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Church History: Ch 5-6
Transcript of Church History: Ch 5-6
& the formation of
the canon. Church History in Plain Language; WEEK 3: (late 2nd- early 4th cen) Where did your BIBLE come from? There was never a time the early church was without scripture. The "word made flesh." The Hebrew scriptures. The oral/written instruction of the apostles. TERMS: Bible TERMS: Testament Greek:
ta biblia "the books" Latin: testari ‘testify’
Greek: diathēkē ‘covenant.’ Latin, from Greek:
kanōn ‘rule’ Terms: Canon not QUITE the "apocrypha" • 1 Esdras
• 2 Esdras
• Rest of Esther
• Ecclesiasticus (also known as Sirach)
• Baruch and the Epistle of Jeremy (all part of Vulgate Baruch)
• Song of the Three Children (Vulgate Daniel 3:24-90)
• Story of Susanna (Vulgate Daniel 13)
• The Idol Bel and the Dragon (Vulgate Daniel 14)
• Prayer of Manasses
• 1 Maccabees
• 2 Maccabees Noteworthy apocrypha... So... you've got
a bunch of texts,
but how do you
make a BIBLE? 1) Self-Evidencing:
Unique & Influencial 2) Used in worship:
Early church use (gospels)
but not all.. 3) Connection to an apostle:
more than any other reason,
because... Chief aim in the formation of
the Christian canon was the
communication of the apostles' teaching. Orthodoxy. "Right-belief." So... What if someone comes
along and wants to strip out the
Christianity and Judaism? The need to define and
protect the "old testament." The need to define
the "new testament." Or... What if someone comes
along and wants to push
Christ aside for
"new" revelation? In a nutshell:
Orthodoxy is defined as a
combat to the unorthodox "Heresy" The chief danger of the church. Really? Not persecution?
Not the state? Why? theology. theology. "Study / knowledge" "God" Rational thought about God. Which brings us to... What's the difference between theology and religion? What kind of things do you associate with theology? Why do you think theology gets such a bad rap today? Two dangers: 1) No theology.
Is it even practical?
Who needs fancy vocab?
"I love flowers but I hate
botany. I love religion
but I hate theology." 2) Just theology.
Raising faith to knowledge. It's easier. More attractive. "The answer to bad theology for the Christian can not be no theology." Case in point, another
comparison... Meet Plotonis. Founder of
"Neo-Platonism" Who gives us
this... What is chairness? The physical world is
a cheap copy of the
perfect idea (ideal).
Matter is a lie. Gnosticism. The problem with God in the flesh. Chief deity, check! Good and evil, check! Jesus, check! Salvation through Jesus, Check! So... what's the problem? Gnosticism. Chief deity: pure spirit - NOT a creator. Matter is a corruption from the spirit. The god of the Israelites is a far cry from the purity of the divine spirit, explaining his treatment of things in the Hebrew scriptures. Jesus is a man whom the Divine Spirit enters for ministry, but departs prior to passion. Jesus shows us how to be saved by a renunciation of the physical world, refining ourselves into pure spirit. This "knowledge" is revealed to the select who are capable of separating themselves from the barbaric and outmoded religion of the Hebrews and their corrupt deity. So what does Gnosticism do to orthodox Christianity? How do you combat something so close to the truth? I believe in God Almighty
And in Christ Jesus, His only Son, our Lord
Who was born of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary
Who was crucified under Pontius Pilate and was buried
and on the third day rose from the dead
Who ascended into heaven
And who sits on the right hand of the Father
Whence he comes to judge the living and the dead
And in the Holy Spirit
The Holy Church
The Remission of sins
The resurrection of the flesh
The life everlasting. The Apostles' Creed What's ?