity purposes.
Entries will not be returned.
POWER POINT ENTRY EXTRA CREDIT
 PowerPoint, etc. may be used in place of video formats/equipment.  File Size: File size should not exceed 2 GB.  Format: Only widely known formats and codecs may be used.  Videos should have a 16:9 or 4:3 ratio with a resolution of at least 640 x 360 or
640 x 480.  Bitrate must be at least 700 kbs.  Pixel ratio must be 1:1.  Videos should not be interlaced.  DEADLINE: DVD and signed entry form must be postmarked or delivered by
Wednesday, November 20, 2013. Videos must be submitted with a complete
entry form (including parent/guardian’s signature for photo/video release).  Videos will be judged on overall content, impact, creativity, and mechanics.
"I Have a Dream"
50 Year
Anniversay

Theme Development
 Students should focus on Dr. King’s vision of living in a nation united and not segregated by race, class or creed, and consider how they are demonstrating this vision by providing examples from their own lives.
 Students should focus on Dr. King’s Principles of Nonviolence.
 Students should focus on how we as a nation can eliminate racism, stereotyping, prejudice, discrimination, and violence—the things that Dr. King challenged us to eliminate from our society.
 All well-done entries should be both informative and motivational.
 In addition, entries will be judged on creativity and the student's ability to offer personal insights, show new ways to look at issues, and propose original solutions to unsolved problems.
 No racial or offensive comments or materials may be included. If an entry has racist or offensive content it will not be accepted.
Students should focus on “Promises to Keep,” the vision and mission of the Utah State Board of Education and Utah State Office of Education.
Promises to Keep is a statement of vision and mission for Utah’s system of public education. The statement relies on the language of the Utah Constitution for its central premise. It is intended to provide focus to the work of the State Board of Education, the Utah State Office of Education, and all school districts, local boards of education, and charter schools within the general control and supervision of the Board.
The Vision of Public Education
Utah’s public education system is created in the state Constitution to “secure and perpetuate” freedom.
Freedom, as envisioned in the Utah Constitution, is a promise to future generations that requires: • Citizen participation in civic and political affairs. • Economic prosperity for the community.
• Strong moral and social values. • Loyalty and commitment to constitutional government.
The premise of Promises to Keep is that there are essential, core “promises” that leaders in the public education system should be clear about with citizens of Utah; that these “promises” are made as part of the civic compact at work as the citizens of Utah give into our hands resources for the public education system; that
citizens should have high expectations regarding our success in the essential “promised” work of public education.
MYACCESS AND CONTEST ESSAY REQUIREMENTS
After viewing the reading Dr. King's speech, write a six to seven sentence paragraph summary constructed response in your journal for exit ticket # 1 which is 25 points. Include exposition, mood, tone, and theme.
http://www.archives.gov/press/exhibits/dream-speech.pdf




After viewing the following video, write a six to seven sentence paragraph summary constructed response in your journal for exit ticket #2 which is 25 points. Include who, what, where, when, why, and how (5 W's and an H).
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/dr-king-is-assassinated





