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The Turn of the Screw Introduction

introduce Gothic Literature and novel Turn of the Screw

Christen Volk

on 14 April 2011

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Transcript of The Turn of the Screw Introduction

Gothic Literature
late 1800’s
Genre of literature that combines elements of horror and romance
“Gothic” coined by Italian Renaissance writers who attributed the ugliness of art and architecture of 12th – 15th centuries to northern tribes of Germanic Barbarians know as “Goths”
Large, drafty houses- estates that have been in the family for decades
Plot has secrets to add to atmosphere of mystery and suspense
Ghostly legends
Contains omens and prophetic dreams
Highly charged emotional states: obsessive love, depression, insanity, anger
Supernatural events
Damsels in distress
Romantic themes Typical Elements of American Gothic Fiction

Major Beliefs:
Nature and the universe are divine and miraculous
Imagination & emotion are more important than reason and formal rules
Intuition and reliance on "natural" feelings are a guide to conduct
Emphasizes: love of nature; respect for primitivism; value of the common, "natural" man, childhood, and the "Noble Savage" Romanticism
Interest in the supernatural, the mystical, the "gothic", and the exotic
Attracted to rebellion and revolution, especially concerned with human rights, individualism, freedom from oppression
Romantic writers valued the imagination, passion, subjectivity, and spontaneity
Emphasis on introspection, psychology, melancholy, and sadness Neoclassicism VS Romanticism Faith in reason

Interest in urban society

Public, impersonal poetry

Concern with the scientific and mundane


The skeptical INTELLECTUAL

Concerned with ORDER and CONTROL. Faith in the senses, feelings, & imagination

Interest in the rural & natural

Subjective Poetry

Interest in the mysterious & infinite

Emotionalism (Extreme mental states -- even terror/madness)

The sublimely inspired POET

Concerned with the individual, intuition, instinct, and imagination The corruption of innocence
Ambiguity in situations and intentions
The written word
Forbidden subjects
Destructiveness of heroism
Sanity & madness Silence
Light and darkness
Evil vs good
Revenge The Turn of the Screw motifs

1843 - 1916
Best know for Realistic Fiction
Wrote a number of ghost stories; however, psychological stories were his best writings
The Turn of the Screw was written in light of psychoanalyst Freud’s work
James’ work focuses on how the mind works and deceives us
Novel’s focus is on external ghosts and/or the perceiving consciousness of the human mind Romanticism: The Five I's A clip to lure you in:
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