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Sociological Perspectives on Bullying in America
Transcript of Sociological Perspectives on Bullying in America
Sociology 105 Sociological Perspectives on Bullying in America 1 in every 4 children are bullied
1 out of 5 admit to bullying someone
Every 7 minutes, a child is bullied on a playground in America
During that time, 4% of adults step in, 11% of peers intervene, 85% of the time, there is no intervention
On any given day, as many as 160,000 children stay at home to avoid being harassed
282,000 students are physically assaulted in school each month What is bullying? Putting words into Numbers... Bullying is an unwanted aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance
Bullying includes threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically/verbally, purposely excluding someone
Kids can bully, be bullied, or witness bullying
What is cyberbullying?
Bullying that takes place using electronic technology
Examples are text messages, phone calls, emails, through social networks, pictures, videos, and fake profiles Structural Functionalist Approach
to the issue
With Bullying the Structural Functionalists aren’t going to look at how it affects one or two or even one hundred people. They are going to focus on how it fits into Society, and try to understand why it is needed for society to function.
When looking at bulling we see two main types of people the victims and the victimizers, a Structural Functionalist is going to look at these two types of people,interconnected to larger ones in society.
. With bullying this approach is going to look at not only the bullies and their victims, but how it interlinks with the school systems, the prison system, societal laws, jobs it provides and the moral values a society associates with bullying; weather the Society frowns upon it or holds it in some regard such as an ancient Sparta where bulling was encouraged at a young age to teach strength and bravery. A Structural Functionalist would ask, “how would society function differently without bullying?" Social Conflict Approach to Bullying
The Social Conflict approach is a macro view of society that says society is a system of social inequalities based on things such as class, sex, gender, race etc... They tend to look at how these inequalities give rise to such conflicts as bullying and how those with power exploit those with less power
when a person approaches the subject of bullying from a Social Conflict point of view, they are going to look at things like statistical evidence, using surveys, interviews and experiments to see what groups of people are prone to bullying others and what groups of people tend to be bullied
Social Conflict sociologists would also look at how society deals with bullying from group to group and see if for example a person of one race is treated differently for doing the same thing a child from another race did Social Conflict POV would ask "What circumstances do these groups find themselves in that put them in the position to bully others or be bullied?" Symbolic Interactionist Approach
The Symbolic Interaction approach is a micro-level approach, it views society as an ongoing process
This approach asks three general questions to decide how society really is:
1-How do people experience society?
2-How do people shape the reality they experience?
3-How does behavior and meaning change from person to person and from one situation to another?
. The way people see the world in which they live is based majorly on the life they have lived and the experiences they have witnessed growing up. Survey Results 40 college students surveyed 14 (males) 26 (females)
64% had at some point experienced being bullied
50% reported they had bullied someone
21% said they would do it again
42% had at some point experienced being bullied
42% reported they have bullied someone
7% said they would do it again These results reinforce what we already know about human nurturing, we see that males are generally more aggressive than females and will try to exert power over other males (especially at younger ages) to assert dominance The approach that worked best for our group is the Social conflict approach. The reason we chose this approach is because it goes beyond just understanding the issue its role in society but tries to come up with ways to fix the problems. The researchers are normally activists and interested in giving the group with less power more of a voice to insight change. Conclusion The best way to address bullying is to stop it before it starts. Bullying can be prevented, especially when the power of a community is brought together. Community-wide strategies can help identify and support children who are bullied, redirect the behavior of children who bully, and change the attitudes of adults and youth who tolerate bullying behaviors in peer groups, schools, and communities.