EXTRA CREDIT VIDEO
Essay Requirements:
SUBMIT ESSAY ON MYACCESS BY NOVEMBER 15TH. STUDENTS WISHING TO SUBMIT ESSAY TO CONTEST MUST TURN SEND ESSAY IN BEFORE DEADLINE AND TURN IN SIGNED NOTE FROM PARENT REGARDING SUBMISSION.
 All essays must be 500 words or less.  Entries must be typed and double-spaced.  Do not list students’ name(s) on the essay (essays will be judged anonymously).
o No cover sheets or report covers.  Do not staple the essay. The student should only fill out the information on the
entry form and PAPERCLIP it to the essay.  DEADLINE: Essay and completed, signed entry form must be postmarked, e-
mailed, or delivered by Wednesday, November 20, 2013. o Essays must be submitted with a complete entry form (including
parent/guardian’s signature for photo/video release). o Essays will be judged on content, impact, creativity, and mechanics.
VIDEO REQUIREMENTS
Three (3) minutes maximum, including all credits for sources used.  Do not list students’ name(s) in the video (videos will be judged anonymously).  If students create a video as a group, the prize will be divided among the
group’s members. o The exception is the scholarship to the Inclusion Center’s Anytown camp. If
a group wins, the Inclusion Center will offer the group a 50% discount off
Anytown camp registration, per student.  Original submissions only—entries must be the original work of the entrant and
not previously published.  Students may not use any copyrighted material, including music, trademarks,
movie clips, etc., that is owned by someone else.  Music: Entrants may use their own original music, or they must use
http://www.soundzabound.com/.
Definition of Terms
CONTENT: Content is the student’s idea (thesis). Essays/videos should generate fresh, independent ideas in the application of Dr. King’s ideas to the issues of racism, discrimination and justice. The ideas should be sustained and developed throughout the essay/video.
CLARITY: Clarity is the straightforwardness of the student’s explanation of how Dr. King’s vision has an impact on his/her life.
CONTINUITY: Continuity is the orderly progression of an essay/video from one thought to the next. Usually, this is apparent in the flow and growth from one idea to the next. An essay/video with continuity "feels" like an idea is growing. Ideas, examples, and paraphrasing should be presented in a manner and sequence that is not changeable.
RELATIONSHIP TO THEME: The essay fulfills the purpose of the topic. Students should measure their own lives and goals beside the vision, principles, and beliefs of Dr. King. The essay/video does not digress or inappropriately dwell on Dr. King’s ideas or contemporary issues. The essay/video sustains a focus on how each student can apply Dr. King’s ideas to his/her own life, along with the theme, write an essay or create an original video responding to this year’s theme.
As you write your essay or create your video, reflect on the following quote and answer the three questions:
Quote: “IN THE END, WE WILL REMEMBER NOT THE WORDS OF OUR ENEMIES, BUT THE SILENCE OF OUR FRIENDS.” – Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. – 1967
Questions:
1. What does this quote mean to you? 2. How can you use this quote to honor Dr. King and the legacy he left the
world?
UNITY: Unity includes the essay’s diction, metaphors, images, tone, and all matters of style. These matters need to be consistent and make the essays/videos content (ideas) more effective. Unity includes the appropriateness of rhetorical devices such as questions, hyperbole, understatement, sentence structures, and inductive/deductive development of paragraphs.
MECHANICS: Mechanics includes all matters of Standard English. Besides correctness, mechanics are best thought of as how well the author utilizes the resources of grammar and usage to create an effect and make clear his/her point.
EFFECTIVENESS: Effectiveness includes evaluating the essay’s/video’s success at creating an effect. Have we been moved and brought to a new insight, a new clarity of feeling and thought? The most effective essays/videos avoid overwriting (the excessive and inappropriate use of language to shock and draw attention).
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Principles of Nonviolence
Nonviolent resistance is not a method for cowards. Though not physically aggressive toward his opponent, the nonviolent resister constantly seeks to persuade an opponent that he is wrong.
Nonviolence does not seek to defeat or humiliate an opponent, but aims to win his friendship and understanding.
The nonviolent attack is directed at the forces of evil, rather than against people who happen to be doing evil.
Nonviolent resistance is a willingness to accept blows from an opponent without striking back.
Nonviolent resistance avoids not only external physical violence but also internal violence of the spirit. One not only refuses to shoot his opponent but also refuses to hate him.
Nonviolent resistance is based on the conviction that the universe is on the side of justice, resulting in a deep faith in the future.
POWER POINT SUBMISSION
PowerPoint, etc. may be used in place of video formats/equipment.  File Size: File size should not exceed 2 GB.  Format: Only widely known formats and codecs may be used.  Videos should have a 16:9 or 4:3 ratio with a resolution of at least 640 x 360 or
640 x 480.  Bitrate must be at least 700 kbs.  Pixel ratio must be 1:1.  Videos should not be interlaced.  DEADLINE: DVD and signed entry form must be postmarked or delivered by
Wednesday, November 20, 2013. Videos must be submitted with a complete
entry form (including parent/guardian’s signature for photo/video release).  Videos will be judged on overall content, impact, creativity, and mechanics
PAST WINNERS and Contest directions are located on this site :
http://www.schools.utah.gov/equity/Martin-Luther-King-Jr--Contest.aspx



