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Literary Elements of Poetry

This is a presentation over the literary elements that can be found in poetry.

Lindsay Olenick

on 4 September 2012

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Transcript of Literary Elements of Poetry

Literary Elements of Poetry This is a central message or perception about life that is revealed through a literary work.

Example: A theme of Romeo and
Juliet is that love can be a powerful force. Theme A stated theme is presented directly.
It is clear. An implied theme must be inferred.
It is NOT clear. A universal theme can be understood by people of most cultures. The author's attitude toward the subject, himself, or the audience in a literary work. Tone Some examples of tone are playful, sarcastic, or sincere. This is meant to be understood imaginatively instead of literally.

Poets use it to help readers see things in new ways.

There are many types. Figurative Language Hyperbole
This is a deliberate and extreme exaggeration that's made for effect.

Example: I told you a million times. Personification
This is when an animal, thing, force of nature, or idea is described as if it were
human or is given human

Example: The ocean danced in the moonlight. Simile
This is a comparison of two dissimilar things that uses the word "like" or "as".

Example: My heart is like a singing bird. Metaphor
This is a word or phrase that is used to compare two unlike objects, ideas, thoughts, or feelings in order to provide a clearer description.

It DOES NOT use "like" or "as".

Example: My father is a rock. Symbolism
This occurs when a noun which has meaning in itself is used to represent something different.

Example: Sometimes a heart is used to symbolize love. Imagery
This is the figurative or descriptive language used to create word pictures or images.

It usually appeals to the five senses: touch, taste, smell, sight, sound.

Example: The white snowflake softly fell from the sky and landed silently on the cold ground. Allusion
This is a reference to a well-known person, event, object, or work from history or literature.


"I was not born in a manger. I was actually born on Krypton and sent here by my father, Jor-el, to save the planet Earth."

-Barack Obama Paradox
This is a seemingly contradictory statement, idea, or event that actually may be true.

Example: Life is wonderful and dreadful. Yay! We're finished taking notes.
Now, for your reward. Mood
The emotional effect that the text creates for the audience or the reader (you).
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