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Perspectives of Psychology
Transcript of Perspectives of Psychology
Nature vs. Nurture
Believe that all thoughts and behaviors result from the brain and nervous system.
Neuroscientists study how the brain and nervous system produce thoughts and behaviors.
Look at how drugs and hormones affect people.
Believe that genes provide code for building the entire body.
Genes cause differences in the brain, and therefore differences in thoughts and behaviors.
Researchers in this area are called geneticists.
Believe that human characteristics are best explained by looking at how humans have evolved and adapted over centuries.
Evolutionary psychololgists often focus on human traits that evolved for the purpose of survival and reproduction.
All patterns of thoughts and behaviors can be changed by learning.
Experiences help shape our future behaviors because people learn what actions lead to positive or negative outcomes.
In monkeys, certain brain areas in males lit up when they saw another male courting a female
Perhaps jealousy could be eliminated with drugs or other brain treatments?
Evidence has shown genes to influence things like alcoholism and depression. Perhaps jealousy could be traced to genes?
Humans evolved in ways where males and females actively drove off competition for their mates. Long-term relationships became beneficial for long-term survival.
Perhaps acting jealous in the past was effective in pushing the competitor away or earning the affection of your love.
Social and Cultural Perspective
Thoughts and behaviors are heavily influenced by other people.
We are constantly aware of what others will think of us.
The culture we belong to affects our attitudes, beliefs, and values
What would our friends and family expect of us? Is flirting by our partner acceptable? Is confronting a competitor for our partner expected? What level of reaction do people consider appropriate?
Age is a huge factor in determining our thoughts and actions.
People pass through different stages of development as they get older.
The types of jealousy people exhibit varies. Middle schoolers might get others to not talk to the person, while older teens and young adults would be most likely to react with physical violence.