D. Martin Luther King, Jr.
MyAccess Essay and State Contest
Are YOU the Next Winner?

2013 KJH's 8th Grade State Winner
Pacian Garrett

2013 Winning Video
3rd Place - Middle School DivisionRobin Maher7th Grade, St Thomas More Catholic School
What is My Dream for My Community?
My dream, what is my dream for my community?  If I was asked I would probably say that my dream for my community would be for it to be gang free, peaceful, and to change our transportation methods.  These are great ideas, so I will tell why I chose them for this essay.
If my community was gang free there wouldn't be any shootings or violence.  If there were no shootings then there wouldn't be as many deaths as there are now.  There would be calmness in our community.  Gangs cause a lot of problems in our society, but if there were no more gangs then there wouldn't be as many problems or as much violence.  Getting gangs out of our community would bring it peace.
To make our community gang free, we would have to clean up the streets.  The main cause of gangs is teens dropping out of school.  When they drop out of school they can get under the wrong influence.  When that happens they can do all sorts of illegal things that cause the violence or shootings.  We would need a lot of people who are against gangs to get together and hold peaceful rallies that are against gangs.  Hopefully, then we would be on our way to a gang free community and we will bring peace.
Peace would be another one of my dreams.  We could follow the example of many peace makers such as Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, and Mother Teresa.  When we are fighting against something, we should use peaceful protesting.  We should not be killing; hurting; or causing violence while protesting.  By being nice to one another and following the golden rule, we should have peace.
There are many ways of making peace.  If one person stays calm instead of getting angry then that can save the whole day because they all would be calm instead of being aggravated.  Simple things like that can bring peace to one's day.  Calmness is really the key to one's peacefulness.  Simple acts of kindness can bring peace to our community. Changing our form of transportation would be a big dream of mine.  I've always wanted our community to have a monorail system.  That would change our entire community.  It would definitely help with our pollution problems too.  Monorails use electricity which does require some sort of power.  We could use wind power to make the electricity for the monorail.  It would be a fun and creative addition to our community
.The three things that I have stated for my dream are for a gang free community, peace, and a better transportation service.  I think that these can be helpful for an improvement to our community.  In the end, I hope that improvements are made to make this community a better place for all.


Example

1st Place - Middle School DivisionKristyn Sorensen8th Grade, Morton Magnet Middle School
My Dream
”A Man that won't die for something is not fit to live."  This quote was stated by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.   Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a person who fought for what he believed in and wouldn't stop fighting until he reached it.  He fought for equal rights with his speeches and peaceful strikes until it took his life.  He fought for his children and his community so they could live peaceful lives without being judged by the color of their skin.
My vision for my community is that people will be treated equally.  In the past and in present day, people have been discriminated against because of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, and so much more.  These people that have been discriminated against were created the same as you and me.  Everyone was created equally.  There are slight differences between people, but these differences shouldn't cause people to deny others jobs or even housing.  These people that are denied these opportunities were discriminated against due to simple things like race or gender, like others had been discriminated against in the past and is still happening today.
My vision for my future and the future of my children is that we will live in a community where racism and discrimination are no longer existing issues.  I want my children to live lives that have little worry about being discriminated against because of their physical aspects.  I hope that my daughters will not have to worry about finding a job because of their gender.  I hope that they will not have to worry about the payment they will receive is the same as a man's.
I hope that one day discrimination and racism will no longer be an issue or factor in people's lives.  I feel that if we were all generic copies of each other we would all be treated the same.  I believe that equal treatment should not depend on race or anything else, but by what you bring to the table.


Dr. King Example Essays

•Read the directions carefully.
•Make sure the prompt is understood and followed precisely.
•Plan the essay before actually writing it.
•Budget time wisely.
•Be neat.
•Don’t write overly long introductions or conclusions.
•Focus on one idea per paragraph
•Always proofread for spelling, punctuation and grammar.

Essay Test Taking Tips

The writer restates, in general terms, the major arguments he has marshaled in defense of his thesis. the writer may summarize key points, restate his thesis, reinforce the weakness of his opposition, underscore the logic of his presentation, re-emphasize why this debate is important, suggest a course of action, or challenge the reader to apply the paper’s argument to his own life.

In the Conclusion

The writer acknowledges the opposition. To not do so, may be considered cowardice, stupidity, dishonesty, or weakness. However, acknowledgement does not imply agreement. In this portion of the essay, the writer needs to “refute” or disagree intelligently with the opposition.
*A Gentle Reminder from Lester Faigley and Jack Selzers’ Good Reasons:
1.“Try to think of yourself as engaged not so much in winning over your audienceas in courting your audience’s cooperation.”
2. “Show that you understand and genuinely respect your listener’s or reader’sposition even if you think the position is ultimately wrong.”

In the Refutation

The writer presents his points of discussion, which (the topic sentence) directly correlates with the thesis. Each point is typically given its own paragraph and is supported by evidence. Most often, the writer begins with his weakest point and concludes with his stronger arguments. If all the writer’s points are equally strong, he builds a relationship with his audience by discussing the most familiar, less controversial points first.

