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Georgia Scrapbook 4
Transcript of Georgia Scrapbook 4
Kemi Bakrin 2014
Three Governors' Episode
Eugene Talmadge was Georgia's governor but he was sixty two years old and poor in health so his closest advisors made a secret plan to put his son Herman Talmadge on the ballot. Melvin Thompson was elecion lieutenant governor ad when Eugene Talmadge died the confusion began. The legislature chose Herman Talmadge as governor, Ellis Arnall's term was drawing to a close, and Melvin Thompson began legal proceedings as governor so they all thought they were the governor of Georgia at the same time. In the end Herman Talmadge was elected governor and that was final.
Civil Rights Movement
The civil rights movement in Georgia was more peaceful than in other southern states because the General Assembly passed laws to desgregrate schools and other public buildings. Protest and marches were mostly non-violent and peaceful by African Americans to get their point across. There are many key people who influenced the attitude of people such as Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, and John Lewis. Ivan Allen was one of Atlanta's many business and civic leaders who credited to the peaceful transitions created by Martin Luther to integrate and remove restrictions and barriers put on African Americans.
Important People / Events
Foundation Of Government in Georgia
The Executive Branch in Georgia
The executive branch in Georgia is the governor and the qualifications are that they must be 30 years old, a citizen of the U.S for at least 15 years, and a citizen of the state for 6 years. They serve for a four year term and they pass laws and oversee the executive branch of government.
The lieutenant governor makes senate committee sessions, assigns bills to committees, and recognizes members of the senate who wish to speak.
The fromal powers of the governor are tha they manage the state's budget, heading the state's civil defense unit, prepare budget bills for consideration, serving as commander in chief for Georgia National Guard, and sending Georgia Highway Patrol officers and the Georgia Bureau of Investigation into communities in times of danger.
The informal powers of the governor are that they can act as the honarary head of the political party, guide state agencies, works with the members of the legislatures to get laws passed, communicates to the public, meets with business and industry leaders and issues proclamations to honor indivisuals.
The Legislative Branch in Georgia
The General Assembly is Georgia's legislature and their job is to propose and pass bills to be sent to the governor. It is bicameral and is older than the Congress of the U.S
To be a member of the General Assembly you have to be elected by a popular vote. To be a member of the Senate you have to be at least 25 years old, a citizen of the U.S a citizen of Georgia for at least 7 years and a legal resident of the districts from which they were elected from. The requirements to be in the House of Representatives is similar but you only have to be 21 years old.
A citizen may suggest an idea for a law or senator or representative can propose a bill for consideration. The bill must be reviewed be a house or senate committee and then its sent to a house its sent to be voted on and if it passes it goes to the General Assembly where they can pass it or deny it.
The Judicial Branch in Georgia
The judicial branch consists of the states courts. The highest ranking court is the Supreme Court and then the Court of Appeals and then the Superior Court. After that their is the state court, juvenile court, probate court, and , magistrate court.
The Supreme Court judges are elected by a popular vote for a six year term and there are seven.
Criminal law involve violations of the law and civil involves disputes between two or more people or groups.
Jurisdiction is the range of actions over which the court has control or influence.
A way to resolve disputes is to take it to court because it is reviewed equally.
- money recived on a regular basis
- to pay for something in exchange for a good or service
-the ability of a customer to obtain goods or services before payment, based on the trust that payment will be made in the future
- to keep money for future use
-put money into something to gain more money
Personal finance goal:
Put aside money every week to put into a savings account
When it is mature for paying off loans or for leisure
The Local Branch in Georgia
Georgia has 159 counties and almost six hundred cities. In a weak mayor system the city council has contrl over the legislative and executive powers and the mayor has limited power and a low veto power and is primarily a figure head. In a council manager form of government the council hires a manager who is already apart of it. The manager carries out policies, appoints all department heads and supervises.
A special purpose district is created for a single job or a single group of tasks such as MARTA.
Urban sprawl affects Georgia because there is growth in suburb areas and the infrastructure cannot supprt it.
Wood, Gwen Y. "Judicial Branch: Overview." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 01 October 2013. Web. 14 April 2014
Nystrom, Justin. "Lester Maddox (1915-2003)." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 17 January 2014. Web. 14 April 2014.
Kuryla, Peter A. "Benjamin Mays (ca. 1894-1984)." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 17 January 2014. Web. 14 April 2014.
"Welcome to My State History!" Welcome to My State History! N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2014.
"Governors' Powers and Authority." Governors' Powers and Authority. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2014
Juvenile vs. Adult Criminal System." Find a Lawyer. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2014
In 1956 Georgia's flag was changed to incorporate the St. Andrews cross, a Confederate war enblem.
in 2001 it was changed to Georgia seal with Georgia's previous flags below it because many people did not like the 1956 flag because it damaged Georgia's tourist industry and others saw it as a symbol of racism.
The 2001 flag had few supporters and the confederate enblem was still on it.
In 2003 the flag was changed again with tree horizontal bars two red and one whit with an emblem that says " In God We Trust"
Juveniles are not prosecuted for committing crimes, but rather delinquent acts and adult would be prosecuted.
An unruly act is an act done by a juvenile that would not be a crime if done by an adult such as ring away or missing school.
A delinquent act is an act done by a juvenile that would be a crime if an adult did it such as burglary or car theft.
The adult term for taken into custody is under arrest.
The Seven Deadly Sins
(4) Armed Robbery
(5) Aggravated Sodomy
(6) Aggravated Sexual Battery
(7) Aggravated Child Molestation
Citizens may improve laws and allows the people to change the constitution if it fails to serve their needs.
Citizens are given the right to vote for their representatives.
Georgia's capital is Atlanta and Savannah, Augusta, Macon and Milledgeville were Georgia's previous capitols.
State Revenue money comes from income tax, sale tax, lottery, fees and sales. They are spent to provide services for Georgia citizens and Georgia's budget planners decide this.
Was President of Morehouse college in Atlanta until 1967 and was a mentor of Martin Luther King Jr. He was active in civil and political organizations and was a speaker.
Brown v. Board of Education-
A case that reached the Supreme Court that ruled separate - but- equal schools were unconstitutional.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee sat in an " whites only" seating room at a bus stop to test a ruling and were quickly arrested but it caused an uprising for the Albany Movement.
The commission reccommended that local schools abide by the court orders or they would close them.
Hamilton Holmes & Charlayne Hunter-
The first black students of the University of Georgia to be escorted by state patrol officers.
In 1961 Albany, Georgia became the center of the civil rights activity which included protests, sit-ins, and other movements to appease their demands.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
- This Act outlawed discrimination and the federal government refused federal funds to systems who did not end segregation.
Led the city of Atlanta through economic growth and maintaining calmness during the civil rights movement. Before he was mayor he was a businessman taking over his fathers company and served two four year terms.
-Was Atlanta's first black mayor who led the development and expansion of MARTA and Hartsfield Jackson Airport and was recognized for Atlanta's diversity and his humanitarianism.
Was a politician who supported to segregation and Jim Crow Laws even though integration was apparent in public places already.