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Transcript of Egyptian Project
Some of the things that ancient egyptians ate were bread, cakes, beer, vegetables, lentils, beans, onions, garlic, leeks and fruits.
Most egyptians went around naked until the age of 6. Then they started to wear clothes that would protect them from the sun. Men of the working class wore a loincloth or short kilt and sometimes a type of shirt. Women wore straight dresses.
Names were chosen with care to represent the person's personality, their devotion to a specific god or location, or to reflect the times that they lived.
Early in history they made huts out of mud and papyrus reeds but when it flooded every year and knocked them down they decided to make them sturdier. They started making them out of bricks to make it sturdier. Poor people only had one row but wealthy people had two or even three rows.
There were many jobs which includes scribes, bakers, priests, noblemen, soldiers farmers and many others.
A few things ancient egyptians in their spare time are hunting, fishing, music, gardening, river games, swimming, parties, and games like senet.
The Role of the Pharaoh
The pharaohs woke up and got dressed in a lot golden jewelry. Then He would go to meetings with important people. He then went to the temple to worship and honor the gods.
Ramses II was also known as Ramses the great and is known as the most powerful pharaoh in the egyptian empire. He led military expeditions to canaan and nubia expanding the Egyptian Empire.
Pyramids were used bury pharaohs and to put riches with them so they could go into the afterlife. Every bottom of a pyramid was a square and they usually took at least 20,000 - 40,000 workers. The first few pyramids were called step pyramids because they were not flat like the newer ones. They were built by building ramps around the pyramids and dragging sandstone across the desert from the quarries and putting the sandstone on top.
A mummy is a body that has gone through the mummification process.
The ancient egyptians mummified bodies because they believed that they would be important in the next life.
The process of mummification had a lot of steps. First you had to pull out the brain through the nose with a hook. Then they had to make an incision in the side of the body and take out all of the organs. After that you had to let the organs dry out for 70 days and then put them in canopic jars and put the heart back inside the body. Then they had to wash off the body and let it sit under natron salt for a long time. They stuffed the body with linens after 40 days under the salt to give it a more human shape. Once the 70 days were up they would wrap the bodies and then put it in the sarcophagus.
The Nile River
The nile river is the most longest river in the world and is 4,258 miles long. It goes through 11 countries. In ancient egypt it was used for transportation and farming.
The snow begins to melt from the mountains and into the Nile the the flood waters start to reach lower Egypt. Then the villages on high ground get surrounded by water and the flooding season is here. Then the land by the river gets good enough to farm. In March and April the crops are green and ready to harvest. Next the nile shrinks into a small stream and the cycle restarts.
Ancient Egyptians were polytheistic which means they believe in more than one god. They had protector gods that were called deities and each city had its own deity. Most of the gods had a power over nature. A few examples are Ra the sun god, Geb was the earth god, and Horus was the god of the sky. Amun was the king of all gods and he combined with Ra (the sun god) to become Amun-Ra.
by Jack Schreur
by Jack Schreur