In the Body Paragraphs

Background is appropriate.
This may consist of a brief history of related past events, a summary of others’ opinions, or a review of the basic facts.
a thesis statement is required. This informs the reader of the writer’s opinion regarding the matter under discussion and previews his plan of development

In the Introduction

Building an Argument

Solving a Problem

The Thought Exchange
Creative and critical thinking are two halves of a cycle: inspiration and expiration.
Creative thinking draws in possibilities. It is an expansive process, filling you with new ideas from the outside. Creativity reaches beyond what is known and into the unknown . . . to discover something new. Creativity is not necessarily discerning. You don’t separate the nitrogen from the oxygen in the air before you breathe it in. Your chest simply expands, and in it comes. Creative thinking can be exhilarating, flooding you with new possibilities.
Critical thinking, on the other hand, sorts through the possibilities to do something practical. Critical thinking analyzes, applies, and evaluates. It categorizes, compares, contrasts, and traces causes and effects. It’s like separating the oxygen out of the air you breathe in, in order to enrich your cells, or extracting the carbon dioxide from your blood, in order to exhale it. Critical thinking takes what creative thinking has amassed and sorts it, keeping the best and discarding the worst.

Thinking Like Breathing

Applications/Microsoft Office 2008/2013 Argumentative Unit Standard Templates.docx
http://www.uen.org/core/languagearts/writing/argumentative.shtml
Applications/Microsoft Office 2008/2013-14 MUG Shot Template Unit .docx



UTAH COMMON CORE

Myers’ 2013-2014

Elements of an Argumentative Essay

Elements of an Argumentative Essay Field 96 Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois


Cited Sources

2nd Place-Middle School DivisionJames Franco7th Grade, St. Thomas More Catholic School
A Clean Vision
I had a vision, and in this vision I saw Nebraska.  I saw Nebraska on a list, a list of the best states in the United States.  What will make it one of the best states?  The fact that it will become one of the first states to run on clean and renewable energy makes it one of the best states ever.  Nebraska needs to stop using fossil fuels and foreign oil.  Nebraska needs to turn to a cleaner energy source for the needs of its people.
In September of 2010 the United States sent $26.0 billion dollars over seas.  In order to stop this, someone needs to speak up and do something about it.  We do have the technology for clean energy, and we need to use it.  When I visit my grandmother's house in Bondurant, Iowa, I see lots and lots of wind turbines.  I wonder why I don't see that many in Nebraska.  The answer is that Nebraska does not pursue the ability to make clean energy.
Adrenaline runs through my veins as I stand atop my family's home-bine, a new practice that puts wind turbines on the top of civilian houses.  My name is Mike Bolga and I work on home-bines for a job to help clean the air we breathe.  Tears stream down my face as I drive home from the doctor's office.  I am Steve Yula and I manage the coal trains that are becoming lighter and lighter by the week.  I was just informed that I have lung cancer from the increasing amount of pollution from the power plants.  Who would you rather be?  We need to change our community's way of making power.
The future of Nebraska's energy will not only rely on one type of energy source but many.  It would not be very smart to put solar panels in a place where they get little sun.  Nebraska has a long history of using clean energy.  In fact, work is underway on the construction of the 60-megawatt Ainsworth Wind Energy Facility, which will be Nebraska's largest wind facility when it is finished.
Clean energy not only helps our state in technological advancements it would create lots of jobs also.  Because of the United State's current economy, many people have been left jobless.  Nebraska will need people to build all of the wind turbines, solar panels, and dams.  The pros are much greater than the cons in renewable and clean energy.  This is my vision! 


Example

•Does the essay develop an argumentative thesis?
•Has the writer considered the opinions, attitudes, and values of his audience?
• Has the writer identified and refuted opposing arguments?
•Has the writer supported his assertions with evidence?
•Has the writer established his credibility?
•Has the writer been fair?
•Has the writer provided the reader with enough background information?
•Has the writer presented his points clearly and organized them logically? •Has the writer written an interesting introduction and a strong conclusion?
•Has the writer presented his thoughts in a way that the reader is a “respected partner” rather than a “competitor”? Has he set forth his arguments in the spirit of “mutual support” and “negotiation”? Has he invited “cooperation” rather than “resistance”?

A Checklist : Writing Argumentative Essays

An Argumentative Essay contains the following
•an introduction
• support
•a refutation
•a conclusion

Elements of an Argumentative Essay

Painting a Picture

Elements of an Argumentative Essay Field 96 Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois


