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The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Hey, what did you expect?


on 21 January 2016

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Transcript of The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Presenting the SDGs
Financing: how much?
“senseless, dreamy, garbled” –
William Easterly,
Foreign Policy

"a set of 169 commandments means, in practice, no priorities at all"
"unfeasibly expensive"
"cookie-cutter development policies"
The Economist

Positives and optimism
Criticism: disconnect between people and states
SDGs: What can we expect?
Part 1 –
What, Who, Where, When, Why
Overview Presenting the SDGs
* Goals, targets
* Actors, consultation process
* SDGs vs MDGs

Part 2 -
Implementing the SDGs
* Monitoring, evaluation
* Financing

Part 3 –
Expectations and Predictions

Reception and Public Opinions
* Positives, negatives
* Challenges

1. Introducing the SDGs
2. Implementing the SDGs
3. Expectations and Predictions
25-27 September
January 2016
Taking effect
Ratifying countries
Presenting the SDGs
Presenting the targets
By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
SDGs vs MDGs
T Frame
8 goals
21 targets
17 goals
169 targets
Key novelty
anti-poverty agenda
global socialist agenda
Who is addressed
for goal completion
poorest & developing
Targeted level
individual but also global
most are measurable
output/input vs impact
numerous, expensive
complex; impact/outcomes?
Key pros
& cons
manageable, clear,
targeted on poverty

narrow, incomplete
ambitious, widespread

no priorities, $$

Consultative process: How did we arrive at SDGs?
We need action from everyone, everywhere.
To achieve these new global goals, we will need your high-level political commitment.
We will need a renewed global partnership
- UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon
* Public sector, private sector, civil society
* Governments, international organizations,
companies, NGOs, academic institutions
* Key political and societal figures

* UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) June 2012
* GA Open Working-group on SDGs (OWG on SDGs)
* High Level Panel on Post-2015 Development Agenda (2013)
* Intergovernmental committee of experts on sustainable development financing
* Over 80 national consultations , outreach - UNDG
* Negotiations, negotiations, negotiations

* National country plans
* Data Collection
- Indicators: expert group March 2016
- 2 for each target - feasibility, suitability, relevance
* Monitoring and Evaluation
- Follow-up and review with UN processes
* Universality vs. “common but differentiated
responsibilities” (CBDR)

* Committee on Sustainable Financing report 2014
- End extreme poverty $66 billion globally per year
- Eliminate hunger $50.2 billion
- Universal health care $37 billion
- Universal primary education $42 billion
- Total 2-3 trillions/year for climate compatible and
sustainable development scenarios

To which must be added:
- Infrastructure $5-$7 trillion

Financing: where does the money come from?
Feasability analysis
* Numbers
- 29% of goals (49) “considered well developed"
- 54% (91) of goals need more work
- 17% (29 goals) “weak or non-essential"
* Pros
- major improvement on MDGs
- addresses issues of sustainability that were ignored
* Cons
- silo approach: goals cancel each other out,
conflicting solutions
- Lacking clear definition of sustainable
- too much country variations for some targets

* Financing for Development – July 2015, Addis Ababa
* Public financing
- Developed countries - 0.7% of GNI for ODA
- Developing countries' increasing role
* Private sector and partnerships
* Reduce government spending

- phase out fossil fuel subsidies
* Crackdown on corruption and illicit trade

So... what can we actually expect?
Technical Challenges
Ideals, principles - powerful message
Massive movement
: mobilization of action, energy

* No “Business-as-usual”
* Universality, inclusivity, equity
* Rights-based, human dignity
* Comprehensiveness, scope, ambition
* Cross-cutting, integrative
* Country ownership

Paradigm shift?
-> Scope too large, number of targets
-> Everything is priority
-> Divergent country views (anti: UK, Japan)
-> Hypocrisy of states “preaching”

* Compliance mechanisms?
* Data Collection and Measurability
- how to measure targets?
- less precise, targeted, manageable than MDGs
* Monitoring 338 indicators
* Financing
- foreign aid barely mentioned, minimal role
- past social spending for MDG
* Definition of Sustainability
* Partnerships and Coordination

Systemic and Ideological Challenges
* Political will and resistance
- CBDR? Opt-out excuses
* Income distribution and concentration not mentioned
- SDGs controlled by corporations and rich countries top 1%
* Neoliberal economics may increase poverty and inequality
- commodification, deregulation, privatization, cuts in
government expenditure
* Fundamentally unsustainable consummation and production
* Tweaking the system or changing the model?

Levels of analysis
Creating a bottom-up
* UN System Task Team on Post-2015 Development Agenda
- Technical support team
- Working group on monitoring and indicators
* Outreach online webinars, online discussions
- World We Want survey
- Over 8.5 million people
Consultative process
Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development
By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents
By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day
post MDGs
numerous in number
widespread in content
Millenium goal 7 demultiplied
economic issues = SDGs 8, 9, 11
SDG 16: human rights
SDGs 1-5
What do you Expect??
“From MDGs to SDGs” World Health Organization (WHO). 2015. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/events/meetings/2015/MDGs-SDGs-Summary.pdf

“Sustainable Development Goals: commendable but pie-in-the-sky.” Medecins sans frontiers. 25 Sept, 2015. https://www.msf.org.za/msf-publications/sustainable-development-goals-commendable-pie-sky

Ford, Liz. “Global goals received with rapture in New York - now comes the hard part.” The Guardian. 25 Sept 2015.http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2015/sep/25/global-goals-summit-2015-new-york-un-pope-shakira-malala-yousafzai

Easterly, William “The SDGs Should Stand for Senseless, Dreamy, Garbled.” Foreign Policy. 28 Sept. 2015. http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/09/28/the-sdgs-are-utopian-and-worthless-mdgs-development-rise-of-the-rest/









http://www.ipsnews.net/2015/08/u-n-post-2015-development-agenda-adopted-amidst-closed-door-deals/ - Negotiations

Sources and main links
SDG official outcome document http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/70/1&Lang=E

SDGs Official Website https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/?menu=1300

SDG Summit of 25-27 September 2015 - Adoption of Post-2015 development agendahttp://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/summit/

UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) June 2012 http://www.uncsd2012.org/

GA Open Working-group on SDGs (OWG on SDGs) https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/owg.html

High Level Panel on Post-2015 Development Agenda (2013) http://www.post2015hlp.org/

GA - Post-2015 Agenda: Setting the Stage! http://www.un.org/en/ga/president/68/settingthestage/
Intergovernmental committee of experts on sustainable development financing https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index.php?menu=1558

Report of the Committee on Sustainable Development Financing http://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/ICESDF.pdf

Report of the International Council for Sciences (ICSU) on SDGs feasibility http://www.icsu.org/publications/reports-and-reviews/review-of-targets-for-the-sustainable-development-goals-the-science-perspective-2015/SDG-Report.pdf

Financing for Development Conference Addis Ababa http://www.un.org/esa/ffd/ffd3/
World We Want Survey https://www.worldwewant2015.org/

Inter-Agency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators http://unstats.un.org/sdgs/iaeg-sdgs/
Actors: who is involved?
SDGs: What Can We Expect?
International Development Cooperation
Klevisa Kovaci and Nadège Legroux
Sciences Po
31 October 2015
Full transcript