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The war of 1812

history
by

Melissa Harris

on 6 June 2013

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Transcript of The war of 1812

History THE WAR OF 1812 United States VS Great Britain The Start On June 1st,1812, United states president Madison declared war against Great Britain. British North America (made up of British colonies), faced possible invasion by American Armies. On July 12th,1812, an army of more than 1,000 Americans went into British North America. They were thinking that it would be a simple task to get all of the British out of North America, but the British North Americans, British forces, and their native allies, were able to fight off the American invasion. Introduction WHY: The United States declared war in 1812 for many reasons. -Trade restrictions -British support of American Indian tribes against expansion in America Outrage over insults to national honor after humiliations on the high seas What Causes of the War Results of the war The War of 1812 was a military conflict between the United States and Great Britain. As a colony of Great Britain, Canada was swept into the war and got invaded by the Americans many times. The war of 1812 lasted into 1814. By the end of war 1812 the British nor America won, but there were long-term effects. Charles de Salaberry Tecumseh Sir Isaac Brock Sir Isaac Brock was a British army officer and administrator. Born:October,6th/1769
Died: October, 13th/1812 (Age 43) His years of service were from 1785 to 1812 Sir Isaac Brock was 43 years old when died defending the American invasion on October, 13th/1812. His help in the war of 1812, particularly his success in Detroit, earned him a knighthood. -Born in Quebec
-An experienced officer in the British
army when the war began
-Formed a militia group called Voltigeurs which
composed a lot of men from lower Canada
-In 1813 he got 1600 men, including Voltigeurs and ambushed the Americans
-They made to much noise so the Americans thought there was a much longer army so they turned around and went home
-The Voltigeurs success in defeating 400 Americans prevented them from attacking Montreal.
-Also prevented them from controlling the St.Lawrence river
-Allowed them to cut off supplies to upper Canada When the Americans invaded upper Canada on July,12th/1812, Brock was ready. He'd already recruited a force of citizens and made alliances with the First Nations. Detroit lost to the British, and Sir Isaac Brock became a hero. -Born March 1768 Laura Secord Catherine Lundy -Born on September 13th 1775 The battle of Lundy's Lane took place on July 25th,1814, at the Lundy family property near Niagara Falls. Catherine, the wife of Thomas Lundy, was a young women in her teens. Rather than fleeing, she stayed and gave drinking water to thirsty soldiers who had walked 14 miles to reach the site on that hot July day. During the battle, she also helped the wounded. After the battle, Catherine was honoured with a visit from a Britsh military officer, who gave her his sword. -Died October 1813 -Was a well respected Native -He was a powerful ally of the British
forces during the War Of 1812 -American immigrants were discouraged from coming to British North America. October 1813- American victory at battle of
Thames River near Moraviantown. Cheif Tecumseh was killed. Events Of 1812 Burning of the White House - The boarder between United States and British North America was changed to 49th parallel from the lake of the woods -Claimed to be killed by colonel
Richard Johnson -The agreement of 1817 freed the great lakes from the military. Each side was allowed to keep one armed ship on lake Champlain and Lake Ontario -He helped General Brock capture
Detroit in 1812 -The british built fort Henry at Kingston for protection from any invasion from America -He persuaded the British commander
to take a stand at the Thames River -Died at age 45 -People in upper and lower Canada had to co-operate with each other during the war. The success brought pride. -Native allies weren't need for military purposes -Trade began to grow. It increased trade along the St.Lawrence river. December 1813-The American's set fire
to the town of Newark -Rideau canal was first proposed near the end of the war as a route between Montreal and the Great lakes -The Atlantic colonies had a period of prosperity during the war. They were able to continue their trade with England states July 1814-The Battle of Lundy's Lane. Neither side could claim
a victory, but Americans had retreated to Fort Erie. August 1814- President's mansion was scorched. Repainted
and has been called the White House ever since On August 4th,1814, after beating the Americans at the battle of Bladensburg, a British force led by Robert Ross occupied Washington,D.C and burned a lot of public buildings to the ground. The White House and U.S capital were largely destroyed. -Wanted to protect The Native Lands from all the
Americans who had been pressing west ward, he hoped that the British would help him Pictures Burning of the White house White house After -Born in Ohio By: Sabrina,Riley,Melissa,and Emma -Died 1868 at the age of 93 -Over heard the American soldiers planning an attack on the British June 1812- U.S declared war on Great Britain 1.Formed a military group called
Voltigeurs, which is made from almost
from every men from lower Canada 2.In October 1813 he got 1600
of his men including the Voltigeurs
ambushed the Americans along
the Chateauguay river 3. They made a lot of noise that the americans thought they had a much larger army
they turned around and went home. 4.The Voltigeurs success in defeating 400 Americans prevented them from attacking Montreal. 5.They prevented them from
controlling the St.Lawrence river July 1812- The American army lead by General Hull, crossed
Detroit River and had entered Upper Canada -Walked 32 km to the British outpost, to warn the fitzgibbon about the planned attack -Lived in poverty until 1828 These are some of the many events of the War of 1812 -Ran a school for children for a short period of time The U.S.A. declared war for many reasons, including the following:

-Trade restrictions brought about by Britain's ongoing war with France

- The impressment of American merchant sailors into the Navy

-British support of Native American tribes against American expansion

-Possible American interest in expanding Canada. THANKS FOR WATCHING! Riley Sabrina Melissa Emma After Detroit lost to the British, the main threat was in Niagara, and it was here that Brock fought his final battle. The British were successful at Queenston Heights, but Brock lost his life leading his soldiers in a charge. And now, for the fun part!! He died defending Niagara Our Quiz!! Timeline Catherine Lundy -Catherine was the wife of Thomas Lundy - She was a young women in her teens. -Rather than fleeing, she stayed and gave drinking water to thirsty soldiers who had walked 14 miles to reach the site on that hot July day. -During the battle she tended the wounded. -After the battle, she got a visit from a british officer, who gave her his sword. - The battle of Lundy's Lane took place on July 25th,1814, at the Lundy family property near Niagara Falls. Bibliography http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812 Youtube History textbook -A candy shop was named after her because she was considered "an icon of courage, devotion and loyalty.” http://www.eighteentwelve.ca/?q=eng/Topic/43
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