Cited Sources

2nd Place-Middle School DivisionJames Franco7th Grade, St. Thomas More Catholic School
A Clean Vision
I had a vision, and in this vision I saw Nebraska.  I saw Nebraska on a list, a list of the best states in the United States.  What will make it one of the best states?  The fact that it will become one of the first states to run on clean and renewable energy makes it one of the best states ever.  Nebraska needs to stop using fossil fuels and foreign oil.  Nebraska needs to turn to a cleaner energy source for the needs of its people.
In September of 2010 the United States sent $26.0 billion dollars over seas.  In order to stop this, someone needs to speak up and do something about it.  We do have the technology for clean energy, and we need to use it.  When I visit my grandmother's house in Bondurant, Iowa, I see lots and lots of wind turbines.  I wonder why I don't see that many in Nebraska.  The answer is that Nebraska does not pursue the ability to make clean energy.
Adrenaline runs through oit my veins as I atop my family's home-bine, a new practice that puts wind turbines on the top of civilian houses.  My name is Mike Bolga and I work on home-bines for a job to help clean the air we breathe.  Tears stream down my face as I drive home from the doctor's office.  I am Steve Yula and I manage the coal trains that are becoming lighter and lighter by the week.  I was just informed that I have lung cancer from the increasing amount of pollution from the power plants.  Who would you rather be?  We need to change our community's way of making power.
The future of Nebraska's energy will not only rely on one type of energy source but many.  It would not be very smart to put solar panels in a place where they get little sun.  Nebraska has a long history of using clean energy.  In fact, work is underway on the construction of the 60-megawatt Ainsworth Wind Energy Facility, which will be Nebraska's largest wind facility when it is finished.
Clean energy not only helps our state in technological advancements it would create lots of jobs also.  Because of the United State's current economy, many people have been left jobless.  Nebraska will need people to build all of the wind turbines, solar panels, and dams.  The pros are much greater than the cons in renewable and clean energy.  This is my vision! 


Example

•Read the directions carefully.
•Make sure the prompt is understood and followed precisely.
•Plan the essay before actually writing it.
•Budget time wisely.
•Be neat.
•Don’t write overly long introductions or conclusions.
•Focus on one idea per paragraph
•Always proofread for spelling, punctuation and grammar.

Essay Test Taking Tips

The writer restates, in general terms, the major arguments he has marshaled in defense of his thesis. the writer may summarize key points, restate his thesis, reinforce the weakness of his opposition, underscore the logic of his presentation, re-emphasize why this debate is important, suggest a course of action, or challenge the reader to apply the paper’s argument to his own life.

In the Conclusion

The writer acknowledges the opposition. To not do so, may be considered cowardice, stupidity, dishonesty, or weakness. However, acknowledgement does not imply agreement. In this portion of the essay, the writer needs to “refute” or disagree intelligently with the opposition.
*A Gentle Reminder from Lester Faigley and Jack Selzers’ Good Reasons:
1.“Try to think of yourself as engaged not so much in winning over your audienceas in courting your audience’s cooperation.”
2. “Show that you understand and genuinely respect your listener’s or reader’sposition even if you think the position is ultimately wrong.”

In the Refutation

Background is appropriate.
This may consist of a brief history of related past events, a summary of others’ opinions, or a review of the basic facts.
a thesis statement is required. This informs the reader of the writer’s opinion regarding the matter under discussion and previews his plan of development

In the Introduction

An Argumentative Essay contains the following
•an introduction
• support
•a refutation
•a conclusion

Elements of an Argumentative Essay

Building an Argument

The Thought Exchange
Creative and critical thinking are two halves of a cycle: inspiration and expiration.
Creative thinking draws in possibilities. It is an expansive process, filling you with new ideas from the outside. Creativity reaches beyond what is known and into the unknown . . . to discover something new. Creativity is not necessarily discerning. You don’t separate the nitrogen from the oxygen in the air before you breathe it in. Your chest simply expands, and in it comes. Creative thinking can be exhilarating, flooding you with new possibilities.
Critical thinking, on the other hand, sorts through the possibilities to do something practical. Critical thinking analyzes, applies, and evaluates. It categorizes, compares, contrasts, and traces causes and effects. It’s like separating the oxygen out of the air you breathe in, in order to enrich your cells, or extracting the carbon dioxide from your blood, in order to exhale it. Critical thinking takes what creative thinking has amassed and sorts it, keeping the best and discarding the worst.

