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Treatment of Mental Disabilities in the 1930s
Transcript of Treatment of Mental Disabilities in the 1930s
The mentally disable were consider inferior to the rest of the people. They were usually placed in mental institutes called "Asylums".
The mental disabled were brought here to be treated. Treatment supposedly helped the patients but it seemed to do the opposite.
Life in the Asylums
The staff in the asylums was very limited during the 1930s. If the patients misbehaved the staff would often verbally and physically abuse the patients to make them obey. Mental patients weren't considered nor treated like humans by staff. They were treated more like animals.
The punishment towards misbehaving patients was often very severe. Patients were often whipped and beaten up. In worse cases bad behavior would lead to critical injuries or death.
Mental Disability definition
Mental Disability- a derangement or abnormality of function; a morbid physical or mental state.
Matt Campbell and Jordyn Sieker
Treatment for the mentally ill was very harsh. They were cruel and inhuman. The doctors main objective was to fix the patients nervous system. One of the most severe at the time was a lobotomy. Other common treatments were ice baths, bleeding practice and electroshock therapy.
Lobotomy was introduced in the early 1930s by António Egas Moniz.This surgery is preformed on the mentally ill to sever one or more nerve tracts in the brain. This treatment resulted in permanent brain damage.
This treatment is preformed on the mentally ill usually dealing with seizures. An electricity shock is given to the patient. Side effects include memory loss and brain damage.
The living conditions in the asylums were very overcrowded and unsanitary. Patients were often kept in dirty stalls with other people. This set up often lead to spread of disease throughout the hospital which resulted in more deaths of patients.
During the Great Depression, society believed that the mentally disabled were possessed by demons. They were considered lunatics and were locked away from the rest of the world in mental hospitals.
The bleeding practice involved the draining the "bad" blood from the patient, unfortunately this cruel practice usually resulted in death or the need for lifelong care for the patient.
The staff would put the patients in ice baths until they would loose consciousness and their brain would receive a huge shock.
During the Great Depression, doctors didn't know what caused people to have a mental disability or how to treat it properly. They treated patients with inhuman treatments and weren't fully aware of the side effects. This lead to many deaths of patients.
Then and Now
1930 & 2013
The treatment of the mentally ill during the 1930s and 2013 is very different. The medical treatment now is more effective and the patients are treated equal and with respect. Doctors now know how to treat the patients properly and have the right knowledge to help the mentally disabled.