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Ruby Bridges

History Project
by

Hayden Fisher

on 25 March 2013

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Transcript of Ruby Bridges

By: Karly Diltz, Maricelis Cruz, and Hayden Fisher Ruby Bridges Early Life -On September 8, 1954, Ruby Nell Bridges was born in Tylertown, Mississippi. (Born the same year that "Brown vs. Board of Education" ruled segregation unconstitutional.)
-Grew up on her Grandparents' farm, which they sharecropped.
-At four, Ruby and her parents moved to New Orleans for job opportunities, hoping for a better life. -November 14th, 1960, Ruby went to school escorted by federal marshals.
- Upon arrival at William Frantz, mobs of white protestors were yelling profanity and threats at Ruby, her mother and the federal marshals as they walked up the steps to the front door.
- These same escorts continued for months, until the crowd was dwindled to a few angry protestors. The effect was still there. RUBY -This is famous painting is by Norman Rockwell.
-In 1964 it was the cover of Look magazine. "The Problem We All Must Live With" - One teacher named Barbra Henry, or Mrs. Henry, agreed to teach Ruby.
- Mrs. Henry was a new teacher from Boston, Massachusetts.
-Because of Ruby's attendance at school, angry parents of white children kept their kept their sons and daughters from going.
-For the whole school year, Ruby was the only student in Mrs Henry's class. She taught Ruby one on one, sitting in two desks side by side. BARBARA HENRY " Don't follow the path. Go where there is no path and start the trail."

--- Ruby Bridges - When Ruby was in Kindergarten, she was selected, among many other students, to take a test to determine whether or not she could attend a white school.
- Was rumored that the test was made especially difficult for African American children, for the purpose of preventing integration for a longer period of time. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas May 17, 1954 Ruby Bridges -Ruby's mother was all for the transition, but her father was not. He feared that it would further inflame racial tensions within the community. (he was right) -Ruby, remarkably, passes the test. She is the only African American child selected to attend William Frantz, the now formerly all white elementary school. Mrs. Henry and Ruby Bridges reunite. A newspaper clipping of the mobs of people forming in front of the William Frantz school. "Demonstrators held back by police at William Frantz school" INTEGRATES The EFFECT - Elsewhere, riots broke out in the city, sparked by self proclaimed "Militant Segregationists"
- Ruby's father is fired from his job.
- R.'s grandparents are fired and kicked off of the farm they had sharecropped for twenty five years after the owner learns of the trouble Ruby has caused ALTERNATIVELY:
- People who learn Ruby's story begin to send in donations and letters from across the country
- Neighbors gave R.'s dad a job painting houses
- Some white families braved the protest and sent their kids to school (although not in Ruby's class)
- Locally, supporters helped Ruby on the way to school Ruby's Impact - The next year, several more black students are in Ruby's class
- Considered a first major breakthrough for school integration
- Adds momentum to the civil rights movement of the 50s/60s HOW RUBY DEALT - Ruby, at her mother's advice, prayed to ignore the crowds, even going so far as to pray FOR them.
- Mrs. Henry continually assisted Ruby in understanding her situation A protestor holds a sign that reads, "Integration is a mortal sin" LATER LIFE - Finished grade school at William Frantz and attended an integrated high school
- Went to business school, was a travel agent for 15 years before returning home to raise a family
- She married Malcolm Hall and had four sons.
- Began to volunteer at WF weekly for years
- Now tours the country, at times with Mrs. Henry, educating young people about segregation and the civil rights movement, as well as her own experience. - In Topeka, Kansas an African American teenager named Linda Brown was not allowed to go to the public school near her home.
- The NAACP helped helped the browns sue the board of education
- Brown v. Board went all the way to the Supreme Court they ruled segregation in public schools was unconstitutional.
- It violated the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. WILL/FRANTZ
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