Thinking Like Breathing

Applications/Microsoft Office 2008/2013 Argumentative Unit Standard Templates.docx
http://www.uen.org/core/languagearts/writing/argumentative.shtml
Applications/Microsoft Office 2008/2013-14 MUG Shot Template Unit .docx



UTAH COMMON CORE

Myers’ 2013-2014

Elements of an Argumentative Essay

3rd Place - Middle School DivisionRobin Maher7th Grade, St Thomas More Catholic School
What is My Dream for My Community?
My dream, what is my dream for my community?  If I was asked I would probably say that my dream for my community would be for it to be gang free, peaceful, and to change our transportation methods.  These are great ideas, so I will tell why I chose them for this essay.
If my community was gang free there wouldn't be any shootings or violence.  If there were no shootings then there wouldn't be as many deaths as there are now.  There would be calmness in our community.  Gangs cause a lot of problems in our society, but if there were no more gangs then there wouldn't be as many problems or as much violence.  Getting gangs out of our community would bring it peace.
To make our community gang free, we would have to clean up the streets.  The main cause of gangs is teens dropping out of school.  When they drop out of school they can get under the wrong influence.  When that happens they can do all sorts of illegal things that cause the violence or shootings.  We would need a lot of people who are against gangs to get together and hold peaceful rallies that are against gangs.  Hopefully, then we would be on our way to a gang free community and we will bring peace.
Peace would be another one of my dreams.  We could follow the example of many peace makers such as Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, and Mother Teresa.  When we are fighting against something, we should use peaceful protesting.  We should not be killing; hurting; or causing violence while protesting.  By being nice to one another and following the golden rule, we should have peace.
There are many ways of making peace.  If one person stays calm instead of getting angry then that can save the whole day because they all would be calm instead of being aggravated.  Simple things like that can bring peace to one's day.  Calmness is really the key to one's peacefulness.  Simple acts of kindness can bring peace to our community. Changing our form of transportation would be a big dream of mine.  I've always wanted our community to have a monorail system.  That would change our entire community.  It would definitely help with our pollution problems too.  Monorails use electricity which does require some sort of power.  We could use wind power to make the electricity for the monorail.  It would be a fun and creative addition to our community
.The three things that I have stated for my dream are for a gang free community, peace, and a better transportation service.  I think that these can be helpful for an improvement to our community.  In the end, I hope that improvements are made to make this community a better place for all.


Example

1st Place - Middle School DivisionKristyn Sorensen8th Grade, Morton Magnet Middle School
My Dream
”A Man that won't die for something is not fit to live."  This quote was stated by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.   Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a person who fought for what he believed in and wouldn't stop fighting until he reached it.  He fought for equal rights with his speeches and peaceful strikes until it took his life.  He fought for his children and his community so they could live peaceful lives without being judged by the color of their skin.
My vision for my community is that people will be treated equally.  In the past and in present day, people have been discriminated against because of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, and so much more.  These people that have been discriminated against were created the same as you and me.  Everyone was created equally.  There are slight differences between people, but these differences shouldn't cause people to deny others jobs or even housing.  These people that are denied these opportunities were discriminated against due to simple things like race or gender, like others had been discriminated against in the past and is still happening today.
My vision for my future and the future of my children is that we will live in a community where racism and discrimination are no longer existing issues.  I want my children to live lives that have little worry about being discriminated against because of their physical aspects.  I hope that my daughters will not have to worry about finding a job because of their gender.  I hope that they will not have to worry about the payment they will receive is the same as a man's.
I hope that one day discrimination and racism will no longer be an issue or factor in people's lives.  I feel that if we were all generic copies of each other we would all be treated the same.  I believe that equal treatment should not depend on race or anything else, but by what you bring to the table.


Dr. King Example Essays


Does the essay develop an argumentative thesis?
•Has the writer considered the opinions, attitudes, and values of his audience?
• Has the writer identified and refuted opposing arguments?
•Has the writer supported his assertions with evidence?
•Has the writer established his credibility?
•Has the writer been fair?
•Has the writer provided the reader with enough background information?
•Has the writer presented his points clearly and organized them logically? •Has the writer written an interesting introduction and a strong conclusion?
•Has the writer presented his thoughts in a way that the reader is a “respected partner” rather than a “competitor”? Has he set forth his arguments in the spirit of “mutual support” and “negotiation”? Has he invited “cooperation” rather than “resistance”?

A Checklist : Writing Argumentative Essays

The writer presents his points of discussion, which (the topic sentence) directly correlates with the thesis. Each point is typically given its own paragraph and is supported by evidence. Most often, the writer begins with his weakest point and concludes with his stronger arguments. If all the writer’s points are equally strong, he builds a relationship with his audience by discussing the most familiar, less controversial points first.

