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Copy of Chapter 5 - The Birth of Filipino Nationalism

Phistcons Presentation

Limwill Aguda

on 18 July 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Chapter 5 - The Birth of Filipino Nationalism

The Birth of Filipino Nationalism
Early Resistance to Spanish Rule
The Spanish was able to implement:

oppresive taxation policies
forced labor
galleon trade
indulto de commercio
government monopolies

Uprisings and Revolts
desire to regain lost freedom
resistance to Spanish imposed institutions
Desire to revert their native religion
agrarian unrest
Revolts Caused by the Desire to regain Lost Freedom

Revolt of Lakan Dula and Sulayman (1574)
First Pampanga Revolt (1585)
Tondo Conspiracy (1587-1588)
Revolts Caused by Resistance to Spanish Imposed Institutions
Magalat's Revolt (1596)
Revolt of the Irrayas (1621)
Sumuroy's Rebellion (1649-1650)
Maniago's Revolt (1660)
Malong's Revolt (1660-1661)
Diego Silang's Revolt (1762-1763)
Gabriella Silang's Revolt
Palaris Revolt (1762-1765)
Basi Revolt (1807)
Revolts Caused by the People's Desire to Revert to Their Native Faith
Tamblot's Revolt (1621-1622)
Bankaw's Revolt (1621)
Tapar's Revolt (1663)
Dagahoy's Revolt (1774-1829)
Revolt of Hermano Pule(1840-1841)
Uprisings Caused by Agrarian Unrest
These are revolts brought about by the natives to retrieve their lands from the friars
occured in Batangas, Laguna, Cavite, Pampanga and Bulacan in 1745-1865
Failure of Early Resistance to Spain's Colonial Rule
sectional jealousies
lack of communication in the provinces
absence of national leadership

Disunity was enhanced with the implementation of the policy of divide et impera, where Filipinos where made to fight each other.
The Emergence of the Filipino Sense of Nationhood
Factors for the Emergence
opening of the Philippines to world commerce
rise of class media
liberal regime of Carlos Ma. Dela Tore
racial discrimination
secularization controversy
Cavite Mutiny of 1872
The Opening of the Philippines to World Commerce
consequence of Spain's adoption of the laissez-faire policy
the economic isolation of the Philippines ended
A more significant event was the influx of liberal ideas into the country.
Filipino intellectuals came to learn the revolutionary ideas of John Locke and Jean Jaques

John Locke's Theory of Revolution
people can overthrow a government that is not working for their good of the governed

Jean Jaques Rousseau's Social Contract Theory
a government is an agreement between the ruler and the ruled to govern for the welfare of the ruled
The rise of the Class Media
families which prospered were able to send their sons to Europe for education
these sons were able to see through the illusion of Spain and became Filipino propagandists
Liberal Regime of Carlos Ma. Dela Torre
appointed as governer-general due to the fall of Queen Isabella and the triumph of liberalism in Spain (1869)
demonstrated democracy and liberal philisophy
abolished the censorship of the press
Father Burgos and other Filipinos were motivated in the Filipinization of parishes
but with the restoration of the Spanish monarchy, he was replaced by Rafael de Izquierdo
Racial Discrimination
the spanish considered the Filipinos as an inferior race and labled them "Indios"
Fray Miguel de Bustamante - "Si Tandang Basyong Macunat"
He portrayed the Filipino as an individual with low mental ability, incapable of acquiring
Secularization Controversy
The secularization of parishes was the transfer of ministries of the Spanish clergy to the Filipino seculars
The issue started from the expulsion of Jesuits that left Parished to be filled up by Filipino seculars.
at first it was a religious issue then later turned into a racial controversey

Fr. Pedro Pelaez led the struggle of Filipino seculars against royal decrees turning secular parishes over to the friars.
the controversy worsened when the Jesuits came back
Fr. Pelaez appealed to Queen Isabella II for ecclesiastical equality between the Spanish and Filipino seculars.
When Fr. Pelaez died, the struggle halted for a while, but was later continued by Fr. Burgos.
Fr. Burgos was able to unify the Filipino Clergy
Cavite Mutiny of 1872
on January 20, 1872, a mutiny broke out in the aresenal of Cavite led by Sgt. La Madrid
Spanish authorities arrested liberal-minded Filipinos.
Fathers Jose Burgos, Mariano Gomez, and Jacinto Zamora were executed.
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