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History of Prosthetics
Transcript of History of Prosthetics
-Enrique De Lima
-Juan Pablo Gonzales
-Esteban Carvajal 4000 B.C Egiptians built basic prosthetic technology, they made limbs made of fiber 3500 B.C The first recorded, written document about prosthetics was found. The text consisted of a poem written by Rig-Veda, about a queen that lost her leg in battle and had an iron prosthesis to replace her lost limb. 500 B.C The ancient greek Herodotus wrote about a prisoner that escaped from his celd in jail by cutting of his foot and replacing it with a wooden one. 450-1000 A.C Leather peg legs, crutches made of wood, leather and metal are invented. 1508 A.C The german Gotz Von Birlichingen had a pair of technologically advanced iron hands, created after he lost his right arm in battle. 1529 A French surgeon called Ambroise Pare developed an artificial leg that contained a movable knee joint. He also created an artificial hand with fingers that are moved by some tiny internal levers. A dutch surgeon called Pieter Andriannszoon developed the first non-locking prosthesis that was used for below the knee. 1696 1800 James Pott designed a wooden prosthesis, also a stell knee joint and an articulated foot that is controlled by tendons from the knee to the ankle. Dr Douglas from NY invents a prosthetic leg with an articulated ankle made of an ivory ball. 1858 Civil war affects history of prosthetics
1861-1865 For the first time the United states government invests money for prosthetics devices for the soldiers. They provided them limbs made from wood, metal and leather. 1863 Dubois Parmlee invents an advanced prosthetic leg with multi articular foot, and polycentric knee. 1898 Giuliano Vanghetti created a procedure for using the remaining muscles and tendons of a person to move a prosthetic limb. 1912 Gustav Hermann creates the first aluminium leg prosthesis. 1915 The first externally powered prosthetic limb is invented in Germany. 1946 The university of California invents a suction socket for the above knee prosthesis. 1960 Babies that were born with undeveloped arms could have artificial arms that are powered by carbon dioxide. 1975 Ysidro Martinez creates a below knee prosthesis that improves tipical artificial limbs. 1980 Scott Sabolich develops some sockets that holds both limbs and distributes the weight in each one evenly. COMPUTER AGE PROSTHETICS
LIMBS 1990 When the microprocessors are starting to be used in prosthesis. 21st century In the 21st century there has been a lot of prosthetic advancements. Some of these are: Power knee, wich is synchronized with the motion of the leg. Proprio foot, that was designed for below knee amputees. It has an ankle that is controlled by sensor technology. Powerfoot, with a robotic system. And finally the great I limb hand which uses electric signals fron real existant muscles wich ables the user to open and close the hand like real life fingers. FUTURE?
C leg for above of the knee amputees, wich is controlled by a microprocessor.