In the Body Paragraphs

Painting a Picture

Solving a Problem

Elements of an Argumentative Essay Field 96 Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois


Cited Sources

3rd Place - Middle School DivisionRobin Maher7th Grade, St Thomas More Catholic School
What is My Dream for My Community?
My dream, what is my dream for my community?  If I was asked I would probably say that my dream for my community would be for it to be gang free, peaceful, and to change our transportation methods.  These are great ideas, so I will tell why I chose them for this essay.
If my community was gang free there wouldn't be any shootings or violence.  If there were no shootings then there wouldn't be as many deaths as there are now.  There would be calmness in our community.  Gangs cause a lot of problems in our society, but if there were no more gangs then there wouldn't be as many problems or as much violence.  Getting gangs out of our community would bring it peace.
To make our community gang free, we would have to clean up the streets.  The main cause of gangs is teens dropping out of school.  When they drop out of school they can get under the wrong influence.  When that happens they can do all sorts of illegal things that cause the violence or shootings.  We would need a lot of people who are against gangs to get together and hold peaceful rallies that are against gangs.  Hopefully, then we would be on our way to a gang free community and we will bring peace.
Peace would be another one of my dreams.  We could follow the example of many peace makers such as Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, and Mother Teresa.  When we are fighting against something, we should use peaceful protesting.  We should not be killing; hurting; or causing violence while protesting.  By being nice to one another and following the golden rule, we should have peace.
There are many ways of making peace.  If one person stays calm instead of getting angry then that can save the whole day because they all would be calm instead of being aggravated.  Simple things like that can bring peace to one's day.  Calmness is really the key to one's peacefulness.  Simple acts of kindness can bring peace to our community. Changing our form of transportation would be a big dream of mine.  I've always wanted our community to have a monorail system.  That would change our entire community.  It would definitely help with our pollution problems too.  Monorails use electricity which does require some sort of power.  We could use wind power to make the electricity for the monorail.  It would be a fun and creative addition to our community
.The three things that I have stated for my dream are for a gang free community, peace, and a better transportation service.  I think that these can be helpful for an improvement to our community.  In the end, I hope that improvements are made to make this community a better place for all.


Example

1st Place - Middle School DivisionKristyn Sorensen8th Grade, Morton Magnet Middle School
My Dream
”A Man that won't die for something is not fit to live."  This quote was stated by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.   Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a person who fought for what he believed in and wouldn't stop fighting until he reached it.  He fought for equal rights with his speeches and peaceful strikes until it took his life.  He fought for his children and his community so they could live peaceful lives without being judged by the color of their skin.
My vision for my community is that people will be treated equally.  In the past and in present day, people have been discriminated against because of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, and so much more.  These people that have been discriminated against were created the same as you and me.  Everyone was created equally.  There are slight differences between people, but these differences shouldn't cause people to deny others jobs or even housing.  These people that are denied these opportunities were discriminated against due to simple things like race or gender, like others had been discriminated against in the past and is still happening today.
My vision for my future and the future of my children is that we will live in a community where racism and discrimination are no longer existing issues.  I want my children to live lives that have little worry about being discriminated against because of their physical aspects.  I hope that my daughters will not have to worry about finding a job because of their gender.  I hope that they will not have to worry about the payment they will receive is the same as a man's.
I hope that one day discrimination and racism will no longer be an issue or factor in people's lives.  I feel that if we were all generic copies of each other we would all be treated the same.  I believe that equal treatment should not depend on race or anything else, but by what you bring to the table.


Dr. King Example Essays

•Does the essay develop an argumentative thesis?
•Has the writer considered the opinions, attitudes, and values of his audience?
• Has the writer identified and refuted opposing arguments?
•Has the writer supported his assertions with evidence?
•Has the writer established his credibility?
•Has the writer been fair?
•Has the writer provided the reader with enough background information?
•Has the writer presented his points clearly and organized them logically? •Has the writer written an interesting introduction and a strong conclusion?
•Has the writer presented his thoughts in a way that the reader is a “respected partner” rather than a “competitor”? Has he set forth his arguments in the spirit of “mutual support” and “negotiation”? Has he invited “cooperation” rather than “resistance”?

A Checklist : Writing Argumentative Essays

The writer acknowledges the opposition. To not do so, may be considered cowardice, stupidity, dishonesty, or weakness. However, acknowledgement does not imply agreement. In this portion of the essay, the writer needs to “refute” or disagree intelligently with the opposition.
*A Gentle Reminder from Lester Faigley and Jack Selzers’ Good Reasons:
1.“Try to think of yourself as engaged not so much in winning over your audience as in courting your audience’s cooperation.”
2. “Show that you understand and genuinely respect your listener’s or reader’s position even if you think the position is ultimately wrong.”

In the Refutation

The writer presents his points of discussion, which (the topic sentence) directly correlates with the thesis. Each point is typically given its own paragraph and is supported by evidence. Most often, the writer begins with his weakest point and concludes with his stronger arguments. If all the writer’s points are equally strong, he builds a relationship with his audience by discussing the most familiar, less controversial points first.

In the Body Paragraphs

An Argumentative Essay contains the following
•an introduction
• support
•a refutation
•a conclusion

Elements of an Argumentative Essay

Building an Argument

The Thought Exchange
Creative and critical thinking are two halves of a cycle: inspiration and expiration.
Creative thinking draws in possibilities. It is an expansive process, filling you with new ideas from the outside. Creativity reaches beyond what is known and into the unknown . . . to discover something new. Creativity is not necessarily discerning. You don’t separate the nitrogen from the oxygen in the air before you breathe it in. Your chest simply expands, and in it comes. Creative thinking can be exhilarating, flooding you with new possibilities.
Critical thinking, on the other hand, sorts through the possibilities to do something practical. Critical thinking analyzes, applies, and evaluates. It categorizes, compares, contrasts, and traces causes and effects. It’s like separating the oxygen out of the air you breathe in, in order to enrich your cells, or extracting the carbon dioxide from your blood, in order to exhale it. Critical thinking takes what creative thinking has amassed and sorts it, keeping the best and discarding the worst.

Thinking Like Breathing

Applications/Microsoft Office 2008/2013 Argumentative Unit Standard Templates.docx
http://www.uen.org/core/languagearts/writing/argumentative.shtml
Applications/Microsoft Office 2008/2013-14 MUG Shot Template Unit .docx



UTAH COMMON CORE

Myers’ 2013-2014

Elements of an Argumentative Essay

2nd Place-Middle School DivisionJames Franco7th Grade, St. Thomas More Catholic School
A Clean Vision
I had a vision, and in this vision I saw Nebraska.  I saw Nebraska on a list, a list of the best states in the United States.  What will make it one of the best states?  The fact that it will become one of the first states to run on clean and renewable energy makes it one of the best states ever.  Nebraska needs to stop using fossil fuels and foreign oil.  Nebraska needs to turn to a cleaner energy source for the needs of its people.
In September of 2010 the United States sent $26.0 billion dollars over seas.  In order to stop this, someone needs to speak up and do something about it.  We do have the technology for clean energy, and we need to use it.  When I visit my grandmother's house in Bondurant, Iowa, I see lots and lots of wind turbines.  I wonder why I don't see that many in Nebraska.  The answer is that Nebraska does not pursue the ability to make clean energy.
Adrenaline runs through my veins as I stand atop my family's home-bine, a new practice that puts wind turbines on the top of civilian houses.  My name is Mike Bolga and I work on home-bines for a job to help clean the air we breathe.  Tears stream down my face as I drive home from the doctor's office.  I am Steve Yula and I manage the coal trains that are becoming lighter and lighter by the week.  I was just informed that I have lung cancer from the increasing amount of pollution from the power plants.  Who would you rather be?  We need to change our community's way of making power.
The future of Nebraska's energy will not only rely on one type of energy source but many.  It would not be very smart to put solar panels in a place where they get little sun.  Nebraska has a long history of using clean energy.  In fact, work is underway on the construction of the 60-megawatt Ainsworth Wind Energy Facility, which will be Nebraska's largest wind facility when it is finished.
Clean energy not only helps our state in technological advancements it would create lots of jobs also.  Because of the United State's current economy, many people have been left jobless.  Nebraska will need people to build all of the wind turbines, solar panels, and dams.  The pros are much greater than the cons in renewable and clean energy.  This is my vision! 


Example

•Read the directions carefully.
•Make sure the prompt is understood and followed precisely.
•Plan the essay before actually writing it.
•Budget time wisely.
•Be neat.
•Don’t write overly long introductions or conclusions.
•Focus on one idea per paragraph
•Always proofread for spelling, punctuation and grammar.

Essay Test Taking Tips

The writer restates, in general terms, the major arguments he has marshaled in defense of his thesis. the writer may summarize key points, restate his thesis, reinforce the weakness of his opposition, underscore the logic of his presentation, re-emphasize why this debate is important, suggest a course of action, or challenge the reader to apply the paper’s argument to his own life.

In the Conclusion

Background is appropriate. Use a hook, statement or explanation of a quote, claim, and a strong thesis.
Statement may consist of a brief history of related past events, a summary of others’ opinions, or a review of the basic facts.
a thesis statement is required. This informs the reader of the writer’s opinion regarding the matter under discussion and previews his plan of development

In the Introduction

Painting a Picture

Solving a Problem

Support your thesis with
three supporting topics. Use topic sentence and details to support your thesis.
In the conclusion, give your final thought and restate your thesis.
2011 KJH 8th Grade Essay Winner
Full transcript